Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50 100
\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k(')Ap-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: harbour
Germanic: *xab-á- n.; *xab-an-ō f.; *xabb-ō f.
Celtic: Ir cuan `(See-)Hafen'
Russ. meaning: причал, гавань
References: Buck 37, 39.
Proto-IE: *kap-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to take, to seize, to catch
Slavic: *xopītī, *xāpītī, *xāpātī; *xābītī; *xǭpātī (> ChSl chąpati 'fassen, ergreifen')
Baltic: *kap=, *kamp- vb. tr.
Germanic: *xab-á-, *xab-ḗ- vb.; *xab-já-/*xáf-ja- vb., *xab-ṓ(n-) f.; *xaf-t-a-, *xaft-u- n.; *xaft-ia- n.; *xaf-sk-ō- vb., *xab-ī́g=/*xab-úg=, *xē[f]-ia-
Latin: capiō, capere, cēpī, captum `fassen, (er)greifen, nehmen', captus, -a `Dienerin, Sklavin'
Celtic: Gaul Moeni-captus; OIr cacht `Dienerin, Sklavin', MIr cachtaim `nehme gefangen', Cymr caeth `Sklave', OCorn caid `captivus', Bret keaz `unglücklich, arm'
Albanian: kap `ergreife, fasse'
Russ. meaning: брать, хватать, ловить
References: WP I 342 f
Proto-IE: *k'Ap-
Meaning: to curse
Hittite: kappilahh- (I) 'seinen Hass (Ärger) austoben', kappilai- (I) 'aufhetzen', kappilalli- 'verhasst', h.l. kapilali- 'feindlich' (Tischler 492-493)
Tokharian: B kapille 'fever, illness' (rather here than, as Adams 140, to *kap- 'take')
Old Indian: śapati 'to curse, swear'
Russ. meaning: проклинать
Proto-IE: *k'ap- ?
Meaning: hair
Old Indian: śipra- m., śíprā f. {Kopfhaar, Haaraufsatz} `(sg.) nose; (du.) cheeks; (pl.) visors of a helmet'
Baltic: *čep- vb. intr.
Latin: capillus, -ī `Haar, bes. Haupt- und Barthaar' (ср. также pl. caprōnae f. `das vorhängende Stirnhaar der Pferde und Menschen')
Russ. meaning: волосы (на голове)
References: WP I 346 f
Proto-IE: *k'Ap- (-ph-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hoof (of perissodactyles)
Old Indian: śaphá- m. `hoof'
Avestan: safa- m. 'Huf des Pferdes'
Slavic: *kopɨ̄to `копыто (нераздвоенное)'
Baltic: ? *kanā̂p-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xṓf-a- m.
Russ. meaning: копыто (нераздвоенное)
References: WP I 346
Proto-IE: *kap-, -b-
Meaning: a k. of bird of prey
Slavic: *kobьcь
Germanic: *xab-uk-a- m.
Latin: capys/capus `ein Raubvogel, Falke (?) oder Habicht (?)'
Celtic: OIr ul-chaochán `Eule'
Russ. meaning: птица (среднего роста хищная)
References: WP I 34 f
Proto-IE: *kapr-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: he-goat, wild boar
Old Indian: ? kápr̥th- m. `membrum virile'
Old Greek: kápro-s m. `Eber, Wildschwein'
Germanic: *xa[f]r-a- m.
Latin: caper, -prī m. `Ziegenbock, Bock (meist kastriert); Bockgestank', capra f. `Ziege'
Other Italic: Umbr kabru, kaprum `caprum'
Celtic: OIr gabor `caper'; Cymr usw. gafr `Ziege'; Gaul ON. Gabro-sentum `Geisspfad' (< kelt. *gabro-) (со звонкостью по козам?)
Russ. meaning: скот (козел)
References: WP I 347 f
Proto-IE: *kaput-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: head
Old Indian: *kaput- `head' in kapúc-chala- n. `tuft of hair on the hind part of the head'
Germanic: *xa(u)b-Vd-a- m., n.
Latin: caput, -itis n. `Haupt, Kopf, Spitze, Kuppe, Hauptsache, -stadt'
Russ. meaning: голова
References: WP I 346 f
Proto-IE: *k'ar-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: rope, cord
Armenian: pl. sari-kh, gen. sareach, instr. sareōch `Band, Schnur'; sard (i-St.) `Spinne'
Old Greek: kâi̯ro-s Ben. einer Schnur od. Schlinge, durch die Kettenfäden hindurchgesteckt und am Kettenstab befestigt wurden; kárōsi-s = tôu stḗmonos hoi sǘndesmoi
Russ. meaning: веревка
References: WP I 409 f
Proto-IE: *kar-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hazel; hazel-, earth-nut
Old Indian: karaka- m. `cocoa-nut shell' (L.)
Old Greek: kárüo-n n. `Nuss', karǘā `Nussbaum, bes. Hasel, Corylus avellana'
Latin: carīna f. `Nussschale, Schiffskiel, Schiff'
Celtic: OIr curar, MIr cularān `Gurke, Erdnuss'; Cymr cylor, MBret coloren, NBret kēler `Erdnuss'
Russ. meaning: дерево (орех)
References: WP I 354 f
Proto-IE: *kar-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: tick, plant-louse, moth
Old Greek: kóri-s, -ios (/-idos)/-eōs m. (/f.) `Wanze, Cimex lectularius'; ? akarí n. 'kind of mite' (Arist.)
Slavic: *korь > Rus dial. волог. (Даль) ко́рь `моль, тля', пск. хорё́к `жучок, точащий дерево' ЭССЯ 11:127
Latin: carius (Gl.) `tinea', Rom > Rum cariu
Russ. meaning: насекомое (грызососущее)
References: WP I 410 f
Comments: Somewhat different in Pok.
Proto-IE: *kar- (kh-)
Meaning: stone, thorn; hard, rough
Tokharian: A tsär `rauh'
Old Indian: khára- `hard, harsh, rough, sharp'
Other Iranian: NPers xār, xārā 'Fels, Dorn'
Armenian: khar `Stein, Fels'
Old Greek: krănăó- 'rocky, rugged (in Hom. always in Ithaka); hard; stinging'; kárkharo- `beissend, bissig, scharf, rauh'
Celtic: OIr carrac f., OCymr carrec `Fels, Stein'
Russ. meaning: камень (острый), колючка; острый, шероховатый
References: WP I 355
Proto-IE: *k'ara-, *k'eras-, *k'rās-
Meaning: head
Hittite: harsar n. (r/n) 'Kopf', Luw., h.l. harmahi- id. (Tischler 184ff with doubts); kit-kar 'zu Häupten' (596-597)
Tokharian: B krāñi 'nape of the neck' (Adams 214)
Old Indian: śíraḥ n. (nom., acc. ) `head, skull', gen. śīrṣṇáḥ, abl. śīrṣatáḥ; śīrṣá- n. `head, upper part'
Avestan: sarah- n. 'Kopf'
Armenian: sar `Höhe, Gipfel, Abhang'
Old Greek: kárǟ n. `Kopf', ep. gen. karǟ́atos, dat. -ati, pl. -ara; gen. krǟ́atos/krǟ̂tos, dat. -ati, pl. -ata (old -s-stem); hom. epì kár `auf dem Kopf'; éŋkăro-s 'the brain'; íŋkro-s m. = eŋképhalos Hdn.Gr., Hsch.; aná-kar 'up to or towards the head' (Hp. ap. Hal.); kárǟno-n, pl. -a, äol. karanno-n n. `Haupt, Kopf, Bergsgipfel'; krǟnío-n n. `Schädel, Hirnschale; Kopf', -krǟno-n `Kopf' (epí-, potí- , olé-, kio(nó)etc.), krǟno-kopéō `den Kopf abhauen'
Germanic: *xir-z-n-iá- n., *xir-z-n-án- m., *xír-s-an- m.
Latin: cerebrum, -ī `Gehirn', cervīx, -īcis f. `Nacken, Genick'
Celtic: Bret kern `Scheitel, Wirbel des Kopfes'
Russ. meaning: голова
References: WP I 403 f
Comments: Cf. *k'era(w)-, *k'rū- #487 'horn'
Proto-IE: *kar[a]-, *kr[ā]-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to shout
Old Indian: carkarti, aor. ákārīt `to mention, praise, speak highly of'; carkr̥tí- f. `praising, glory', karkarí-, karkarī́- f. `a k. of lute', kīrtí- f. `mention, speech, report'; kārú- m. `one who sings or praises, poet'
Old Greek: karkái̯rō `erdröhnen ?' (Hom., Hsch.); kǟ́rǖk-s m. `Herold, Bote; Trompetenschnecke'
Baltic: *kerd- (-ja-) vb. tr., *kird-ī̂- vb., *kar̃d-a- c., *kard-u- adj.
Germanic: *xar-ē- vb., *xar-ō- vb., *xar-m-ia- vb.; *xrṓ-ɵ-īg-a- adj., *xrṓɵ-ia- m., *xrṓ-ɵr-a- m., *xrō-m-a- m.
Latin: carmen, -minis n. `Lied, Rezitation' (?)
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: WP I 353
Comments: Lat may be < *kanǝmen-.
Proto-IE: *kAr[e]d-, *krēd-
Meaning: stack, pile, roof
Slavic: *kordā `поленница; костер'
Germanic: *xrōt-a- n., ? *xrēt=, *xrōs-t-a- m.
Russ. meaning: поленница/крыша
References: WP I 485
Proto-IE: *kArǝk-
Meaning: arm, leg
Tokharian: ? A karke, B karāk (PT *kerāk-) 'branch' (Adams 142)
Slavic: *korkъ, *korākъ
Baltic: *kar̂k-ā̂ (1) f.
Russ. meaning: нога/рука (arm/leg)
References: WP I 488
Comments: Cf. *kersk- (perhaps the same root).
Proto-IE: *kArǝk'-
Meaning: old, decrepit
Old Indian: krśyati `to become lean, thin, emaciated', krśá- `lean, thin, emaciated'
Avestan: kǝrǝsa- `mager'
Slavic: *kъrsъ, *kъršъ
Baltic: *kar̂č- vb. intr.
Germanic: *xúrx-a- m.
Russ. meaning: старый, ветхий
References: WP I 420 f
Proto-IE: *k'arǝk-
Meaning: fenced place
Baltic: ? *čark-[s]-t-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xarug-a- m., *xarug-ō f.
Latin: carcer, -is m. `Umfriedigung, Kerker, Schranken, Ablaufstände im römischen Zirkus'
Russ. meaning: огороженное место
References: WH (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *karǝn-
Meaning: meat
Baltic: *skarund-ā̂ ??
Germanic: *xarun-d-a- n.
Latin: carō, gen. carnis f. `Fleisch', pl. carnēs `Fleischstücke', carni-fex m. `Scharfrichter, Henker'
Other Italic: Umbr karne `carne, Stück Fleisch', asec̨eta karne `non secta carne'
Russ. meaning: мясо
References: WP II 573 f
Proto-IE: *karǝp-, *krēp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: foot-wear
Old Greek: krēpī́s, -ī̂dos f. `Halbschuh, der ganz oder teilweise den oberen Teil des Fusses bedeckt; Grundlage, Sockel. Fundament, Einfassungsbau, Steindamm'
Slavic: *kъ́rpā usw. (о сапожниках)
Baltic: *kur̂p-iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *xrib-Vl=
Latin: carpisc(u)lum, -ī `Art Schuhwerk'
Celtic: OIr cairem `Schuhmacher' ( < *karpi̯amos); Cymr crydd, Corn chereor, Bret kere, kereour `ds.'
Russ. meaning: обувь
References: WP I 425
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50 100

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
2431223624
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov