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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *txip-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пачкать
English meaning: to dirty
Georgian: txip-
Megrel: txip-
Notes and references: EWK 173-174.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txleš- / txliš-
Russian meaning: шлепать, бить
English meaning: to slap, beat
Georgian: txleš-, txliš-, txlaš-
Megrel: txiraš-, txiriš-, txiroš-
Notes and references: EWK 174.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txow-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пpосить, жениться
English meaning: to ask; to marry
Georgian: txov-
Megrel: tx(w)-
Laz: tx(w)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 99 (*txo-), EWK 174.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭab-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: озеро, пруд
English meaning: lake, pool
Georgian: ṭb-a 'lake', ṭb-or- 'swamp'
Megrel: ṭob-a, ṭob-o
Megrel meaning (Rus.): глубокий (о водах)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): deep (of water)
Svan: ṭub 'ravine', ṭwib 'lake'
Laz: ṭob-a, ṭib-a
Laz meaning (Rus.): озеро, пруд
Laz meaning (Eng.): lake, pool
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 179, EWK 323.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кремень
English meaning: flint
Georgian: ṭal-
Svan: ṭol- ( < Megr. *ṭol-)
Notes and references: EWK 324. В МССHЯ 343 сопоставляется с алт. *tiōĺi 'камень'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭanṭal-
Russian meaning: плестись, шататься
English meaning: to stagger, trail
Georgian: ṭanṭal-
Megrel: ṭinṭol-
Svan: ṭǝrṭān- ?
Svan meaning (Rus.): шататься
Svan meaning (Eng.): to stagger
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 324.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭax-
Russian meaning: стучать, бить
English meaning: to knock, hit
Georgian: ṭax-un-
Megrel: ṭox(-un)-
Notes and references: EWK 324-325.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭen-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: набивать (туго)
English meaning: to stuff, pack (tight)
Georgian: ṭen-
Megrel: ṭiṭin-
Svan: ṭǝṭǝn-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 183 (*ṭṭen-), EWK 325.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭep-
Russian meaning: ремень, кора
English meaning: strap; bark
Georgian: ṭep- "leather strap", ṭep-a "bark, hide, sole"
Svan: ṭep-
Svan meaning (Rus.): березовая кора; ṭup 'кожа, шкура'; ṭp- 'сдирать шкуру'
Svan meaning (Eng.): birch bark; ṭup 'skin, hide'; ṭp- 'to skin'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 180; EWK 326. В Фенрих 1980, 180 сван. ṭup- сравнивается с груз. ṭvip- 'густой воздух' (?).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭep- / ṭp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: греть(ся)
English meaning: to warm, keep warm
Georgian: tb-, Old Georg. ṭp-, ṭep-
Megrel: ṭǝb-, ṭib-
Svan: ṭeb-id-, ṭb-id-
Laz: ṭub-, ṭib-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 179-180, EWK 326. Ср. ПИЕ *tep- 'греть(ся)', алт. *t`epV 'греть, жечь' (МССHЯ 338). Вопреки [Климов 1994, 139-143] исключительно трудно представить данный корень как заимствование из ПИЕ.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭew-
Russian meaning: нападать, драться
English meaning: to attack, fight
Georgian: ṭev-, ṭi-
Svan: ṭēw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): ссориться, громко говорить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to quarrel, talk loudly
Notes and references: EWK 325.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭew-
Russian meaning: оставлять, отпускать
English meaning: to leave, let go
Georgian: ṭov-, Old Georg. ṭew-
Megrel: ṭa-l-
Laz: ? ṭal-
Laz meaning (Rus.): смешиваться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to mix (intr.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 180.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭewr-
Russian meaning: чаща, густой темный лес
English meaning: thicket, dark forest
Georgian: ṭevr-
Svan: li-ṭawr-e
Notes and references: EWK 325.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭex-
Russian meaning: ломать
English meaning: to break
Georgian: ṭex-
Megrel: ṭax-, ṭex-
Svan: la-ṭx-i
Svan meaning (Rus.): Meissel
Svan meaning (Eng.): chisel
Laz: ṭax-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 180-181, EWK 327-328.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭi-
Russian meaning: содержать, вмещать
English meaning: to contain
Georgian: ṭe-, ṭi-
Megrel: (n)ṭi(r)-, ṭr-
Laz: (n)ṭi(r)-, (n)ṭi(n)-, (n)ṭr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 180. В МССHЯ 333 сближается с урал. *tärV 'вмещать(ся)'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiḳ- (?*ṭliḳ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быстро убегать
English meaning: to run away quickly
Georgian: ṭiḳ-n- 'to gallop' (dial.); ṭliḳ-in- (Pshav.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): идти большими шагами
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to take long strides
Megrel: ṭi(r)ḳ-on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181 (*ṭiḳwn-), EWK 333-334.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭi(n)ṭw-
Russian meaning: губа
English meaning: lip
Georgian: ṭuṭur-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): губы
Georgian meaning (Engl.): lips
Laz: ṭi(m)ṭvir
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181 (без реконструкции).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiṭ-
Georgian: ṭiṭa
Georgian meaning (Rus.): тюльпан
Georgian meaning (Engl.): tulip
Megrel: ṭaṭa
Megrel meaning (Rus.): цветок
Megrel meaning (Eng.): flower
Notes and references: Ср. ПВК *ṭVṭV 'цветок' (NCED 1006).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiṭw-el-
Russian meaning: голый
English meaning: naked
Georgian: ṭiṭvel-
Megrel: ṭuṭel-
Svan: ṭinṭi-, ṭiṭam-
Laz: ṭe(n)ṭel-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiw-
Russian meaning: плот
English meaning: raft
Georgian: ṭiv-
Megrel: ṭiw-
Svan: ṭiw
Notes and references: Климов 1972, 354. Там же предполагается заимствование из нахского (ср. ПH *ṭēwi 'мост' < ПВК *ṭwēlʔe 'палка, бревно', NCED 1006).
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

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