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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Kaŋkaṇ-
Meaning : waterfowl
Tamil : kaŋkaṇam
Tamil meaning : a waterfowl
Number in DED : 1083
Proto-South Dravidian : *kap-ai
Meaning : frog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kappe, (Hav.) keppe
Kannada meaning : frog
Kodagu : kappe
Kodagu meaning : toad
Tulu : kappè
Tulu meaning : frog
Proto-Nilgiri : *kVp-
Number in DED : 1224
Proto-South Dravidian : *kapal
Meaning : ship
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kappal
Tamil meaning : ship, sailing vessel
Malayalam : kappal
Malayalam meaning : ship
Tulu : kappalụ
Tulu meaning : ship
Proto-Nilgiri : *kapal
Number in DED : 1219
Proto-South Dravidian : *kap-am
Meaning : tribute
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kappam
Tamil meaning : tribute
Malayalam : kappam
Malayalam meaning : tribute, taxes
Kannada : kappa, kappu
Kannada meaning : tribute
Tulu : kappa
Tulu meaning : tribute, an offering
Number in DED : 1218
Proto-South Dravidian : *kap-/*gab-
Meaning : bat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kapaṭe, kappaṭe, kappaḍi, kappaḍe, kabaṭe, kabbaṭe, gabbilāyi
Kannada meaning : bat
Proto-Nilgiri : *kap-
Number in DED : 1216
Proto-South Dravidian : *kap-/*kav-
Meaning : to cover
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kappu (kappi-)
Tamil meaning : to overspread (as a cloud)
Tamil derivates : kavi (-v-, -nt-) to cover, overspread, overshadow, surround; (-pp-, -tt-) to cover (as with an umbrella), overshade, cover over (as an arch); kavikai bending, being concave, umbrella; kavippu covering, canopy, umbrella; kammu (kammi-) to be overcast, cloudy, gloomy, dark; kammal dimness (as of a gem, a lamp, glass, spectacles), cloudiness, haziness
Malayalam : kappuka, kammuka
Malayalam meaning : to cover, overspread
Malayalam derivates : kaviyuka to overflow, inundate, surpass, exceed; be overflowed; kamiyuka to overspread; kaviyan wrapper, pillowcase; kaviccal, kamiccal inundation, encroachment
Kannada : kappu
Kannada meaning : to cover; spread, extend, overspread, surround
Kannada derivates : kavi to cover, overspread, come upon, rush upon, attack; n. a rushing upon, etc.; kavicu, kavacu, kavucu to put upon, cause to come upon, etc.
Tulu : kabiyuni
Tulu meaning : to besiege, surround, overwhelm, overspread (as clouds)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kav-ǝc-
Number in DED : 1221
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : to hide; to steal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kara (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to conceal, steal; hide (intr.), lie hidden, keep oneself out of sight
Tamil derivates : karappu, karavu concealing, theft, fraud, deceit; karavar thieves; karaval concealment; karavaṭam act or practice of stealing, deceit; karavaṭar thieves, deceivers
Malayalam : karappu
Malayalam meaning : covering, hiding, concealing; theft
Kannada : kare
Kannada meaning : to hide (intr., tr.)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-ǝv-
Number in DED : 1258
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : rough; sharp
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karaṭu
Tamil meaning : roughness, unevenness, churlish temper
Tamil derivates : karaṭṭu rugged, uneven, unpolished; karaṇ uneven surface in vegetables and fruits, scar; karu prong, barb, spike; karumai, karil severity, cruelty; karukku teeth of a saw or sickle, jagged edge of palmyra leaf-stalk, sharpness
Malayalam : karaṭu
Malayalam meaning : what is rough or uneven
Malayalam derivates : kar_u rough; kar_uppu roughness; karuma sharpness of sword; karukku teeth of a saw or file, thorns of a palmyra branch, irregular surface; karukarukka to be harsh, sharp, rough, irritating; karikku edge of teeth; kari-muḷ hard thorn; projecting parts of the skin of custard-apples, jack-fruits, etc.; kari-maṭal rind of jack-fruits
Kannada : karaḍu
Kannada meaning : that is rough, uneven, unpolished, hard, or waste, useless, or wicked
Kannada derivates : kar_aku, karku, kakku, gar_aku, garaku, garku, garasu a jag, notch, dent, toothed part of a file or saw, rough part of a millstone, irregular surface, sharpness
Tulu : karaḍụ, karaḍu
Tulu meaning : rough, coarse, worn out; wastage, loss, wear
Tulu derivates : kargōṭa hardness, hard-heartedness; hard, hard-hearted; garu rough; garime severity, strictness; gargāsụ a saw
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-
Number in DED : 1265
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : black
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karu
Tamil meaning : black
Tamil derivates : karukkal darkness, twilight, cloudiness, sunburnt paddy crop; karukku (karukki-) to darken by heat, burn, scorch, toast, fry; karuku (karuki-) to be scorched, blackened by fire or sun, become dark in evening; karukal charred rice; karumai blackness; karum pon_ iron; kari (-v-, -nt-) to be charred, scorched, become black; (-pp-, -tt-) to char; n. charcoal, charred wood, lampblack; kariccān_ king crow; kaŋkul darkness, night
Malayalam : kari, karu
Malayalam meaning : black; charcoal, coal
Malayalam derivates : karikkal, karukkal twilight, dusk, frying; karikka to char, burn black, fire (a jungle), scorch; karippu jungle cultivation; karima, karuma blackness; karukkuka to be dusk; kariuka to be scorched, singed; vb. n. karivu; karimpu dark colour, grey; kariśal that which is singed, scorched; kaŋŋal darkness; kaŋŋuka to be singed, burn in cooking
Kannada : kari
Kannada meaning : to be scorched, singed, charred; fry, roast; n. state of being scorched, frying, blackness, charcoal
Kannada derivates : karaku, kariku state of being scorched; karidu black; kar-, ka- id.; kargu to turn black (or with DEDR 1494); kare blackness; kabbiṇa iron; (PBh.) karipu blackness; (Hav.) karañcu to be scorched; karañcaṭe scorched; (Gowda) kǝrṇṭɨ to become charred
Kodagu : kari- (kariv-, kariñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to be singed
Kodagu derivates : (karip-, karic-) to singe; kari black
Tulu : kari
Tulu meaning : soot, charcoal
Tulu derivates : kariya black; karŋka state of being burnt or singed; karŋkāḍuni to burn (tr.); karñcuni to be burned to cinders; karñcāvuni to cause to burn to cinders; kardụ black; karba iron; karvāvuni to burn the down of a fowl by holding it over the fire; karṇṭuni to be scorched; karguḍe a very black man; fem. karguḍi, kargi
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) kardɨ black
Number in DED : 1278
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : mould
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karu
Tamil meaning : mould, matrix
Tamil derivates : karukku engraving, carving, embossed work
Malayalam : karu
Malayalam meaning : figure, mould
Malayalam derivates : karukku-paṇi embossed work; karaṭu the original of a copy
Kannada : karu
Kannada meaning : embossed work, bas-relief
Kannada derivates : karuv-iḍu to put bosses or raised figures, mould, model
Tulu : karu, garu, karavi
Tulu meaning : a mould
Number in DED : 1280
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : young (of fruit)
Tamil : karukkāy
Tamil meaning : young and immature fruit
Malayalam : karikku
Malayalam meaning : an unripe coconut
Kannada : kǝrkɨ
Kannada meaning : (Gowda) tender, unripe fruit
Tulu : gargayi
Tulu meaning : half-ripe, half-grown, as an areca-nut, etc.
Tulu derivates : karkụ a very tender coconut, its tender shell; (BRR) kar-mukkè young flower bud
Number in DED : 1281
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : hunger
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karuppu
Tamil meaning : famine
Number in DED : 1286
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : great, strong
Tamil : karumai
Tamil meaning : strength, greatness
Malayalam : karu, kar_u
Malayalam meaning : stout, hard
Malayalam derivates : karuma hardness, strength of a man; karuman one who is strong and able; karumana valour, etc.; karuttu strength, vigour, power; fortitude, courage; karuttan a strong man, powerful person
Kannada : kara, karu
Kannada meaning : greatness, abundance, power
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-
Number in DED : 1287
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : to sound
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to sound, roar, weep, lament, call, invite
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to call, summon
Malayalam : karayuka
Malayalam meaning : to cry, lament, neigh, caw, caterwaul
Malayalam derivates : karaccil weeping, crying, lamentation; cry of certain animals or birds; karaḷuka to mumble; karaḷca mumbling
Kannada : kare, kari
Kannada meaning : to emit a sound, sound, call, invite
Kannada derivates : karasu, karisu, karesu, kareyisu to cause to call, have called, cause to sound, shout together; karaha, kareyuvike calling, etc.
Tulu : kareyuni, karevuni
Tulu meaning : to crow
Tulu derivates : karmbuni to mutter; gaggelyuni to roar, cry
Proto-Nilgiri : *karV-
Number in DED : 1291
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : to melt, dissolve
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to dissolve in water, be reduced from solid to liquid form, wear away (as soil by the action of water), become emaciated, become gradually attenuated
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to dissolve in water (tr.), melt, liquefy, extirpate; karaiyal dissolving, melting, that which is dissolved; karaivu dissolving, tenderness of mind
Malayalam : karakkuka
Malayalam meaning : to melt, dissolve
Kannada : karagu, karaŋgu, kargu
Kannada meaning : to be dissolved, melt away, decrease in bulk, become softened to pity or love, pine away
Kannada derivates : karagisu, karigisu, kargisu to cause to be dissolved, melt; (Hav.) karaḍu to melt
Kodagu : kar- (kari-)
Kodagu meaning : to be digested
Kodagu derivates : karak- (karaki-) to digest; (Shanmugam) to dissolve; (Shanmugam) karak dissolving
Tulu : karaguni
Tulu meaning : to melt (intr.), dissolve, liquefy, become thin, become affected, softened, melt with pity
Tulu derivates : karagāvuni, kargāvuni to melt (tr.), liquefy, affect the mind, afflict; karavuni to be dissolved, melted, digested; karapuni to digest
Proto-Nilgiri : *karV-
Number in DED : 1292
Proto-South Dravidian : *karaḍ-i
Meaning : black bear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karaṭi
Tamil meaning : Indian black bear, sloth bear
Malayalam : karaṭi
Malayalam meaning : bear
Kannada : karaḍi, kaḍḍi
Kannada meaning : bear
Kodagu : karaḍi
Kodagu meaning : bear
Tulu : karaḍi
Tulu meaning : bear
Proto-Nilgiri : *karǝḍĭ
Number in DED : 1263
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-ai
Meaning : shore
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karai
Tamil meaning : shore, bank, ridge of a field, border of a cloth
Malayalam : kara
Malayalam meaning : shore, riverside, land (opp. to sea), coloured border of a cloth
Malayalam derivates : karayan striped cloth; karal border, margin, edge
Kannada : kare
Kannada meaning : bank, shore, boundary, border of a cloth
Kodagu : kare
Kodagu meaning : bank
Tulu : karè
Tulu meaning : seashore, bank of a river, border, coloured border of a cloth
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar(ä)
Number in DED : 1293
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-mb-
Meaning : miser
Tamil : karumi
Tamil meaning : miser (coll.; TATD)
Kannada : karba
Kannada meaning : miser (Tipt., LSB 17.18)
Tulu : karmbelu
Tulu meaning : stingy woman
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-
Number in DED : 1277
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-nāḍ-
Meaning : Kanarese
Tamil : kar(u)nāṭakam, kan_n_aṭam
Tamil meaning : the Kanarese country; language of the Kanarese
Tamil derivates : kan_n_aṭan_, kan_n_aṭikan_, kan_n_aṭiyan_ native of the Kanarese country
Malayalam : kannaṭam
Malayalam meaning : the Canarese country
Kannada : karṇāṭa, kannaḍa
Kannada meaning : the Kannaḍa country and its language
Kannada derivates : kannaḍiga a man of the Kannaḍa country; karṇāṭaka the Kannaḍa language; a Kannaḍa man
Tulu : kannaḍa, karnāṭaka
Tulu meaning : the Canarese language; of or belonging to Canarese or Canara
Proto-Nilgiri : *kanaḍ-
Number in DED : 1284
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-ŋ-āl-, *kar-V-mar-
Meaning : blackwood
Tamil : karuŋkāli
Tamil meaning : Coromandel ebony of Mysore, Diospyros tupru
Malayalam : kariŋŋāli
Malayalam meaning : blackwood, Mimosa catechu
Malayalam derivates : karumaram Shorea robusta; ebony, Diospyros
Kannada : karimara
Kannada meaning : Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.
Kannada derivates : (DCV) kaggali blackwood
Tulu : kari-mara
Tulu meaning : blackwood
Tulu derivates : karmarụ a superior kind of firewood, Vatica laccifera
Number in DED : 1282
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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