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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kolface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 arm 2 handface="Times New Roman Star"1 рука (от локт€ до плеча) 2 рука (кисть)face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qul 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qu.l 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gol 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gol 1face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"xol 'shoulder'face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1face="Times New Roman Star"kol 'shoulder'face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qul 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 276, EDT 614-5, TMN 3, 556, ƒыбо 146-153, ‘едотов 2, 353, Ћексика 244-245, Ё—“я 6, 37-43, Stachowski 150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pair, couple, one of a couple 2 to join, uniteface="Times New Roman Star"1 пара, один из пары 2 соедин€ть(с€)face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1, qus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2 (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo.s? 1, qo.s?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gos? 'a couple of oxen', Gos?- 'to add'face="Times New Roman Star"xos 1, xos- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"xos 'double; again', xohuj- 2, xoho:n 'poem'face="Times New Roman Star"koho:n 'poem'face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qo's?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qywys? 1, qus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 283; EDT 670, Ћексика 611, ‘едотов 2, 375, Ё—“я 6, 90-94, Stachowski 150. Turk. > MMong. (HY) qos?i, WMong. qos, Kalm. xos? 'pair' (KW 189, TMN 3, 364, Clark 1980, 41, 42, ўербак 1997, 142).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kodyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"below, downwardsface="Times New Roman Star"внизу, внизface="Times New Roman Star"qody (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qod|y (MK, QB)face="Times New Roman Star"koju
face="Times New Roman Star"quju, qujy (MA, Ѕор. Ѕад.), quji (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"qujiface="Times New Roman Star"qujuface="Times New Roman Star"qozy, quzy, quzu





face="Times New Roman Star"(?) x@rl@ 'bowing the head' (KW 153)face="Times New Roman Star"xotu 'downstream; North'face="Times New Roman Star"kotun 'in the direction of'face="Times New Roman Star"quduface="Times New Roman Star"qudu









face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 596, VEWT 275, Ё—“я 6, 31-32, Stachowski 154.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kudrukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tailface="Times New Roman Star"хвостface="Times New Roman Star"qudruq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qud|ruq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kujrukface="Times New Roman Star"qojryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruq, qujrug| (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"Guzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"GujruGface="Times New Roman Star"Gujruqface="Times New Roman Star"xuzuruxface="Times New Roman Star"quzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurduqface="Times New Roman Star"xu"reface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qu_jryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"qojroqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurjuxface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"Gurux|face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 296b, EDT 604, Ћексика 145, Ё—“я 6, 114-117, Stachowski 163. Cf. also MK qud|urg|un 'tail strap' (Ћексика 553).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kun/akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 armour 2 skinface="Times New Roman Star"1 панцирь 2 шкура
face="Times New Roman Star"qujaq 1, qujqa 2 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"qojqa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qujaq 1 (Pav. C.)




face="Times New Roman Star"xujax 1, xujg|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qujaq 1, qujqa 2

face="Times New Roman Star"kujax 1, kujaxa 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qujaq 1, qujg|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"qujaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyjaq 1, qujqa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qujqa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qujqa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qojqa 2


face="Times New Roman Star"qujqa 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 676, VEWT 301, Ћексика 576, Ё—“я 6, 111, 113, Stachowski 161. Turk. > Mong. qujiqa 'skin from the head' (whence Evk. kuika etc., see Doerfer MT 132; Dolg. kujka 'head skin', see Stachowski 160).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kul-kakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earface="Times New Roman Star"ухоface="Times New Roman Star"qulqaq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qulaq, qulqaq, qulxaq (MK), qulaq, qulg|aq (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kulakface="Times New Roman Star"qolaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaq (MA), qulag| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"qulo|qface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"GulaGface="Times New Roman Star"Gulaqface="Times New Roman Star"xulaxface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"xъw|lg|aface="Times New Roman Star"kulga:kface="Times New Roman Star"kulga:kface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qolaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulaxface="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"Gulax|face="Times New Roman Star"qulaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 298, EDT 620, Ћексика 204-205, Ё—“я 6, 124-127, Stachowski 160.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kem, *Ka-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 who 2 whichface="Times New Roman Star"1 кто 2 какойface="Times New Roman Star"kem (OT, OUygh.) 1, qaju (OT, OUygh.), qanu (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem?kim (MK, KB) qaju (MK, KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim (Abush., IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim, kem (dial.) 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kam 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, xaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, kaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"qym 1, qajy 2face="Times New Roman Star"qum 1, qai 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"ka"m 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 720-721, Ё—“я 5, 67-68, 191-192, Stachowski 134, 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku:ry-k,-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 dry 2 dry (crumbs, bread)face="Times New Roman Star"1 сухой 2 черствыйface="Times New Roman Star"qury- 'to dry' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qurug|, qur 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kuru 1face="Times New Roman Star"qory 1face="Times New Roman Star"qury- 'to dry' (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"quruq 1face="Times New Roman Star"quruq, qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurug|, quruq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Guru 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gu:ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"xurug| 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry' (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"qurru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|rъw|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kura:naq 1face="Times New Roman Star"kura:nak 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qu_rg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qury, qurlaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"qoro 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"Guru, Gury 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *Ku:r(y)- 'to dry up'. See VEWT 302, 303; EDT 652-3, 646, 658, Ё—“я 6, 154-155, Stachowski 162, 163. Turk. qu:rut 'dry cheese' > Mong. qurud > Manchu kuru etc., see Doerfer MT 131; Turk. > Hung. ko/ro/ 'dry stalk', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku:rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wormface="Times New Roman Star"червьface="Times New Roman Star"qurt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qurt (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kurtface="Times New Roman Star"qortface="Times New Roman Star"qurt (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurut
face="Times New Roman Star"Gurdface="Times New Roman Star"Gu:rtface="Times New Roman Star"xurt


face="Times New Roman Star"xortface="Times New Roman Star"kurz?|ag|a 'small parasites'face="Times New Roman Star"kurz?|agaface="Times New Roman Star"qu'rtface="Times New Roman Star"qu'rtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qu_rt

face="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurt

face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 303-4 (although we prefer to separate *Ku:rt 'worm' and *Ku:rt 'wolf'), EDT 648, Ћексика 181, Ё—“я 6, 167-168, ‘едотов 2, 367-368, Stachowski 162.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kul/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bird 2 duckface="Times New Roman Star"1 птица 2 уткаface="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (Sangl.); 'moth' (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"xus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1; 'hen'face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus?, Gus? (< Az.) 'sparrow'
face="Times New Roman Star"kus 2face="Times New Roman Star"kus 2face="Times New Roman Star"qu's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qu's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 305, TMN 3, 547-548; EDT 670; Ё—“я 6, 180-182, Ћексика 168, Stachowski 162. Chuv. xъlat 'hawk' < Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kud-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to pour out (water) 2 to pour 3 wellface="Times New Roman Star"1 лить 2 сыпать 3 колодецface="Times New Roman Star"qud- 1 (OUigh.), qudug| 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 (MK), qud|ug| 3 (MK, QB)face="Times New Roman Star"kuju 3, qujy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qoj- 1, 2, qojy 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 (Sangl.), qujy 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Guju 3face="Times New Roman Star"Guj- 1, 2, Gujy 3face="Times New Roman Star"xus- 1, 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quspaq 'большой туес' (?)

face="Times New Roman Star"xyv- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qut-/d- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3face="Times New Roman Star"qoj- 1, 2, qojy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3
face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 296, EDT 596, 598, Ё—“я 2000, 109-111, 119-120, ћудрак ƒисс. 102, ‘едотов 2, 379. The root contained undoubtedly *-d-, but variants with *-j- are attested unusually early. Turk. > MMong. g|uduh (SH), WMong. qudug| (whence backwards > Turkm. Guduk, Uygh. quduq, Khak. xutux etc.), see EDT ibid., KW 194, ўербак 1997, 143, TMN 1, 395-396, Stachowski 162.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kusykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nutface="Times New Roman Star"орех
face="Times New Roman Star"qusyq 'pine kernel' (ML)







face="Times New Roman Star"xuzux
face="Times New Roman Star"qusuq



face="Times New Roman Star"qu'suqface="Times New Roman Star"quzuq









face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 667, TMN 3, 475, Ё—“я 6, 23-24.
face="Times New Roman Star"*siarygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 yellow 2 whiteface="Times New Roman Star"1 желтый 2 белыйface="Times New Roman Star"s/aryg| (Orkh.), saryg| (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"sariq 1face="Times New Roman Star"seriq 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:rug| 'orange'face="Times New Roman Star"s?orъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"arag|as 1; ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"hary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 403-4, EDT 848, Ћексика 601, ‘едотов 2 462-463, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 37. Vowel length in Turkm. and Khal. must be secondary (influenced by forms like Mong. sa:ral 'yellowish'?). Bulg. > Hung. sa/r, sa/rga, dial. sa/rog 'yellow', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 227.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sEr/- (?-e:-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to feel, understand 2 doubtface="Times New Roman Star"1 чувствовать, понимать, воспринимать 2 сомнение
face="Times New Roman Star"sez- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"siz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1 (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa"z- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"seza(wa:r)face="Times New Roman Star"sis- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ses- 1, ses 'understanding'



face="Times New Roman Star"sezik 2face="Times New Roman Star"sezik 2face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1, sez 'feeling'face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"hid|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sez- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 413, EDT 860-861, Ё—“я 7. Turk. sezik > WMong. sesig (but sez?|ig is probably genuine, see under *sa\z?|V).
face="Times New Roman Star"*sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nitface="Times New Roman Star"гнида
face="Times New Roman Star"sirke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"si>rke|face="Times New Roman Star"sirke (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"si>rke|face="Times New Roman Star"si>(r)ka"
face="Times New Roman Star"sirka"face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"si>rge
face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"sirka"face="Times New Roman Star"s?ъrga

face="Times New Roman Star"sirgeface="Times New Roman Star"si'rxeface="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"si>rkeface="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"hi>rka"face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"sirka"face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"sirke
face="Times New Roman Star"sirkeface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 423, EDT 850, Ћексика 182, Ё—“я 7. Turk. > Hung. serke, see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 523-524.
face="Times New Roman Star"*syjn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gift (from an inferior to a superior)face="Times New Roman Star"подарок (от нижесто€щего вышесто€щему); почет
face="Times New Roman Star"sin|u"t (MK) `a gift without a return gift'face="Times New Roman Star"syj-ly 'respected' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"syj-la- 'to pay respect' (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"syj (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"si-la- 'to treat, entertain' (я∆”), su-luk
face="Times New Roman Star"sy:-la- 'to respect'face="Times New Roman Star"syj, syjyx; syj-la- 'to treat, entertain'face="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"syj
face="Times New Roman Star"(sъj < Tat.)

face="Times New Roman Star"sy-g|a- 'to treat, entertain'face="Times New Roman Star"sy-g|a- 'to treat, entertain'face="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"hyjface="Times New Roman Star"syj
face="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"syj
face="Times New Roman Star"syjface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 836, VEWT 415, Ћексика 350, Ё—“я 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jul-dur/ (*-dyr/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"starface="Times New Roman Star"звездаface="Times New Roman Star"jultuz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"julduz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"joldyzface="Times New Roman Star"julduz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"jultuzface="Times New Roman Star"juldysface="Times New Roman Star"ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"d/yldysface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|ldъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"sulusface="Times New Roman Star"hulusface="Times New Roman Star"syldysface="Times New Roman Star"syltysface="Times New Roman Star"z?|yldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_ldyzface="Times New Roman Star"juldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jondod|face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldysface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?uldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldusface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, TMN 3, 260-1, EDT 922-3, Ё—“я 4, 279-280, Ћексика 53, Stachowski 111.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sym-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to talk unintelligibly 2 to whisperface="Times New Roman Star"1 говорить невн€тно 2 шептать
face="Times New Roman Star"sumly- (MK, KB) 1






face="Times New Roman Star"sym-sym 2face="Times New Roman Star"sym 'silence'


face="Times New Roman Star"s@mp@ltet- 'лопотать'

face="Times New Roman Star"symyran- 2face="Times New Roman Star"symyra- 2 (‘иЋ)









face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 829.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sy:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to break, damage, harm 2 to be brokenface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, нарушать, портить 2 ломатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"sy- (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"sy- (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"sy- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sy-n-dyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) sy- (AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"sin- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sin- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sy:-n- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"si- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"? i:r- 'to tear'
face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 'to be defeated'face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sun- 2; syndyr- 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"syn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 413-414, EDT 782.
face="Times New Roman Star"*syrtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 back, spine (of animal) 2 tableland, mountain ridgeface="Times New Roman Star"1 спина, позвоночник (животного) 2 горный хребет
face="Times New Roman Star"syrt-la- 'to climb up a small valley' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt (AH) 2, sirt (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"sirt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"sirt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"syrt (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ъrt 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"sirt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"sy'rt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 'back part'face="Times New Roman Star"hyrt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1face="Times New Roman Star"syrt
face="Times New Roman Star"syrt 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 419, EDT 847, Ћексика 268, Ё—“я 7. Turk. > Hung. szirt (see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 756).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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