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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *pek- / pk-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: молоть
English meaning: to grind
Georgian: pk(v)-; pkv-il- 'flour'
Megrel: k(v)-; k(v)-ir- 'flour'
Svan: pek
Svan meaning (Rus.): мука
Svan meaning (Eng.): flour
Laz: mk(v)-; mk-ir-, mkv-er-, pkv-er- 'flour'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 193-194, EWK 355-356. ?Ср. алт. *p`iāk`V 'тереть, пилить, полировать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pen- / pin-
Russian meaning: стлать
English meaning: to lay down
Georgian: pen-, pin-
Megrel: pin-
Svan: pīn-
Laz: (m)pin-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 189, EWK 353-354.
Proto-Kartvelian: *per-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: серый
English meaning: grey
Georgian: per-o
Megrel: pär-w
Notes and references: EWK 354. ? Ср. ностр. *boŕa 'серый, бурый' (ПИЕ *bher, алт. *boŕa, см. ОСНЯ 1, 183-184); или ПВК *būrV id. (NCED 313-314).
Proto-Kartvelian: *pertx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: трясти
English meaning: to shake
Georgian: pertx-
Megrel: partx-
Svan: ptx-, pǝtx-
Laz: patx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188, EWK 354-355. Ср. алт. *p`[ia]ru 'трясти(сь)', драв. *pir_- 'дрожать'. Картв. и драв. формы сопоставлены в Бомхард 1996, 149 (автор привлекает также ПИЕ *perk- ~ *perg- 'бояться', что весьма сомнительно). Неясна суффиксация в картвельском.
Proto-Kartvelian: *peš- / piš
Russian meaning: взрываться, лопаться с шумом
English meaning: to burst
Georgian: piš-piš-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Platzgeräusch beim Breikochen
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Platzgeräusch beim Breikochen
Megrel: pašk-, pešk-
Svan: pišg-, pšg-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188-189, EWK 356-357. ?Ср. ПИЕ *pes- 'надувать' (Pok. 823). С другой стороны, Бомхард (1997, 148) сравнивает с драв. *pa(y)- / *pac- 'делить, отделять'; сюда же можно привлечь алт. *p`isi 'ломать'. Ввиду экспрессивного характера корня все эти этимологии довольно сомнительны.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pet-
Russian meaning: пугать(ся)
English meaning: to scare, be scared
Georgian: pet-
Svan: pēt-
Notes and references: EWK 352-353.
Proto-Kartvelian: *petk-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: биться, взрываться
English meaning: to burst, break
Georgian: petk-
Megrel: partk-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): трепетать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to quiver
Svan: ptk-, pitk-
Svan meaning (Rus.): бить, расщеплять (betk- 'взрываться, вспыхивать')
Svan meaning (Eng.): to beat, split (betk- 'to burst, burst in flames')
Laz: patk-
Laz meaning (Rus.): биться, трепетать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to shake, quiver
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188, EWK 353. Ср. алт. *p`āt`V 'бить', ? ПИЕ *petǝ- 'бросаться, летать' (ср. Бщмхард 1996, 147, который привлекает также драв. *pat- 'спешить; дрожать, биться').
Proto-Kartvelian: *peṭw-
Russian meaning: просо
English meaning: millet
Georgian: peṭv-
Megrel: paṭ-
Svan: peṭw, päṭw
Laz: paṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188, EWK 355. ?Ср. алт. *budVkV 'каша'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pićx-
Russian meaning: хвоpост (сухой)
English meaning: dry firewood
Georgian: picx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вспыльчивый
Georgian meaning (Engl.): hot-tempered
Megrel: pičx-, perčx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): хвоpост (сухой)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): dry firewood
Laz: pičx-
Notes and references: Кл. Ср. алт. *bUč`V 'сохнуть (на огне, под солнцем)'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pimp-
Russian meaning: Maishaar, Ohrläppchen
English meaning: Maishaar, Ohrläppchen
Georgian: pimp-il-
Megrel: pimp-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): Maishaar
Laz: pimp-il-
Laz meaning (Rus.): борода ( < груз.?)
Laz meaning (Eng.): beard (< Georg.?)
Notes and references: EWK 357.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pin-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собака
English meaning: dog
Megrel: pin-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 366 сравнивается с урал. *penV 'собака', драв. *peṇ- 'самка'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pipin-
Russian meaning: разбухать, всходить (о жидкости при варке)
English meaning: to expand, to rise (of boiling liquid)
Georgian: pipin-
Megrel: pipin-
Notes and references: EWK 357 (*pin-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *pir(ś)ṭw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: легкие
English meaning: lungs
Georgian: pilṭv- (Old Georg. pirṭv-)
Megrel: pirṭv-, pižv-
Svan: ṗēršwd-a, ṗerešṭw-a
Laz: purpu
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 189, EWK 358. Сближение с ПВК *pHVrṭwV 'какой-то внутренний орган' (NCED 871) см. Климов 1964, 189, Климов 1972, 226.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pknar-
Russian meaning: зевать
English meaning: to yawn
Georgian: mtknar- (Old Georg. pknar-, m-pknar-)
Megrel: kir-, kil-
Laz: mkor-, nkor-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 134 (*mtknar-), EWK 365.
Proto-Kartvelian: *plet- / plit-
Russian meaning: тpепать(ся)
English meaning: to scutch, tear
Georgian: plet- / plit-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): тpепаться, раздирать(ся)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to tear (intr.)
Svan: pet- / pt-
Svan meaning (Rus.): тpепать (шеpсть)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to scutch
Laz: plat-
Laz meaning (Rus.): pазодpаться, pастеpзать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to tear (intr.)
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 358.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pol-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: копыто (кpупное)
English meaning: big hoof
Georgian: pol-, pol-o
Megrel: polo
Megrel meaning (Rus.): копыто, стопа
Megrel meaning (Eng.): hoof, foot
Svan: pol
Svan meaning (Rus.): копыто
Svan meaning (Eng.): hoof
Laz: (m)polo, mpulo
Laz meaning (Rus.): икpа, нижняя часть ноги
Laz meaning (Eng.): calf
Notes and references: EWK 358-359, Климов 1994, 143-144 (сопоставляет с ПИЕ *pōl- `большой палец (ноги, pуки)'); ср. еще ПВК *bɨ̆mɫV̆ 'копыто, нога' (NCED 307).
Proto-Kartvelian: *po(ś)tel-
Russian meaning: лист растения
English meaning: leaf of plant
Georgian: potel-, potol-
Svan: pošdel-
Svan meaning (Rus.): вид растения (Festuca)
Svan meaning (Eng.): a k. of plant (Festuca)
Notes and references: EWK 358.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: u-pro 'more', pri-ad- 'many'
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 348 основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *pǝlu 'много', *plē- 'больше', алт. *p`ölV 'избыток, лишнее', урал. *paljV 'много, густой' < ностр. *ṗalV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pRć-wn-
Russian meaning: очищать от шелухи, лущить
English meaning: to husk, to scale
Georgian: prckwn- (with a secondary -k-?)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): очищать от шелухи
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to husk
Megrel: purčon-; (also. purckon- < Georg.?)
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 360 (*prckwen-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *prcx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ноготь; чесать
English meaning: fingernail; to scratch
Georgian: prcx-, prčx-, prcxen-
Megrel: bircx-; pucxon-, pucxol-
Svan: cxa; cxēn-
Laz: bucx-; pucxol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 191, EWK 63-64 (*brcx-). В ОСНЯ 3, 70-77 возводится к ностр. *parä 'ноготь' (ПИЕ *per-, *perst- ( = картв. prcx-), драв. *ver-aḷ, алт. *pVrV); этимология кажется вполне вероятной, хотя есть фонетические неясности.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
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