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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *buṭ-
Meaning : basket, case
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : puṭṭil
Tamil meaning : quiver, sheath, basket, winnow
Malayalam : puṭṭil
Malayalam meaning : thick mat serving as receptacle or covering of the body
Kannada : puṭṭi, buṭṭi, buṭṭe
Kannada meaning : basket
Kannada derivates : (K2) puḍike, puḍuke basket, a case
Tulu : puṭṭi
Tulu meaning : small round basket
Tulu derivates : puḍayi, puḍāyi, buṭṭi basket
Number in DED : 4263
Proto-South Dravidian : *buv- (?)
Meaning : boiled rice
Kannada : buvva
Kannada meaning : boiled rice (in children's language)
Number in DED : 4311
Proto-South Dravidian : *bū-
Meaning : mould
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pūñcu, pūñcaṇam, pūñcaḷam
Tamil meaning : mould, mildew, cobweb
Tamil derivates : pūñcai cobweb; pūñci dust; (-pp-, -tt-) to become mouldy
Malayalam : pūkka
Malayalam meaning : to become mouldy
Malayalam derivates : pūppu mould
Kannada : būju, būje, būsi, būsu, būṣṭe
Kannada meaning : mould, mildew, mustiness
Tulu : būju, būcu, būci, pūŋkè
Tulu meaning : mould, mildew
Tulu derivates : (B-K) buguṭu mould formed on the surface of foodstuffs
Number in DED : 4357
Proto-South Dravidian : *būr-
Meaning : cotton tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : būra, būraga, būruga, būruge, būrla
Kannada meaning : silk-cotton tree, Bombax
Tulu : būruga, bōrada mara
Tulu meaning : Eriodendron anfractuosum
Number in DED : 4366
Proto-South Dravidian : *būt- (?)
Meaning : foul, obscene
Kannada : būtu
Kannada meaning : foul, shameless, obscene language; a shameless, obscene man
Number in DED : 4363
Proto-South Dravidian : *būṭ-
Meaning : trickery, boast, lie
Tamil : pūṭṭakam, pūṭṭakkam, pūṭṭāŋkam
Tamil meaning : vain pretension, boasting, guile, unsubstantial work
Tamil derivates : pūṭṭaŋkam guile, inveigling
Kannada : būṭa, būṭaka, būṭakatana, būṭāṭa
Kannada meaning : trickery, fraudulent display, lie
Tulu : būṭi, būṭu, būṭaŋga, būṭkatane
Tulu meaning : empty boast
Tulu derivates : būṭuni to boast, brag
Number in DED : 4359
Proto-South Dravidian : *būẓ-
Meaning : quail
Tamil : pūẓ
Tamil meaning : quail, jungle fowl
Tamil derivates : pūẓān_ Indian partridge, jungle fowl; kur_um-pūẓ quail
Kannada : burli, burali, buruli
Kannada meaning : quail
Tulu : kudumbulu
Tulu meaning : quail
Proto-Nilgiri : *-bǝr-
Notes : Since the root has been mostly used in compound forms as the second component, the auslaut consonant has been subject to specific, untrivial developments.
Number in DED : 4374
Proto-South Dravidian : *būẓC-
Meaning : down, feather
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : pūṭa
Malayalam meaning : down of birds, wool, fine hair
Tulu : (?) puḷḷe
Tulu meaning : (B-K) plume, feather
Proto-Nilgiri : *bū(ṛ)
Notes : Tulu puḷḷe could likewise be compared with several other roots, including *puḷ- 'bird', etc. However, the Malayalam and Kota forms are quite comparable if we consider that the inlaut of the root contains an untrivial cluster (phoneme?)
Number in DED : 4358
Proto-South Dravidian : *cad-ai-/*cad-i-
Meaning : to destroy; to crush
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cati (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to destroy, kill
Tamil derivates : catāvu (catāvi-) to be shattered or broken, be rotten, decayed; catai (-v-, -nt-) to be bruised, crushed; (-pp-, -tt-) to crush, bruise, mash; tatai (-v-, -nt-) to be shattered, made fruitless; tatar (-v-, -nt-) to be crushed
Malayalam : cata
Malayalam meaning : a bruise
Malayalam derivates : catayuka to be bruised, squashed; catekka to squash, crush, pound, bray; catuŋŋuka to be crushed, compressed, beaten into another shape; catukkuka to bruise, macerate; catukku a bruise
Kannada : sadaku
Kannada meaning : to beat
Kannada derivates : sade, sadi to pound to some extent, bruise, squash, crush; caccu, ceccu, jajju to strike, bruise, crush; tadaku, taduku, tade to strike, beat
Tulu : cade
Tulu meaning : severe fighting, destruction of life
Tulu derivates : sadi striking, beating; sadevuni to get hardened, wear away as an earthen vessel; jajjuni to bruise, squash, pound
Proto-Nilgiri : *cad-/*cac-
Number in DED : 2322
Proto-South Dravidian : *Caḷ-i
Meaning : catarrh, mucus
Tamil : caḷi
Tamil meaning : catarrh, mucus blown out of the nose, phlegm
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to catch cold; caḷippu catarrh
Malayalam : caḷi
Malayalam meaning : mucus; semen
Number in DED : 2409
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cap-
Meaning : leaves
Tamil : cuppal, cuppi
Tamil meaning : twigs
Tamil derivates : uval, uvalai twigs and sprays, dried leaves
Malayalam : cappu
Malayalam meaning : leaf, esp. plantain leaf
Malayalam derivates : tōl green leaves, small branches, shrubs (?)
Kannada : sappu, soppu, tappala, toppala, toppalu, toval
Kannada meaning : all green leaves of plants in general, foliage, a herb, greens, covering, bark
Kannada derivates : tovaltu having put forth new leaves; sabbige, sabbe a slender branch of a tree or shrub; jabbalu a grassy place
Kodagu : cappala
Kodagu meaning : leaf
Kodagu derivates : toppɨ small leaves
Tulu : coppu, soppu, tappu
Tulu meaning : leaf, foliage, greens
Tulu derivates : tappoliyuni to be covered with foliage
Proto-Nilgiri : *sup
Miscellaneous : KURU (LSB) tovlɨ leaves
Notes : Two or three roots, contaminated beyond hope.
Number in DED : 2673
Proto-South Dravidian : *cavVt-
Meaning : cucumber
Kannada : savute, saute, savate, savati, savunte
Kannada meaning : a kind of cucumber, Cucumis utilissimus Roxb.
Kodagu : cavte
Kodagu meaning : cucumber
Tulu : sautè, savutè, tautè, tavutè
Tulu meaning : cucumber
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) cāvu, (T) tavnte cucumber
Number in DED : 2399
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cā-
Meaning : to stretch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cāṭu (cāṭi-)
Tamil meaning : (?) to stretch out as the arms and legs from lassitude
Malayalam : cāmpu
Malayalam meaning : length, stretch
Kannada : cācu
Kannada meaning : to stretch out, hold out, extend, stretch forth, put out as the hand, etc.
Kannada derivates : cāpu stretch, length, extent; jambu length; jāgisu to stretch or raise (the body to its full extent); jāpu the measure of a long stride; sāgu to lengthen, extend; dāpu stretch, etc.; the measure of a stride
Kodagu : cāc- (cāci-)
Kodagu meaning : to stretch out (hand), straighten
Kodagu derivates : cāñjë (past verbal adj. of *cāy-, cāñj- to be straight) straight
Tulu : cācuni
Tulu meaning : to stretch out, hold out
Number in DED : 2433
Proto-South Dravidian : *ceḍ-i
Meaning : thunder; light(ning)
Tamil : ceṭi
Tamil meaning : light, splendour
Kannada : siḍil
Kannada meaning : shaft of lightning, thunderbolt
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) seḍilu thunder; (Kumta; U.P.U.) ceḍlu thunder
Kodagu : tëḍɨ
Kodagu meaning : thunder
Kodagu derivates : tëḍɨ minn- to lighten
Tulu : teḍilụ, śeḍilụ
Tulu meaning : thunder, thunderbolt, thunderclap
Tulu derivates : teḍilụ-meñci flash of lightning
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) ceḍlɨ thunder
Number in DED : 2759
Proto-South Dravidian : *cegiḷ-
Meaning : skin of fruit
Tamil : cekiḷ
Tamil meaning : skin or rind of fruit, fish-scales
Number in DED : 2751
Proto-South Dravidian : *cek- (?)
Meaning : country wine
Kannada : sekke
Kannada meaning : (Bell.; U.P.U.) country wine
Number in DED : 2749
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ceḷ-
Meaning : twig, stick
Kannada : seḷe
Kannada meaning : twig, small branch, stick, rod, also one for training or punishing children; vb. to cane with a stick
Kannada derivates : caḷḷu, ceḷu, ceḷḷu, seḷḷu a long flexible twig or rod
Kodagu : jaḷe
Kodagu meaning : long thin pliable stick
Kodagu derivates : (jaḷev-, jaḷand-) to sway like a long pliable stick; jaḷa- (jaḷap-, jaḷat-) to make sway
Tulu : cilè, śilè
Tulu meaning : a fishing-rod
Proto-Nilgiri : *Seḷ
Notes : Unclear root, maybe a contamination of two different roots (thus, Kodagu points to a voiced affricate, while Kannada has a voiceless one).
Number in DED : 2790
Proto-South Dravidian : *ceḷ-
Meaning : to draw, pull
Kannada : seḷe
Kannada meaning : to draw, pull, pull off, rob, pull about, (also saḷe) rush forward with impetuosity (as the water of a stream or river); n. pulling, pulling off, robbing, force of a stream
Tulu : seḷè
Tulu meaning : force
Number in DED : 2791
Proto-South Dravidian : *cel- (*s-)
Meaning : spring
Kannada : sele
Kannada meaning : spring, fountain-head
Number in DED : 2785
Proto-South Dravidian : *cepp- (*k-)
Meaning : to say
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ceppu (ceppi-)
Tamil meaning : to say, speak, declare, tell; n. speech, word, answer, reply
Tamil derivates : ceppal saying, replying, declaring
Malayalam : ceppuka
Malayalam meaning : to say, (dog) growls when snatching at something
Number in DED : 1955
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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