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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEru"l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to quarrel, fight, wrestleface="Times New Roman Star"ссориться, драться, боротьсяface="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (MK), ku"res?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (MA), gu"res?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuras?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ra"s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"la"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"go"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"res?-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res 'wrestling'
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"res-face="Times New Roman Star"xires?-, xu"res?- ; xire- 'to start a fight'face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"ro"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, gu"res-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 747-748, ЭСТЯ 3, 79-81, 5, 50-51, Федотов 1, 280. The peculiar variation of keris?- and ku"res?- in old sources allows perhaps to reconstruct the original shape *gero"l/-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kerkiface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 adze, mattock 2 razorface="Times New Roman Star"1 кирка, мотыга 2 бритва
face="Times New Roman Star"kerki (MK) 1, kerej (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerki 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kerki (IM, AH) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ke|ke|, ke|rke (dial.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"rki, kerki (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kerki 1

face="Times New Roman Star"kerki 1
face="Times New Roman Star"karъ 'chisel'

face="Times New Roman Star"kerz?ek 'adze'
face="Times New Roman Star"kerki 1








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 741, ЭСТЯ 5, 51-52 ( > Russ. кирка).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kes-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cutface="Times New Roman Star"резатьface="Times New Roman Star"kes- (Yenis.)face="Times New Roman Star"kes- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"s-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"s-face="Times New Roman Star"kas-face="Times New Roman Star"kehe:-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"kit|-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-



face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 257, ЭСТЯ 5, 55-57, 58. Turk. *kesek > WMong. keseg 'piece, part' (TMN 3, 596, Clark 1980, 39, Щербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:(j)t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to go (away)face="Times New Roman Star"уходитьface="Times New Roman Star"ket- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ket/d|- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"git-face="Times New Roman Star"kit-face="Times New Roman Star"ke.t- (Abush., Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"get-face="Times New Roman Star"git-

face="Times New Roman Star"ket- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kajt-



face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"kit-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"get-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"Gi:/i- (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"get-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 258, EDT 701, ЭСТЯ 3, 39-40, 49-50. Vowel length can be reconstructed on indirect evidence (voicing -t- > -d- in forms like Az. gedis? 'going away' etc.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*KEr/i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fever, contagious diseaseface="Times New Roman Star"лихорадка, заразная болезньface="Times New Roman Star"kezik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kezig (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a rodent ulcer' (EDT), kezek 'gangrene'
face="Times New Roman Star"kezek 'a rodent ulcer' (Abush.), Kypch. keziv 'pestilence' (CCum.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'typhus'


face="Times New Roman Star"kiz@m
face="Times New Roman Star"kezim, kezu"





face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'long uncurable disease'face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'fever'
face="Times New Roman Star"kid|ew 'pestilence'


face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a cold in the head'

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 758-759, VEWT 260 (derivation from kez- 'walk' is highly dubious).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kEmu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bone 2 spongy bone 3 cartilageface="Times New Roman Star"1 кость 2 губчатая кость 3 хрящ

face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"k (MA) 3, ko"mu"k (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko|mik, ge|mik (dial.) 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ke:mik 3





face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 722, ЭСТЯ 5, 36-38, Лексика 261-262. Turk. > Mong. kemik 'cartilage' (see Щербак 1997, 126; but the derivation of the Turk. form from *gemu"r- 'to gnaw' (v. sub *ke>\ma) is a folk etymology, although some contaminations were possible: Yak. ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone' semantically continues *kemu"k, but formally is derived from *gemu"r-. MK has kemdi- 'to cut meat from the bones' and kemdu"k 'bone with meat cut off' - forms that may be related both to *kemu"k and *gemu"r-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kic?u"k /-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"small, littleface="Times New Roman Star"маленькийface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ig (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"g (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, kic?i (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ik (IM, AH, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kyc?ig|face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@c?@g
face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"
face="Times New Roman Star"k@z/@nface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?ugujface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?uguj, ku"c?c?u"gu"j

face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u":face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?kejface="Times New Roman Star"keseface="Times New Roman Star"gic?c?eface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, ku"z?|u"kface="Times New Roman Star"kic?kena"face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|i
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 269, EDT 696, ЭСТЯ 5, 75-77, Stachowski 159, 163. On Turk. > Hung. kis 'small' see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ged-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to put onface="Times New Roman Star"надеватьface="Times New Roman Star"ked- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej-, kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-
face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-
face="Times New Roman Star"gi:-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 700, VEWT 246, ЭСТЯ 3, 12-13, Лексика 472-473, Stachowski 146.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gedface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"back, afterface="Times New Roman Star"сзади, позадиface="Times New Roman Star"kedin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|in (MK, KB)

face="Times New Roman Star"kijin (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kejinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin, ka"jin


face="Times New Roman Star"kizi>nface="Times New Roman Star"ka"zinface="Times New Roman Star"kijin
face="Times New Roman Star"kajface="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketex 'back of head'face="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketek 'back of head'

face="Times New Roman Star"kijinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin




face="Times New Roman Star"kejin

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 704, VEWT 246-247, ЭСТЯ 5, 23-24, Stachowski 144, 146. Forms like Yak. ketex 'back of head' clearly show that the root was *ged-; the monosyllabic *ge- (observable in Yak. ke-lin and perhaps Chuv. kaj) is most probably a result of secondary reinterpretation of the stems *gedin and *geru" (the latter < PA *ke\ro q. v.). It is exactly this reinterpretation that allows to reconstruct *g- in PT *ged- (the root is not attested in Oghuz languages).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kidir/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"feltface="Times New Roman Star"войлокface="Times New Roman Star"kidiz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kid|iz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kejiz (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kijezface="Times New Roman Star"kijiz (IM, Abush., Qutb., Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"kigizface="Times New Roman Star"kigiz

face="Times New Roman Star"ki:zface="Times New Roman Star"ki:s
face="Times New Roman Star"kijis



face="Times New Roman Star"kidis
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kejed|face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz

face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kijgiz (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 270, TMN 3, 661-662, ЭСТЯ 5, 66-67, Лексика 392. Turk. > MMong. kijiz (Щербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ki:n, *ki:n-du"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 navel, navelstring, centre 2 navel of a musk-deer, muskface="Times New Roman Star"1 пупок, пуповина, центр 2 мускусная железа, мускусface="Times New Roman Star"kin 'утроба, vagina; мускус', kindik 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin (KB), ku"n (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kindik, ku"nu"k (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kendek 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik (MA, Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik, kindak 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kendek 1 (ЯЖУ)
face="Times New Roman Star"kindik (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@n 1, k@nd@k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1, kin 2face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@nd@k (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ki:n 1
face="Times New Roman Star"xin 1, 2, xindik 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xin 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kendek 1face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1, 'belly'face="Times New Roman Star"kindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kinz?|ix, kintix 1face="Times New Roman Star"gindik 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 725, 729, ЭСТЯ 5, 68-69, Лексика 279-280. Turk. > Mong. kindik (Щербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kirface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dirtface="Times New Roman Star"грязьface="Times New Roman Star"kir (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kerface="Times New Roman Star"kir (Houts., Pav. C, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"k@r
face="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kir@k 'dirt on body, dandruff'face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"xir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"ker
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 735, VEWT 271, ЭСТЯ 5, 69-70, Stachowski 148.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to enterface="Times New Roman Star"входитьface="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 735-736, ЭСТЯ 3, 47-48, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eyelashface="Times New Roman Star"ресницаface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kerfekface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik (Sangl., Pav. C.), kirpu"k (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kiprikface="Times New Roman Star"ki(r)pikface="Times New Roman Star"kirmikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"k@rb@k
face="Times New Roman Star"kirbikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"xъrbъx, xъrbъk, (dial.) xъrbuface="Times New Roman Star"kirba"j, kirbi: 'edge'
face="Times New Roman Star"kirbik
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"k@rp@kface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kerpek
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"kirpik
face="Times New Roman Star"kirpikface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 737-738, ЭСТЯ 5, 74-75, Федотов 2, 333-334, Лексика 213. Cf. also the verb *Kyrm- / *Kyrp- 'to wink' (ЭСТЯ 6, 221). The front row variant here is probably secondary.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyryl/ / *kiril/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bow stringface="Times New Roman Star"тетиваface="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"keres?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (Pav. C., IM, AH, Qutb.)


face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"k@r@s, xyrysface="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"xirlu"face="Times New Roman Star"kiris, kyrys
face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"kiric?
face="Times New Roman Star"kirisface="Times New Roman Star"keres?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 5, 71-72, Лексика 578.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ki:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sableface="Times New Roman Star"собольface="Times New Roman Star"kis? (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?





face="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|s?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kisface="Times New Roman Star"kis, kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kes?




face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, TMN 3, 664-665, EDT 752, Щербак 1961, 143, ЭСТЯ 5, 77-78, Лексика 162-163, Stachowski 149 (one of the Turk.-Samoyed. contact words; because of the Tungus parallel, probably Turk. > Samoyed., despite Helimski 1995). The Chuvash form reveals irregular vocalism and may in fact reflect a merger with PT *Ku"l/u"l 'rat, mole' (v. sub *k`e>\l/u/). Turk. > Mong. er-kis 'male sable', ebsi-gis 'female sable' (see Clark 1980, 43).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"person, peopleface="Times New Roman Star"человек, людиface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@z@face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?i

face="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 752-753, ЭСТЯ 5, 78-79, Лексика 325, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kodan **AD но чув нет
face="Times New Roman Star"hareface="Times New Roman Star"заяц


face="Times New Roman Star"kujanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qujo|nface="Times New Roman Star"qojan

face="Times New Roman Star"Gojan (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"xozan
face="Times New Roman Star"kojon
face="Times New Roman Star"(kujan dial. < Tat.) xor/an, xoren (dial.) **AD нет в Ашм. и стандартных словарях; откуда? И Левитская в словаре не нашла.face="Times New Roman Star"xotonox
face="Times New Roman Star"kodan (kojg|un from some j-language?)face="Times New Roman Star"xodanface="Times New Roman Star"kojonface="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qujanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan
face="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan
face="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 274-275, Лексика 164, ЭСТЯ VI 29-30. Предполагается чув *xoran > марийск. *oren в составе moren 'заяц' Егоров 122 - скорее маразм.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pek
face="Times New Roman Star"1 dog 2 hound 3 sheep-dog 4 yard dog 5 puppyface="Times New Roman Star"1 собака 2 охотничий пес 3 овчарка 4 дворовая собака 5 щенок
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1, go"belek 5
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek (Pav. C., AH) 1, ko"belek 2 (OKypch.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.ppa"k 1; ko"pa"k 1 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pa"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"k 'ethnonym; name of a hero'






face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pe 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"belek 3, go"ben it 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, TMN 3, 646-647, ЭСТЯ 5, 111-112, Лексика 189. Basically an Oghuz word, but cf. also Kum. go"ben, OKypch. ko"belek 'shepherd's dog' (Bulgat, ad-Durr., Houts., AH) = Tur. dial. go"belek 'puppy' (possibly < Kypch.), see ЭСТЯ ibid. Despite ЭСТЯ, Kirgh. qara ko"bo"lo"k 'evil spirit appearing as a girl dressed in black and with a black greyhound' is rather = ko"bo"lo"k 'butterfly' (cf. the archaic mythological motive of evil spirit appearing as a butterfly), but a contamination with the word for dog attested in Old Kypchak also cannot be excluded. However, Kalm. ko"wl@g 'greyhound' is not < Kirgh., but from Old Kypchak. The same source is probable for Russ. кобель, dimin. кобеле'к (a re-analysis?) - the word is absent in other Slavic languages, the list of absolutely hopeless etymological attempts can be found in Фасмер II 267. It was attested for the first time in 1599 as a term for a hounting hound: у государевы царевы охоты у кобелей у меделянскихъ; the form кобелек (attested in 1673) see in СРЯ XI-XVIII, 7, 208. Turk. > Hung. kopo/ 'bloodhound', see Gombocz 1912 (Doerfer in TMN 3, 647 objects, but the word has no Finno-Ugric etymology).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kepelekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"butterflyface="Times New Roman Star"бабочка
face="Times New Roman Star"kepeli (MK), kebelek (Tefs.), kelebek (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"kelebek; ko"pelek, kepenek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"be|le|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pelek (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kapalakface="Times New Roman Star"kepile|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"pa"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"kebelek, kepelek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"xobanax, xubanaxface="Times New Roman Star"xopaxface="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"lo"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xovag|an
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"po"lo"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pelekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ba"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"go"belekkeface="Times New Roman Star"kelebekface="Times New Roman Star"k/eb/elakface="Times New Roman Star"go"belek
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"melekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 689, ЭСТЯ 5, 13-15, Лексика 187.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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