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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEr/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to walk, walk throughface="Times New Roman Star"ходить, проходить черезface="Times New Roman Star"kez- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kez- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"giz-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/z- (Sangl., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"g/ka"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-


face="Times New Roman Star"ka"z-



face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-
face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gid|-face="Times New Roman Star"[kezik 'очередь']face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez- (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 260, EDT 757, Ё—“я 3, 10-11. Cf. also (with -r-) Yak. kerij- 'walk around'. The derived Turk. *ger/ik 'turn, order' ( < *'going through') > MMong. kes?ik (SH), WMong. kesig 'wake, turn' (see TMN 1, 467-468, Clark 1980, 40). The verb itself was also borrowed, cf. WMong. kesu"-, Khalkha, Bur. xese-, Dag. kese- 'to wander, roam'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*KEr/i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fever, contagious diseaseface="Times New Roman Star"лихорадка, заразна€ болезньface="Times New Roman Star"kezik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kezig (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a rodent ulcer' (EDT), kezek 'gangrene'
face="Times New Roman Star"kezek 'a rodent ulcer' (Abush.), Kypch. keziv 'pestilence' (CCum.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'typhus'


face="Times New Roman Star"kiz@m
face="Times New Roman Star"kezim, kezu"





face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'long uncurable disease'face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'fever'
face="Times New Roman Star"kid|ew 'pestilence'


face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a cold in the head'

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 758-759, VEWT 260 (derivation from kez- 'walk' is highly dubious).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kic?u"k /-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"small, littleface="Times New Roman Star"маленькийface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ig (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"g (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, kic?i (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ik (IM, AH, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kyc?ig|face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@c?@g
face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"
face="Times New Roman Star"k@z/@nface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?ugujface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?uguj, ku"c?c?u"gu"j

face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u":face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?kejface="Times New Roman Star"keseface="Times New Roman Star"gic?c?eface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, ku"z?|u"kface="Times New Roman Star"kic?kena"face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|i
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 269, EDT 696, Ё—“я 5, 75-77, Stachowski 159, 163. On Turk. > Hung. kis 'small' see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kidir/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"feltface="Times New Roman Star"войлокface="Times New Roman Star"kidiz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kid|iz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kejiz (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kijezface="Times New Roman Star"kijiz (IM, Abush., Qutb., Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"kigizface="Times New Roman Star"kigiz

face="Times New Roman Star"ki:zface="Times New Roman Star"ki:s
face="Times New Roman Star"kijis



face="Times New Roman Star"kidis
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kejed|face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz

face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kijgiz (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 270, TMN 3, 661-662, Ё—“я 5, 66-67, Ћексика 392. Turk. > MMong. kijiz (ўербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wideface="Times New Roman Star"широкийface="Times New Roman Star"kin| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ken| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"genface="Times New Roman Star"kin|face="Times New Roman Star"ke.n| (Sangl., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ge.n| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ka"n|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"genface="Times New Roman Star"gi:n|
face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ki:en|g
face="Times New Roman Star"kien|face="Times New Roman Star"kien|

face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"kin|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|
face="Times New Roman Star"ken|, kenface="Times New Roman Star"ken|
face="Times New Roman Star"gen|face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 724-725, VEWT 253, EDT 724-725, Ё—“я 3, 46-47, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to enterface="Times New Roman Star"входитьface="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 735-736, Ё—“я 3, 47-48, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kirface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dirtface="Times New Roman Star"гр€зьface="Times New Roman Star"kir (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kerface="Times New Roman Star"kir (Houts., Pav. C, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"k@r
face="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kir@k 'dirt on body, dandruff'face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"xir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"ker
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 735, VEWT 271, Ё—“я 5, 69-70, Stachowski 148.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyryl/ / *kiril/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bow stringface="Times New Roman Star"тетиваface="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"keres?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (Pav. C., IM, AH, Qutb.)


face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"k@r@s, xyrysface="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"xirlu"face="Times New Roman Star"kiris, kyrys
face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"kiric?
face="Times New Roman Star"kirisface="Times New Roman Star"keres?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 71-72, Ћексика 578.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eyelashface="Times New Roman Star"ресницаface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kerfekface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (Sangl., Pav. C.), kirpu"k (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kiprikface="Times New Roman Star"ki(r)pikface="Times New Roman Star"kirmikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"k@rb@k
face="Times New Roman Star"kirbikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"xъrbъx, xъrbъk, (dial.) xъrbuface="Times New Roman Star"kirba"j, kirbi: 'edge'
face="Times New Roman Star"kirbik
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"k@rp@kface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kerpek
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 737-738, Ё—“я 5, 74-75, ‘едотов 2, 333-334, Ћексика 213. Cf. also the verb *Kyrm- / *Kyrp- 'to wink' (Ё—“я 6, 221). The front row variant here is probably secondary.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ki:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sableface="Times New Roman Star"собольface="Times New Roman Star"kis? (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?





face="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|s?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kisface="Times New Roman Star"kis, kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kes?




face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, TMN 3, 664-665, EDT 752, ўербак 1961, 143, Ё—“я 5, 77-78, Ћексика 162-163, Stachowski 149 (one of the Turk.-Samoyed. contact words; because of the Tungus parallel, probably Turk. > Samoyed., despite Helimski 1995). The Chuvash form reveals irregular vocalism and may in fact reflect a merger with PT *Ku"l/u"l 'rat, mole' (v. sub *k`e>\l/u/). Turk. > Mong. er-kis 'male sable', ebsi-gis 'female sable' (see Clark 1980, 43).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/e-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hobble, bound 2 fettersface="Times New Roman Star"1 стреножить 2 путыface="Times New Roman Star"kis?e- (OUygh.) 1, kis?en (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kis?e- (MK, KB) 1, kis?en (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kes?an 'headstall, fetters'face="Times New Roman Star"kis?te| 3face="Times New Roman Star"kis?en 'chain' (Sangl., Houts.), Kypch. kis?en (CCum.) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kis?e|n 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ki:s?en 'chains'








face="Times New Roman Star"kis?en 2


face="Times New Roman Star"kis?en 2




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 258, EDT 753. Some forms point to *ke:l/-, possibly under the influence of *kel/c? 'belt' (v. sub *k`e/l/e).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"person, peopleface="Times New Roman Star"человек, людиface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@z@face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?i

face="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 752-753, Ё—“я 5, 78-79, Ћексика 325, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"ku"r/ (/*go"gu"r/), *Ko"krekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast 2 middle of the back 3 reason, sense, emotion 4 female breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь 2 по€сница, середина спины 3 женска€ грудьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"g|u"s 1, ko"krek 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1 (dial.,  —““), ku"kre|k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gs, ko"gu"s (Sangl.), ko"ku"s (MA) 1, ko"krek (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ks 1, 3, ko|kra"k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s, go":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ks, ko"ku"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"s 1, ku"krek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gis 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"g|u"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ksu" 'back'

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"ro"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kis 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"frix 4?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 714, VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 54-55, 5, 136-137, Ћексика 272-274, Stachowski 155. The Oghuz forms with k- (Turkm. ku"krek, Tur. dial. ko"krek) may be < Kypchak, cf. -u"- instead of -o"- in Turkm.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.) 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to get burnt 5 soot 6 strong smell of burnt 7 unpleasant smellface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 обгорать 5 сажа 6 сильный запах горелого 7 непри€тный запахface="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n- (Argu MK), ko"j- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) ko"j-, ku"j- 1; ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (Abush., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuj- 1, kuja 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ku"j- 1, ko"jdu"r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ku"jo" (dial.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku", k@w|v 6 (јшм.), k@w|s/ek 7; kъw|vajt 5

face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, 730, Ё—“я 5, 88-89, 133, Ћексика 362, ћудрак ƒисс. 75. The Az. form is somewhat dubious, both semantically ("itch") and phonetically (irregular voiced g-). See also *ko"n/- 'to grieve, suffer'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, Ё—“я 3, 66-68, Ћексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 seam 2 thin straps for sewing 3 to sew, lace 4 to tack 5 tack, basting 6 needlework 7 to fastenface="Times New Roman Star"1 шов 2 тонкие ремешки дл€ шить€ 3 прошивать, стегать, подшивать 4 обметывать, приметать 5 наметка 6 шитье 7 присоедин€ть, прив€зыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (OUygh.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kle|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (Sangl., Abush.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.k 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, ko"kle|- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kte- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 6, ko"kto"- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"kъgъr- 7

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'k (Todzh.) 1, ko"kte- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kto"- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, EDT 708, Ё—“я 91. Following EDT (and despite VEWT and Ё—“я) we prefer to separate this root from *ko"k 'hinge, peg, tether' (v. sub *k`o:ki/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to harness 2 harnessed animalface="Times New Roman Star"1 запр€гать 2 упр€жное животноеface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1 (OUygh. - YB), ko"lu"k 2(Orkh., OUygh.), 'a vehicle' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lu"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (Sangl.)



face="Times New Roman Star"go":lu"k (dial.) 'vehicle'; go"le 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1, ko"l@g Nom. Act.
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lko" 2 (possibly < Mong.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l-u"j- 1, ko"lo", ko"lgo" 2 (the latter may be < Mong.).face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"l, xo"lge 2 (the latter is rather < Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"ho"lle- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288, EDT 715, 717, Ё—“я 3, 69-70, ‘едотов 1, 320-321, Stachowski 155 (following Kal/. MEJ 18 and deriving Yak., Dolg. < Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*[k]o":lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lakeface="Times New Roman Star"озероface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (IM, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l@ (NW), ku"l@face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"xo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 69, 5, 95-96, Ћексика 91, Stachowski 165.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":leface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 slave, servant 2 bastard 3 co-ruler, ministerface="Times New Roman Star"1 слуга, раб 2 незаконнорожденный 3 соправительface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (? ku"l) an Old Turkic title (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l ( ? ku"l) 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l 3


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko":le 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lmo"k 'people'





face="Times New Roman Star"xo"l 'guests that have arrived'










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shadow 2 to shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 тень 2 давать тень, затен€тьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge, ko"lge (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lege (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lke|, ku.le|ke| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le|n|ge|, ko"lige| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lga" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lge 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le- 2, ko"lek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"- 2, ko"lo"n|o" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"ko" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"letke 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"len|ke 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288-289, 294, EDT 716-718, Ё—“я 5, 96-97, 128, Stachowski 164. Should be distinguished from *Ko"l/- 'to screen' (v. sub *ge:\l/a).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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