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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇaŋ-
Meaning : offspring
Tamil : aṇaŋku
Tamil meaning : young offspring
Kannada : aṇuga
Kannada meaning : son
Kannada derivates : aṇugi daughter
Notes : A Tamil-Kannada isogloss; if the second syllable goes back to a "strong" (accented) suffix, both forms may be historically derived from *aṇ- "elder (brother)".
Number in DED : 0113
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇaŋ- (?)
Meaning : neck, jaw
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṇal
Tamil meaning : neck, side of the upper jaw, chin, throat, windpipe, beard, dewlap
Tamil derivates : aṇar, aṇari side of the upper jaw; aṇār neck
Malayalam : aṇa
Malayalam meaning : jaw, hinder part of jaw
Malayalam derivates : aṇa-ppallu grinder, double tooth; aṇal jaw, hinder part of mouth; aṇali viper; aṇṇāṭi cheekbone; aṇṇi inside of the cheek, joint of jaws
Kannada : aṇal
Kannada meaning : under part of the mouth, the mouth
Proto-Nilgiri : *aṇǝg
Notes : A complex case. Most of the forms can be traced back to PSDR *aṇal, although ones like Tam. aṇa-r, Mal. aṇṇi suggest the -l may be suffixal. However, the Proto-Nilgiri form, as is seen from the Kota evidence, is *aṇǝg- < *aṇV[ŋ]g-, and in the Nilgiri languages it is only found within the compound *aṇǝg-pal 'molar tooth'. This makes me suspect that the original form may indeed have been *aṇVŋ-, and everything but Kota aṇg actually represents later modifications of the protostem as it kept merging with additional suffixes.
Number in DED : 0114
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇā-
Meaning : deceit; to deceive
Tamil : aṇāppu (aṇāppi-)
Tamil meaning : to deceive
Tamil derivates : aṇāppi a deceitful woman
Malayalam : aṇappu
Malayalam meaning : deceit, trickery, fraud
Notes : Not found outside of Tamil-Malayalam.
Number in DED : 0115
Proto-South Dravidian : *anc-
Meaning : edge, brim
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : an_su
Tamil meaning : selvage, edge of a cloth (< Te.)
Kannada : añcu
Kannada meaning : edge, brim, boundary, bank, shore, selvage, border, skirt
Proto-Nilgiri : *a(n)c
Number in DED : 0057
Proto-South Dravidian : *ancal ~ *anci
Meaning : relay, post
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : añcal
Tamil meaning : relay, resting place on a journey, letter post
Tamil derivates : añci letter post
Malayalam : añcal
Malayalam meaning : letter post
Kannada : añce
Kannada meaning : a postal road, stage, relay, the post
Tulu : añcal
Tulu meaning : the post
Tulu derivates : añcidāye postman
Number in DED : 0054
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍ-
Meaning : anus, buttocks
Tamil : aṇṭu-taḷḷukai
Tamil meaning : prolapsus ani
Tamil derivates : (Tinn.) aṇṭi anus
Kannada : aṇḍu
Kannada meaning : a buttock, the buttocks, yoni of children, bottom of a vessel
Tulu : aṇḍụ
Tulu meaning : the buttocks
Notes : A SDR isogloss of unclear origin. For the second component of the Tamil form see PSDR *taḷ- 'to push'.
Number in DED : 0129
Proto-South Dravidian : *and-
Meaning : to meet; reach
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : attu (atti-)
Tamil meaning : to reach
Kannada : andu
Kannada meaning : to meet with or suffer, reach, get at, obtain, be within reach
Notes : The Tamil stem formally looks like a transitive correlate, reflecting the original opposition *and- ~ *at-. However, it can also be explained through contamination with *at- 'unite, join'.
Number in DED : 0149
Proto-South Dravidian : *and-
Meaning : a small insect
Tamil : antu
Tamil meaning : a small grey-winged insect found in stored paddy
Kannada : andi, andihuẓa
Kannada meaning : a small grey and winged insect that infests grain, Tinea oryzella
Notes : A Tamil-Kan. isogloss with different stem endings (*and- in Tamil, *andi in Kan.). Kan. andi-huẓa < *andi-puẓa "andi-insect", but even if the andi- part goes back to some kind of attribute, we still do not know the etymology.
Number in DED : 0150
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍai
Meaning : squirt, vessel for milking
Tamil : aṇṭai
Tamil meaning : squirt for festival occasions
Kannada : aṇḍe
Kannada meaning : vessel made of a hollow bamboo, etc., generally with a handle
Tulu : aṇḍè
Tulu meaning : vessel made of hollow bamboo or nutshell, vessel of a toddy-drawer for putting toddy in
Proto-Nilgiri : *anḍä
Notes : SDR only; possibly related to *aṇai ~ *anḍai "approach, join" (i. e. a vessel that closely adheres to smth.).
Number in DED : 0130
Proto-South Dravidian : *andaṇa-
Meaning : brahman
Tamil : antaṇan_
Tamil meaning : brahman
Tamil derivates : antaṇmai, antaṇamai, antaṇattuvam brahmanhood
Malayalam : antaṇan
Malayalam meaning : brahman
Notes : A Tamil-Malayalam isogloss. Possibly connected to some of the existing Dravidian kinship terms like *ata-, but there are no exact consonantism matches to prove this.
Number in DED : 0148
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍa-r
Meaning : shepherds
Tamil : aṇṭar, iṇṭar
Tamil meaning : shepherds
Malayalam : aṇṭar
Malayalam meaning : shepherds
Notes : The -r is presumably a plural suffix, but the Tamil-Malayalam isogloss itself has no etymology.
Number in DED : 0125
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍi
Meaning : mango stone
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṇṭi-kkoṭṭai
Tamil meaning : cashew-nut
Malayalam : aṇṭi
Malayalam meaning : kernel, stone of mango, etc., nut, scrotum
Kodagu : māŋge āṇḍi
Kodagu meaning : mango stone
Tulu : aṇḍi
Tulu meaning : kernel of mangoes, etc.
Notes : For Tam. -kkoṭṭai see PSDR *koṭai. Vowel length in Koḍagu is quite baffling, possibly a mistranscription.
Number in DED : 0126
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍigai
Meaning : pannier or pack
Kannada : aṇḍige
Kannada meaning : one pannier or pack, half a bullock load
Notes : A word of unclear origin; the only parallels are in Telugu.
Number in DED : 0127
Proto-South Dravidian : *anḍi-punār
Meaning : a k. of evergreen tree
Kannada : andipunāru-mara
Kannada meaning : an evergreen tree, Carallia integerrima Merr.
Tulu : aṇḍiṇārụ, aṇḍipuṇārụ
Tulu meaning : C. integerrima
Notes : A lone Kannaḍa-Tulu isogloss with typical "plant irregularities". For the second part of the compound cf. Tamil puṇar 'newness' and other SDR forms for 'new'. The first part remains unclear.
Number in DED : 0128
Proto-South Dravidian : *and-/*čand-
Meaning : beauty
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cantam
Tamil meaning : beauty, colour, shape, form, pleasure, happiness, manners, habits
Tamil derivates : antam beauty, comeliness
Malayalam : cantam
Malayalam meaning : beauty, elegance
Malayalam derivates : antam beauty
Kannada : canda, cenda
Kannada meaning : pleasing, beautiful, lovely, charming, propriety, fitness, niceness, beauty; appearance, shape, form, kind, manner
Kannada derivates : anda fitness, beauty, pleasantness; suitable, nice or good form or manner, array, manner, form, nature, faculty
Tulu : canda
Tulu meaning : beauty, elegance
Tulu derivates : anda form, shape, beauty, elegance, handsomeness, symmetry; purport; beautiful, pretty; andacanda very handsome, pleasant
Number in DED : 2328
Proto-South Dravidian : *andug-
Meaning : clearing nut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : andugu
Kannada meaning : clearing nut plant, Strychnos potatorum
Number in DED : 0151
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇi-
Meaning : beauty; to wear (jewels)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṇi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be beautiful, be an ornament; to adorn, wear (as jewels), describe in embellished language; n. decoration, ornament, beauty
Tamil derivates : aṇiyal adorning, necklace; aṇivu wearing; aṇikam ornament; (?) aṇaŋku beauty, form
Malayalam : aṇi
Malayalam meaning : decoration
Malayalam derivates : aṇiyuka to wear (jewels, arms), decorate oneself; aṇiyikka to dress, adorn
Kannada : aṇi
Kannada meaning : niceness, pleasantness, beauty
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) aṇi devil-dancer's headdress
Kodagu : aṇi- (aṇiv-, aṇiñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to wear, enjoy (jewels) (song word)
Tulu : aṇi
Tulu meaning : a kind of mask or appendage worn by a devil-dancer, a peacock's tail when spread
Number in DED : 0116
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇi
Meaning : array, row
Tamil : aṇi
Tamil meaning : array of an army, order, regularity, row
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to put in array (as an army); aṇiyam array of an army
Malayalam : aṇi
Malayalam meaning : row, line of soldiers
Kannada : aṇi
Kannada meaning : an array, body of soldiers, detachment
Notes : Possibly an Indo-Aryan borrowing (Turner 308: ánīka- 'face, front, point, edge, row'). The only parallel outside SDR is in Telugu. Cf. also *aṇija-.
Number in DED : 0117
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇija-
Meaning : prow
Tamil : aṇiyam
Tamil meaning : forepart of a vessel, stem, prow
Malayalam : aṇiyam
Malayalam meaning : ship's head, prow
Tulu : aṇya
Tulu meaning : prow of a vessel
Notes : Quite possibly the same as *aṇi 'row, order'; cf. also Telugu annemu.
Number in DED : 0118
Proto-South Dravidian : *aṇilai
Meaning : a large tree, gall-nut
Kannada : aṇile, aḷale, aḷile, aḷule, aḷḷi, aḷḷe
Kannada meaning : a large tree furnishing Indian myrobalans or ink nuts, Terminalia chebula Roxb.
Tulu : aṇile-kāyi
Tulu meaning : gall-nut, ink-nut
Tulu derivates : aṇile-mara ink-nut tree, T. chebula; alḍe-kāyi gall-nut, T. c.
Notes : A Kannada-Tulu isogloss with numerous dialectal irregularities typical for lexical recordings of plant names.
Number in DED : 0119
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