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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *d(w)VdV
Meaning: to transmit, relate
Altaic: *t`édù
Dravidian: *dūd_-
Eurasiatic: *dwV[H]V
Meaning: to give
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dō- (Pok. 223-226)
Altaic: *t`uja
Uralic: *toɣe
Dravidian: *ta-
Eskimo-Aleut: *tun(i)-
References: МССНЯ 338; ND 2251 *toHo ~ *taHo 'to bring, fetch; to give'.
Eurasiatic: *dwV(j)ḳV
Meaning: one, finger (?)
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *doikʷ-, -gʷ-
Altaic: *t`ḗk`í ( ~ -k-)
References: ND 2259 *täyḲV 'finger, one'.
Eurasiatic: *dwVmV
Meaning: build, house
Indo-European: *dem-
Altaic: *t`āma
Kartvelian: ? Georg. tem- 'Gemeinde, Stammverband, Gebiet, Bezirk'
References: ND 2281 *tam(')[u] 'earthen wall, house' (+ Berb.).
Eurasiatic: *dwVrV
Meaning: court, enclosure
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dwer- (almost merged with *dhwer- < *durV 'hole' q.v.)
Altaic: *t`ṓr[e]
Dravidian: *tōṛ-
References: ND 570 *duŕE 'camping-site, abode' (IE + Drav. + incorr. Turk. *jurt).
Eurasiatic: *dwVwV
Meaning: to run
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dewǝ-
Altaic: *t`ḕbà
Dravidian: *tāv-
Eurasiatic: *dwVwV
Meaning: time
Indo-European: *dow-
Altaic: *t`éba
Eurasiatic: *dʷirV
Meaning: tree, wood
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *deru̯-
Altaic: *t`i̯ór(g)e
Uralic: *tErkkV (in ND 2434 *ṭerVḲU 'tree, stick' which hardly exists); cf. also *tarkV, *tärjä , *torje )
Kartvelian: *dwire
Dravidian: SDr *tūr_- 'bushes' (added by Blazhek KM 32) [but maybe to *ṭVwrV q.v.]
References: ND 559a *d[u]rV 'woods, bush(es)' (Cush., Chad. + Drav.); ND 557 *dUrV 'log, stick' (Kartv. + IE *dhwer- 'door, gate' - in order to escape the obvious connection *dwire - *derw-! Note that in order to do it Dolg. has to separate *dhwer- 'door' and *dhwer- 'hole' - that are obviously identical and both correspond to Kartv. duro 'hole', see *durV. Under ND 2290 *t[o]Ru 'tree, log' he prefers to compare IE *derw- with Georg. taro 'shelf in the wall' (although final -o in Georg. undeniably points to a loanword and the semantics is bad). The Alt. reconstruction is also tampered with: Kor. and Jap. are still compared with IE, but TM *turga 'prop' is separated - only to avoid reconstructing PA *t`- - and compared, under 2433 *ṭURga 'extend, stretch, hold' with PIE *dergh-. All these manipulations are needed in order to avoid the "untraditional" correspondence Kartv. *dw- : IE *d- : Alt. *t`-...
Eurasiatic: *dʷVɣV
Meaning: fire
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *da(H)wĕ- (? + *t[ē]g(')- 'burn'?)
Altaic: *t`oge
Uralic: *tüɣV-tV ~ *tüwV-tV (*tä[ɣ]V(t) 'fire' (Halász NyK 23, 226) )
Kartvelian: *duɣ- (or *tutk-?) [also Georg. daɣ- 'brandmarken; braten'; ṭḳrec- 'an der Oberfläche verbrennen']
Dravidian: *tjī- ? (+ SDr *dik- 'fireplace')
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *tɣǝ(ɫ)- 'hot; to burn'
References: МССНЯ 337; ND 2250 *t[e]ɣw[a] 'fire' (Georg. daɣ- + Ur + Drav + dub. Manch. + Chad.); 2341 *ṭokVʔV ~ *ṭo[h](V)kV 'to burn, fire' (Kartv. tutk-, ṭḳrec- + Alt. *t`oge + Eg., ?Bj); a considerable confusion here.
Eurasiatic: *dʷVjɣV
Meaning: day, shine
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dei̯(u̯)- (cf. also *dhew- 1925)
Altaic: *t`uju ( ~ -o-)
Kartvelian: *deɣ- (*dɣe-)
Comments: IE *dei̯- may be alternatively compared with PK *te- 'light, shine', *te-n- 'to lighten'. Perhaps we have 2 IE roots after all.
References: ND 506 *da/owG/ɣV 'sun, day, morning' (Kartv. *dɣe- : IE *dhew- : Chad. *dVw-, Eg. dwꜣw); 2241 *tiʔu 'to shine, be bright, be seen' (Kartv. *te- : IE *dei(u)- : ? Eg. tꜣ).
Eurasiatic: *egV-[r]-
Meaning: mouth, lips, gums
Altaic: *ágà ( ~ e-)
Uralic: *ike(-ńe, -ne)
Dravidian: *eɣir_-
Comments: Cf. Aleut aɣa-luχ 'tooth', aɣa-lʁiχ 'mouth'.
Eurasiatic: *eli
Meaning: sufficient, complete
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *al-
Altaic: *éli
Dravidian: *el-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝlu-, *ǝlǝv-
Eurasiatic: *enV
Meaning: to suffer; pain
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ḗnV
Dravidian: *aṇ-aŋ-
Eurasiatic: *eńV
Meaning: elder brother/sister
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *an- <PIH *H->
Altaic: *ĕ́ńa
Uralic: *ańa (cf. also *anV(-ppV), *naje < *ana-je?, *enä)
Dravidian: *aṇ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝnine-
Eurasiatic: *erV
Meaning: to be
Indo-European: ? *rēy-
Altaic: *ĕ̀ra
Kartvelian: *r-, *ar-
Dravidian: *ir-/*er-
Eurasiatic: *ēco ( ~ -č-)
Meaning: weary, tired
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ēč`o
Dravidian: *asái
Eurasiatic: *ē̆da
Meaning: silly
Altaic: *ēda
Dravidian: *eḍḍ-
Eurasiatic: *ga
Meaning: get, obtain
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ghā-w-
Altaic: *ga
Kartvelian: *g-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 225, МССНЯ 356, ND 583 *gaʕu 'catch, take, receive'.
Eurasiatic: *gadV
Meaning: fixed time, to suit
Indo-European: *ghodh-
Altaic: *gòdè
Dravidian: *gàḍ-
References: ND 600 *gadV (+ Sem. and a few dub. Cush., Om., probably < Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *gagtV
Meaning: two, pair
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kat- / -e- ?
Altaic: *gằgtà
Uralic: *kakta ~ *käktä
Dravidian: *Kiṭ- ?
References: ND 607 *gaKt[ä] 'couple, one of a pair' (Alt.-Ur. + very dubious Om. and Eg.).
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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