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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *rug(')-
Meaning: upper clothes
Germanic: *rukk-a- m.
Celtic: OIr rucht `tunica'
Russ. meaning: верхняя одежда
References: WP II 374
Proto-IE: *rug-i-
Meaning: rye
Slavic: *rъžь
Baltic: *rug-i- c., *rug-ia- c.
Germanic: *rug-i-z c.; *rugg-n=
Russ. meaning: растение (злак - рожь)
References: WP II 374 f
Proto-IE: *rū-
Meaning: to heap up
Slavic: *rɨ̄tī; *rūšītī, *rɨ̄xlъ(jь); *rūšītī
Germanic: *riu-s-t=, *rū-s-t-i- adj., *ru-s-a- n., *ru-s-il-a- m., etc.
Latin: ob-ruo, -rutus `to heap up'; rutus, -ūs m. `das Aufschlagen'; rutrum `Grabscheit, Schaufel', rutābulum `Ofenschaufel'
Russ. meaning: валить, наваливать, сгребать в кучу
References: WP II 351 f
Comments: Cf. similar roots: *(o)rewǝ- `move, agitate', *(o)rū- 'dig', with natural contaminations.
Proto-IE: *rū-
Meaning: (spring) wool, fleece
Slavic: *rūno
Germanic: *rū(g)w-i- adj., *rū(g)w-ian- vb., *raww-ṓ f., *raww-á- m., *ruww-a- adj., *riu(g)w=, *rū(g)w-iōn- f.
Russ. meaning: шерсть (весенняя), овечья шкура
References: WP II 351 f (differently in Pok. and Vasm.; in general - dubious, because both Slavic and Germ. forms can reflect *rouk- 'rough').
Proto-IE: *rūb-
Meaning: toad, fish, caterpillar
Slavic: *rɨ̄́bā
Germanic: *rūp-ō(n-) f., *rū̆ps=
Latin: rubēta f. `Kröte'
Russ. meaning: жаба (жаба, рыба, гусеница)
References: WP II 351 f
Proto-IE: *rw-ot-, *wr-ot- ?
Meaning: oath
Old Indian: {urvāta- n. `Bestimmung, Gebot'} vratá- n. `will, command, rule, usage, custom'
Avestan: urvata- n. `Bestimmung', urvāti- 'Gelübde'
Slavic: *rotā
Baltic: *rat-ā̂
Russ. meaning: клятва
References: Fraenkel 702
Proto-IE: *sag-
Meaning: coat, cloak
Baltic: *sag-iā̃, *sag-s-t=, *seg-en-iā̃ f.
Latin: sagum, -ī n.; sagus, -ī m. `viereckiges Stück groben Wolltuchs als Umwurf, bes. Soldatenmantel'
Russ. meaning: плащ, накидка
References: WP II 448
Proto-IE: *saidh-
Meaning: prickly plant/animal
Old Indian: sedhā f. 'hedgehog or porcupine'
Old Greek: haimó-s m. (Aesch.) = drǖmós, 'Dickicht, Gebüsch'
Baltic: *saĩd-ia- c., *said-r-ā̂ f., saĩd-r-a- c., -ia- c.
Russ. meaning: колючее растение/животное
References: Fraenkel 755
Proto-IE: *sAik-
Meaning: vessel (measure)
Baltic: *seĩk-a-, *saĩk-a-, *sī̃k-a- c., *seîk-s-n-ia- c.
Germanic: *sáix-a- m., *sáix-an- m., *sáix-adl-a- n.
Russ. meaning: сосуд (мерный)
References: WP II 465 f
Proto-IE: *saim-
Meaning: thick liquid
Old Greek: hâi̯ma n. `(flüssiges) Blut'
Germanic: *saim-a- m., n., *saim-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: густая жидкость
References: WP II 464 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *saip-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fence, to fence
Old Greek: hai̯masiǟ́ f. `Umfriedigung, Zaun, Mauer'
Latin: saepēs (/saeps), gen. -is f. `Zaun, Gehege; Vermachung'; saepiō, saepsī, -ptum, -īre `umzäune, umschliesse, bedecke, verwahre'; prae-saepēs, -is f. `Krippe; Stall'
Russ. meaning: забор; ставить забор
References: WP II 445 f
Proto-IE: *sait-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: rope, cord, net
Slavic: *sētь
Baltic: *saĩt-a- n., *saît-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., -ia- c., *seĩt-a- c.
Latin: saeta f. `Borste; Angelschnur'
Russ. meaning: веревка, шнур, сеть
References: WP II 463 f
Comments: Cf. *sey- 'tie' (but *a is unclear).
Proto-IE: *saitl-
Meaning: lifetime
Latin: saeculum, -ī n. `Geschlecht; Zeitalter, Zeit, Zeitgeist; Jahrhundert; Welt'
Celtic: *saitlo- > Gaul Deae Setloceniae; Cymr hoedl `Lebensdauer', OBret hoetl `Lebensdauer', Bret hoazl `Lebensdauer'
Russ. meaning: век, продолжительность жизни поколения
References: WP II 459 f
Proto-IE: *sak(')-
Meaning: sacred
Hittite: saklai- c. 'Brauch, Sitte; Gewohnheit, Art; Ritus' (Friedrich 176)
Tokharian: B sākre 'blissful, happy; blessed, auspicious' (Adams 680)
Germanic: *sax-t-i- c., *sax-t-a- adj.
Latin: sacer, -cra `heilig, geweiht'; sacerdōs, gen. -dōtis m./f. `Priester'; sanciō, sānxī, sānctum, -īre 'durch religiöse Weihe unverletzig m., heiligen; ein Gesetz bestätigen'; sagmen, -inis n. `der heiligende, auf der Burg gepflückte und die Fetialen auf der Gesandtschaft unverletzlich machende Grasbüschel'; sāmenentum, -ī n. `ein Stück Fell, das der Flamen beim Eintritt in die Stadt auf seine Mütze steckt'
Other Italic: Osk sakoro `sacra (?), acc. sakrím `hostiam', abl. sakrid; sakruvit `sacrat', sakrvist `sacrābit', sakarater `sacrātur', sakraítir `sacrētur', sakrannus `sacrandās', sakahíter `sanciātur, sacrificētur', sakasias `*sacrāriae', sakaraklúm `sacellum, templum'; Paelign sacaracirix `*sacrātrīx, sacerdōs'; Umbr sakra `sacrās', sacre `sacrum'; sacri- `aufs Opfer bezüglich, hostia'
Russ. meaning: освященный, святой
References: WP II 448
Proto-IE: *sAk-
Meaning: a k. of marsh plant (sedge)
Slavic: *osokā
Germanic: *sáx-r-a- m., *sag-ja- m., *sag-jō(n-) f.
Celtic: *se(k)skā 'segde, reed' > Ir seisg `Binse'; Cymr hesg, sg. hesgen `carex', OCorn heschen `canna, arundo', Bret hesk `Schwentel od. Schilf mit schneidenden Blättern'
Russ. meaning: растение (осока)
References: WP II 474 f
Proto-IE: *sal-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: salt, salty
Tokharian: B salyiye 'salt' (Adams 678)
Armenian: aɫ `Salz' (i-St.), aɫt (i-St.) `Salzlager', Salz, aɫi `salzig'
Old Greek: hál-s, gen. hal-ós m. `Salz', f. poetische Benennung des Meeres; hali- (в сложениях); hálmǟ f. `Salzwasser, Salzlake'
Slavic: *solь, *solnъ(jь); *soldъkъ(jь)
Baltic: *sal̂- vb. intr., *sal-jā̂ f., *iñ-sal-a- c., *sal̂-d-u- (2) adj., *sal-i-, *sā̃l-i- c.
Germanic: *sal-t-a- n., *sal-t-a- adj., *sal-t-a- vb., *sul-t-(i)ō f., *sul-t-ia- adj.; *sul-jō(n-) f.; *sul-u- c., *sul-ō f.
Latin: sāl, gen. salis m.; sale, sal n. `Salz, Salzkörner'; sallō, salsus, sallere `salzen'
Other Italic: Umbr acc. salu `salem'
Celtic: OIr salann; Cymr halen, OCorn haloin, Bret c'hoalenn, holen `Salz'
Russ. meaning: соль, соленый
References: WP II 452 f
Comments: Probably same as *sal- 'sea waves'.
Proto-IE: *sAl-
Meaning: to pass, to send
Slavic: *sъlātī, *sъljǭ; *sъlъ
Germanic: *sal-ja- vb., *sal-ō(n-) f., *sal-a- n., m.
Russ. meaning: передавать, посылать
References: WP II 504 f
Proto-IE: *sal-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to jump
Tokharian: A, B säl- 'throw off, throw down; let fall, drop; arise, fly' (Adams 686 f)
Old Greek: hállomai̯, aor. hǟlámǟn; hǟlómǟn (inf. halésthai), ep. álto, álmenos, conj. háletai̯ `springen, hüpfen'; hálma n. `Sprung', hálsi-s f. `das Springen'
Latin: saliō, -īre, saluī/saliī, -ītum `springen, hüpfen', saltus, -ūs m. `Sprung', salāx, -āci s `geil, geil machend'
Russ. meaning: прыгать
References: WP II 505
Proto-IE: *sal- / -e- (Gr s-)
Meaning: sea waves
Old Greek: sálo-s m. `unruhige Bewegung des Meeren, Wogenschwall; Ankerplatz, Reede'
Baltic: *sal-u- c.
Germanic: *síl-ɵ=
Latin: salum, -ī (/ salus m.) `unruhiger Seegang, hohe See; Meer'
Celtic: MIr sāl, gen. saile `Meer'
Russ. meaning: морское волнение
References: WP II 454; probably same as *sal- 'salt' (somewhat different in Pok.).
Proto-IE: *salǝk(')-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: willow
Germanic: *sálx-a-/*salg-á- m., *sálx-ō f., *sálx-iōn- f.
Latin: salix, gen. -icis f. `Weide'
Celtic: MIr sail, gen. sa(i)lech; Cymr helyg-en
Russ. meaning: дерево (ива)
References: WP II 453 f
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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