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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *komb-
Meaning : horn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kompu
Tamil meaning : branch, horn of an animal, musical horn, tusk
Tamil derivates : kompan_ tusked or horned animal, clever man (used ironically); koppu branch
Malayalam : kompu
Malayalam meaning : horn, tusk, musical horn, branch, pole, mast, spear
Malayalam derivates : kompan horned, male of cattle; a valiant, arrogant person; kompikka to grow arrogant, angry
Kannada : kombu
Kannada meaning : branch, horn of an animal, musical horn, tusk, root
Kannada derivates : kombe, (Nanj.) kome branch
Kodagu : kombɨ
Kodagu meaning : branch, horn of an animal
Tulu : kombu
Tulu meaning : branch, horn of an animal, musical horn, tusk
Tulu derivates : (B-K) kombe a buck deer; kombelụ a horn used by a toddy-tapper
Proto-Nilgiri : *kob
Number in DED : 2115
Proto-South Dravidian : *kon-
Meaning : tip, extremity
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kon_ai
Tamil meaning : tip, end (as of a needle)
Tamil derivates : kun_ai sharp point or tip of a thing
Kannada : kone
Kannada meaning : extremity, point, tip, end, corner, sprout
Kodagu : kottɨ
Kodagu meaning : tip, nipple, joint where flower and stem are joined
Tulu : konè
Tulu meaning : point, end, extremity
Proto-Nilgiri : *kot
Number in DED : 2174
Proto-South Dravidian : *konc-
Meaning : small; mean
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koccai
Tamil meaning : meanness, despicableness; mean, despicable person
Tamil derivates : koccu small, young; koccan_ young boy; koñcam little, small quantity; koñcan_ mean person
Malayalam : koccu
Malayalam meaning : short, small, young, mean; (also koccan) little boy, stunted fruit
Malayalam derivates : kocci girl; koñcam a little; koññu a young stunted coconut
Kannada : koñca, koñce
Kannada meaning : a little, littleness, inferiority
Proto-Nilgiri : *Koc
Number in DED : 2041
Proto-South Dravidian : *kon(c)-
Meaning : to prattle
Tamil : koñcu (koñci-)
Tamil meaning : to prattle (as children), talk amorously (as young women), fondle
Tamil derivates : koñcal childish prattle, amorous talk, fondling; kon_n_u (kon_n_i-) to stammer, stutter, babble; kon_n_ai stammering, babbling
Malayalam : koñcuka
Malayalam meaning : to prattle, fondle, caress (as a child), flirt
Malayalam derivates : koññuka id., stammer, hesitate in speaking; koñcal fondling, coquetry; koñña id., prattle, inarticulate speech; koññan stammerer
Kannada : koccu, korcu
Kannada meaning : to speak much or braggingly, utter in ostentatious language
Kannada derivates : koññe (Gowda) babble, (Hav.) prattle
Tulu : koccuni
Tulu meaning : to prate, brag
Tulu derivates : kōca, kōcè boasting; (B-K) koñña prattling; (BRR) koññè stammering
Proto-Nilgiri : *Konc-
Number in DED : 2043
Proto-South Dravidian : *Konḍ-
Meaning : tuft of hair
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koṇṭai
Tamil meaning : tuft, dressing of hair in large coil on the head, crest of a bird, head (as of a nail), knob (as of a cane), round top
Malayalam : koṇṭa
Malayalam meaning : tuft of hair
Kannada : koṇḍe, goṇḍe
Kannada meaning : tuft, tassel, cluster
Kodagu : koṇḍe
Kodagu meaning : tassels of sash, knob-like foot of cane-stem
Tulu : goṇḍè
Tulu meaning : topknot, tassel, cluster
Proto-Nilgiri : *gonḍ[ä]
Number in DED : 2081
Proto-South Dravidian : *konr_-ai
Meaning : Indian laburnum
Tamil : kon_r_ai
Tamil meaning : Indian laburnum, Cassia fistula; red Indian laburnum, Cassia marginata; Siamese tree senna, Cassia siamea
Malayalam : konna
Malayalam meaning : Cassia fistula
Kannada : konde
Kannada meaning : Cassia fistula
Tulu : kondè
Tulu meaning : pudding-pipe tree, Cassia fistula
Number in DED : 2175
Proto-South Dravidian : *konṭ-
Meaning : shameless, insubordinate
Tamil : koṇṭi
Tamil meaning : insubordinate, naughty person or animal; prostitute, concubine
Malayalam : koṇṭi
Malayalam meaning : a stray cow, unruly woman
Kannada : koṭṭu
Kannada meaning : a shameless man
Tulu : koṇṭa
Tulu meaning : viciousness, srupidity; vicious, stupid
Number in DED : 2079
Proto-South Dravidian : *koŋ-
Meaning : the Koŋku country
Tamil : koŋku, koŋkam
Tamil meaning : the Tamil country comprising the districts of Coimbatore, Salem, and a portion of Mysore
Tamil derivates : koŋkan_ inhabitant of the Koŋku country
Malayalam : koŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : n. pr. of the Chēra or Kēraḷa country, esp. the country about Coimbatore
Malayalam derivates : koŋŋan the king of Koŋgu, a king of Kēraḷa
Kannada : koŋgu
Kannada meaning : the Koŋgu country (Cēra or Kēraḷa, esp. the country about Coimbatore)
Kannada derivates : koŋga an inhabitant of the Koŋgu country
Tulu : koŋga
Tulu meaning : the Cēra or Kēraḷa country
Proto-Nilgiri : *koŋ
Number in DED : 2037
Proto-South Dravidian : *Koŋ-
Meaning : woman's breast
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koŋkai
Tamil meaning : woman's breast, protuberance of a tree
Malayalam : koŋka
Malayalam meaning : woman's breast
Malayalam derivates : koŋkacci, koŋkicci woman with full breasts
Number in DED : 2038
Proto-South Dravidian : *koŋk-
Meaning : hook, crooked
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kokki
Tamil meaning : hook, clasp (as of a necklace or ear-ring); hooked knife attached to a long bamboo
Tamil derivates : kokkarai crookedness, deformity, rake; kokkuvāy the hook of a clasp in an ornament; ? kuraŋku hook, clasp, link in jewelry; ? kur_aṇṭu (kur_aṇṭi-) to be crooked or bent (as horns, fingers, limbs, fruits), be convulsed, have spasms, coil up (as a small reptile)
Malayalam : kokka
Malayalam meaning : clasp, hook, crook (as for plucking fruits), neck-clasp
Malayalam derivates : kokkara crooked, bent backwards
Kannada : kokki, kokke
Kannada meaning : crookedness, perverseness, a crook, bend, hook
Kannada derivates : kogga, kokkari, koŋga, koŋgari crookedness; koŋki a hook, fish-hook, angle; koŋku to be bent, get crooked, curved, distorted, deformed, or curled, become perverse, untrue, etc.; n. (also koŋgu) state of being bent, crooked, etc.; koŋkisu to make crooked, distort
Kodagu : kokke
Kodagu meaning : crook, hook, anything bent
Kodagu derivates : kokk- (kokki-) to be bent
Tulu : kokkè
Tulu meaning : a hook, clasp
Tulu derivates : koŋkè, kuŋkè a hook, crookedness; crooked, curved, bent; koŋgụ irregularity, crookedness; bent, curved, arched, irregular
Proto-Nilgiri : *kok-
Number in DED : 2032
Proto-South Dravidian : *kop-
Meaning : tuft of hair
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koppu
Tamil meaning : chignon, coil of hair
Kannada : koppu
Kannada meaning : female's hair tied in a tuft
Number in DED : 2110
Proto-South Dravidian : *kop-
Meaning : a k. of women's ornament
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koppu
Tamil meaning : women's ear-ornament worn at top of helix
Malayalam : koppu
Malayalam meaning : upper ear-ring of women
Kannada : koppu
Kannada meaning : ornament for the upper part of the ear, worn by women
Kodagu : koppumbɨ
Kodagu meaning : long straight ornament worn through top of ear
Tulu : koppu
Tulu meaning : a female's upper ear-ring
Number in DED : 2111
Proto-South Dravidian : *kopar-
Meaning : cauldron, boiler
Tamil : kopparai
Tamil meaning : brass or copper boiler with rings for handles, cauldron
Malayalam : koppara
Malayalam meaning : a boiler, chiefly of copper
Kannada : koppara, kopparige
Kannada meaning : a metal boiler, used also for keeping oil or ghee in
Tulu : kopparigè
Tulu meaning : cauldron, boiler with a wide mouth
Number in DED : 2104
Proto-South Dravidian : *kork-
Meaning : crane
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kokku
Tamil meaning : common crane, Grus cinerea; stork, paddy bird
Tamil derivates : kuruku heron, stork, crane, bird, gallinaceous fowl, an_r_il bird
Malayalam : kokku, kokkan, kocca, kuriyan
Malayalam meaning : paddy bird, heron
Malayalam derivates : kuru heron
Kannada : kokku, kokkare
Kannada meaning : crane
Kannada derivates : kukku heron, crane
Tulu : korŋgu
Tulu meaning : crane, stork
Proto-Nilgiri : *kork-
Number in DED : 2125
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kor_-
Meaning : to bubble with anger
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kor_ukor_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to bubble with anger
Tamil derivates : kor_u-kor_uv-en_al onom. expr. signifying anger
Number in DED : 2166
Proto-South Dravidian : *kor_-
Meaning : cold
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kor_e, kor_i
Kannada meaning : to pierce (as cold)
Kannada derivates : kor_eta, kor_ata the piercing of cold (or with DEDR 1859)
Tulu : koraḷe
Tulu meaning : (B-K) cold
Proto-Nilgiri : *kor_-ǝv-
Number in DED : 2168
Proto-South Dravidian : *kor_-i-
Meaning : to nibble, bite
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kor_i (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to nip off the husks of grains, nibble grain, graze, pick up food here and there (as cattle)
Malayalam : kor_ikka
Malayalam meaning : to nibble (as a mouse), eat grains, nipping off the husk
Kannada : kor_uku, kor_aku, kur_uku, kur_uŋku
Kannada meaning : to bite, gnaw, nibble
Kodagu : kori- (korip-, koric-)
Kodagu meaning : (snake) strikes, (rat) eats grain by cracking husk
Kodagu derivates : (Kar.) kurɨk- (kurɨki-) to munch
Tulu : kojalụ
Tulu meaning : (B-K) to gnaw as rats do with grains and fruits
Number in DED : 2164
Proto-South Dravidian : *kor_-i
Meaning : sheep
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kor_i
Tamil meaning : sheep
Malayalam : kor_i
Malayalam meaning : a small kind of sheep
Kannada : kur_i, kor_i
Kannada meaning : sheep, ram
Kannada derivates : kur_itana a sheepish, foolish disposition
Kodagu : kori
Kodagu meaning : sheep
Tulu : kuri
Tulu meaning : sheep
Proto-Nilgiri : *kor_ĭ
Number in DED : 2165
Proto-South Dravidian : *kot-
Meaning : to peck
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kottu (kotti-)
Tamil meaning : to grub up, hoe, peck (as a bird), bite (as a snake), chop, hack, mince, carve; n. grubbing, mincing, pecking, biting (as a serpent), gashing, a small hoe for rooting out weeds
Tamil derivates : kottal pecking; kottan_ a mason; kontu (konti-) to peck, mince, gnaw, gore, pierce; pick up shells, etc., from the floor before a thrown-up shell comes down (as in gmae played by girls); kontal picking, nibbling
Malayalam : kottuka
Malayalam meaning : to dig, carve, peck, pick up, bite (as snakes), strike, cut
Malayalam derivates : kottu stinging, digging, pecking, picking up; kotti pick-axe, stone-digger, carver
Kannada : kottu
Kannada meaning : to chop, mince
Kodagu : kott- (kotti-)
Kodagu meaning : to pick up with single sharp motion, peck
Kodagu derivates : kotti para game of jackstones
Tulu : godduni
Tulu meaning : to pick or devour, as a fowl
Proto-Nilgiri : *kot-
Number in DED : 2091
Proto-South Dravidian : *kotaḷ-
Meaning : bastion, bulwark
Tamil : kottaḷam
Tamil meaning : bastion
Malayalam : kottaḷam, kontaḷam
Malayalam meaning : bulwark, bastion; trough, stone pavement
Kannada : kottaḷa, kottala
Kannada meaning : bulwark, bastion
Tulu : kottaḷa, kottala
Tulu meaning : bulwark, bastion; trough, stone pavement
Number in DED : 2090
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