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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *jAk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to come near 2 near 3 to come near to each other, pass 3 good
Russian meaning: 1 приближаться 2 близкий 3 приближаться, подходить 4 хороший
Old Turkic: jaq- (OUygh.) 1, jaqɨn (OUygh.) 2, jaqɨš- (OUygh.) 3
Karakhanid: jaq- (MK, KB) 1, jaqɨn (MK) 2, jaqɨš- (MK) 3, jaχšɨ (MK) 4
Turkish: jakɨn 2, jakɨš- 3, jakšɨ 4
Tatar: jaqɨn 2, jaxšɨ 4
Middle Turkic: jaqɨn (MA) 2, jaχšɨ 4 (MA)
Uzbek: jaqin 2, jaxši 4
Uighur: jaq- 1, jeqin 2, jaqši 4
Sary-Yughur: jahGɨn 2, jaxš(i) 4
Azerbaidzhan: jaxɨn 2, jaxšɨ 4
Turkmen: jaq- 1, jaqɨ̄n 2, jaGšɨ 4
Khakassian: čaɣɨn 2, čaxsɨ 4
Tuva: čɨɣɨ̄ 'close to'
Tofalar: čɨ'xa- 'to press to'
Kirghiz: ǯaqɨn 2, ǯaqšɨ 4
Kazakh: žaqɨn 2, žaqsɨ 4
Noghai: jaqɨn 2, jaxšɨ 4
Bashkir: jaqɨn 2, jaqšɨ 4
Gagauz: jaqɨn 2, jaqɨš- 3
Karaim: jaqɨn 2, jaqšɨ 4
Karakalpak: žaqɨn 2, žaqsɨ 4
Salar: jaχɨn 2, jaχšɨ 4
Comments: VEWT 178, 180, EDT 896-9, 901, 904, 908-9, ЭСТЯ 4, 63-64, 81, 84, TMN 4, 179.
Proto-Turkic: *jaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: collar; edge
Russian meaning: воротник; край
Old Turkic: jaqa (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaqa (MK)
Turkish: jaka
Tatar: jaqa
Middle Turkic: jaqa (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jɔqa
Uighur: jaqa
Azerbaidzhan: jaxa
Turkmen: jaqa
Khakassian: čaɣa
Shor: čaɣa
Oyrat: d́aqa
Halaj: jaqa
Chuvash: śoɣa
Yakut: saɣa
Tofalar: čaɣa (Рас. ФиЛ)
Kirghiz: ǯaqa
Noghai: jaɣa
Bashkir: jaɣa
Balkar: ǯaɣa, žaɣa
Salar: jaxa
Kumyk: jaɣa
Comments: VEWT 180, 82-83, EDT 898, ЭСТЯ 4, 82-84, Федотов 2, 146-147. Turk. > WMong. ǯaqa, ǯiqa, Kalm. zaxǝ (KW 463-464; TMN 4, 103-104, Щербак 1997, 122), whence Evk. ǯaka (Doerfer MT 125).
Proto-Turkic: *jaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rent, lease
Russian meaning: плата, наем
Old Turkic: jaqa (OUygh.)
Comments: EDT 898.
Proto-Turkic: *jakɨl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of small hawk
Russian meaning: вид небольшого ястреба
Tatar: jaɣɨlbaj
Middle Turkic: jaɣlabaj (Ettuhf.)
Khakassian: čaɣɨlbaj
Oyrat: jaŋalbaj 'siskin'
Kirghiz: ǯaɣalmaj
Kazakh: žaɣaltaj
Bashkir: jaɣɨlbaj
Comments: VEWT 186, ЭСТЯ 4, 10-11.
Proto-Turkic: *jaku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: coat
Russian meaning: плащ, шуба
Karakhanid: jaqu (MK)
Oyrat: jaqqɨ, d́aqqɨ, jaqa, d́aqa
Yakut: saɣɨnńax
Tuva: čaɣɨ
Kirghiz: ǯaqɨ (dial.)
Kazakh: žaqɨ (dial.)
Bashkir: jaqɨ
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 60-61, Лексика 476. The form jaɣqu is not really attested: it is a folk etymology related by MK. Turk. > Russ. jegá, see Аникин 195, 721.
Proto-Turkic: *jaĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to close, hide
Russian meaning: закрывать(ся), прятать(ся)
Old Turkic: jaš- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaš- (MK)
Middle Turkic: jaš- (AH)
Sary-Yughur: jas-
Azerbaidzhan: jaš- (dial.)
Turkmen: jaš-
Yakut: sas-
Comments: VEWT 192, ЭСТЯ 4, 160-161. Very widely spread are also the derivatives *jaĺɨn-, *jaĺɨr-, see ibid.
Proto-Turkic: *jal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: different grass names
Russian meaning: различные названия трав
Uzbek: jalpiz 'mint'
Oyrat: jalɨ 'солодка'
Kirghiz: ǯalbɨz 'mint'
Comments: VEWT 183, TMN 4, 55.
Proto-Turkic: *jal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to burn, blaze 2 flame
Russian meaning: 1 гореть, пылать 2 пламя
Old Turkic: jal- 1 (OUygh.), jalɨn 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jal- 1 (MK), jalɨn 2 (MK)
Turkish: jalɨn 2
Middle Turkic: jalɨn 2 (Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: jalɨŋ 2 (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: jalɨn 2
Turkmen: jalɨn 2
Khakassian: čalɨn 2
Oyrat: jalɨn, d́alɨn 2
Chuvash: śolъm 2
Tuva: čalɨn 2
Kirghiz: ǯalɨn 2
Kazakh: žalɨn 2
Noghai: jalɨn 2
Gagauz: jalɨn 2
Karaim: jalɨn 2
Karakalpak: žalɨn 2
Kumyk: jalɨn 2
Comments: VEWT 181, EDT 918, 929, ЭСТЯ 4, 106-107, Лексика 23, 356-357, 363, Федотов 2, 133-134, TMN 4, 187. Cf. also Kypch. jalgavuč 'frying pan' (ЭСТЯ 4, 13). Turk. *jaltɨr- 'to flash, blazed' (ЭСТЯ 4, 94) > Mong. iltira- id.; *jaltɨrɨm (ЭСТЯ 4, 281) 'lightning' > Mong. jildurum id. (Щербак 1997, 121).
Proto-Turkic: *jAl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be afraid 2 to suspect, slander 3 slander
Russian meaning: 1 бояться 2 подозревать, клеветать 3 клевета
Old Turkic: jala 3 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jala- 2, jala 3 (MK)
Turkish: jɨl- 1, Osm. jal-
Tatar: jala 3
Middle Turkic: jala 3 (MKypch. - CCum.)
Oyrat: d'ala 'fine, charge'
Yakut: jula 3
Kirghiz: ǯala 3, ǯala- 2
Kazakh: žala 3
Noghai: jala 3
Bashkir: jala 3
Karakalpak: žala 3
Comments: VEWT 200, EDT 918-919, ЭСТЯ 4, 87, Федотов 2, 483.
Proto-Turkic: *jala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sacred band 2 flag 3 tie, strap
Russian meaning: 1 священная лента, веревочка, пучок волос (привязываемая к дереву или шаманской колотушке) 2 знамя, флаг 3 завязка, повязка
Tatar: jalaw (dial.) 2, jala 3
Middle Turkic: jalaw (Бор. Бад.) 2
Uzbek: jalɔw 2
Uighur: ǯala (dial.) 3
Sary-Yughur: ǯala 3
Turkmen: jalow (dial.) 2
Khakassian: čala(ŋ)ma 1, čalā 3
Shor: čala 3, čalaba 1
Oyrat: jalaɣa, d́alaɣa 3, jalama, d́alama 1
Yakut: salama 1
Tuva: čalā 3, čalama 1
Kirghiz: ǯalau 2
Kazakh: žalaw 2
Karakalpak: žalaw 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 99-100, VEWT 181. Turk. *jala-gu, *jala-ga and *jala-ma seem to be derived from a common root, thus it is most probable that Mong. ǯalama 'sacred strips' and ǯalaɣa 'tassel, thick silk thread' are borrowed from Turkic and not vice versa.
Proto-Turkic: *jAla
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 suspicion, false accusation 2 lie
Russian meaning: 1 подозрение, клевета 2 ложь
Old Turkic: jala 1 (OUygh.), jalɣan 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jala 1 (MK), jalɣan 2 (MK)
Turkish: jalan 2
Tatar: jala 1, jalɣan 2
Middle Turkic: jalɣan 2 (AH), jalqan 2 (MA)
Uzbek: jɔlɣɔn 2
Uighur: jalɣan 2
Azerbaidzhan: jalan 2
Turkmen: jalan 1,2
Oyrat: jala, d́ala 1
Kirghiz: ǯala 1, ǯalɣan 2
Kazakh: žala 1, žalɣan 2
Noghai: jala 1, jalɣan 2
Bashkir: jala 1, jalɣan 2
Balkar: ǯalɣan, žalɣan 2
Gagauz: jalan 2
Karaim: jalan, jalɣan 2
Karakalpak: žala 1, žalɣan 2
Salar: jalɣan 2
Kumyk: jalɣan 2
Comments: VEWT 181, 183, EDT 918-919, 926, ЭСТЯ 4, 87, 91-92. Turk. > Mong. jala (KW 214).
Proto-Turkic: *jalaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: field, steppe
Russian meaning: поле, степь
Tatar: jalan, dial. jalaŋ
Uzbek: jalaŋ
Khakassian: jalaŋ
Shor: čalaŋ
Oyrat: d́alaŋ
Halaj: čalaŋ
Kirghiz: ǯalaŋ (dial.)
Bashkir: jalan
Comments: VEWT 181, ЭСТЯ 4, 91. Turk. > Russ. jeláń , see Аникин 197.
Proto-Turkic: *jạlaŋuk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: person
Russian meaning: человек
Old Turkic: jalaŋuq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalŋuq (MK, KB)
Chuvash: śɨn(ъ)
Comments: VEWT 182, EDT 930.
Proto-Turkic: *jạĺ(č)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to blaze, flame 2 lightning
Russian meaning: 1 сверкать, сиять 2 молния
Old Turkic: jašu- 1, jašɨn 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jašu- 1, jašɨn 2 (MK)
Tatar: jɛšen 2
Middle Turkic: jašɨn 2 (AH), jašɨq 'sun' (R.)
Uzbek: jašin 2
Khakassian: čazɨn 2
Shor: čažɨn 2
Oyrat: jažɨn, d́āžɨn 2
Chuvash: śiś- 1, śiźǝm 2
Noghai: jasɨn 2
Bashkir: jäšen 2
Kumyk: jašɨn 2
Comments: EDT 977, 979, VEWT 192, ЭСТЯ 4, 149-150, Лексика 22-23. Turk. *jaĺɨn > Mong. jašin 'lightning' (Щербак 1997, 123).
Proto-Turkic: *jạĺɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be lazy, emaciated, weak, quiet
Russian meaning: быть ленивым, измученным; слабым, вялым, робким
Middle Turkic: jašɨq (adj.) (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jǝšiq (adj.)
Uighur: ješiq (adj.)
Khakassian: čazɨɣ (adj.)
Oyrat: jažɨ- (R), d́ažɨq (adj.)
Yakut: sɨhɨj-
Tuva: čažɨ-
Kirghiz: ǯašɨ-
Kazakh: žasɨ-
Bashkir: jašɨq (adj.)
Karakalpak: žasɨ-
Comments: VEWT 192, ЭСТЯ 4, 20-21, TMN 4, 173.
Proto-Turkic: *jạlɨŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 naked 2 single, lonely
Russian meaning: 1 голый 2 одинокий, единственный
Old Turkic: jalɨŋ 1, jalŋus 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalɨŋ 1, jalŋus 2 (MK)
Turkish: jalɨn 1, jalnɨz, dial. jalaŋɨz 2
Tatar: jalan 1 (dial.), jalɣɨz 2
Middle Turkic: jalɨŋ 1 (Pav. C.), jalan, jalɨnǯaq 1 (Ettuhf.), jalɨŋɨz, jalɨqɨz 2 (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jaĺäŋ 1, jɔllɣiz 2
Uighur: jalaŋ 1, jalɣuz 2
Sary-Yughur: jalɨŋ, jaŋ 1, jaŋɣɨs 2
Azerbaidzhan: jalɨn 1, jalnɨz 2
Turkmen: jalaŋ 1, jalaŋač 1, jalŋɨ̄z 2
Khakassian: čalaŋ 1, čalɣɨs 2
Shor: čalaŋ 1, čaɣɨs, naɣɨs, naŋɨs 2
Oyrat: d́alaŋ 1, jaŋɨs, d́aŋɨs 2
Halaj: jalɣuz 2
Yakut: sɨ̄ńax, sɨgɨnńax 1
Dolgan: hɨgɨnńak 1
Tuva: čaŋɣɨs 2
Kirghiz: ǯalaŋ 1, ǯalɣɨz, ǯaŋɣɨz 2
Kazakh: žalaŋ 1, žalɣɨz 2
Noghai: jalaŋ 1, jalɣɨz 2
Bashkir: jaŋɣɨδ 2
Balkar: žalan, zalan 1, žanɣɨz, zanɣɨz 2
Gagauz: jalɨn 1, jalnɨz 2
Karaim: jalɨn, jalan 1, jalɣɨz 2
Karakalpak: žalaŋ 1, žalɣɨz 2
Kumyk: jalan 1, jaŋɣɨz, jaŋɨz 2
Comments: VEWT 182, EDT 929, 930, ЭСТЯ 4, 97-98, 104-106. Turk. > Kalm. jalŋ (KW 214). Cf. also *jalkɨ 'single' (ЭСТЯ 4, 95), Stachowski 106, 118. Yak. sɨgɨnńax < *jalŋɨn-čak; soɣotox < *jalŋoŕak.
Proto-Turkic: *jal-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suffer pain, be nauseated, hate
Russian meaning: чувствовать боль, тошноту, отвращение
Karakhanid: jalq- (MK)
Middle Turkic: jalqɨ- (Pav. C.)
Yakut: sal-t-
Comments: EDT 924, VEWT 183, ЭСТЯ 4, 14-15. Note that modern Kypch. and Sib. forms meaning 'lazy, be lazy' (jalqɨ-, ǯalqɨ-) do not belong here but are rather borrowed < Mong. ǯalka- having a quite different origin (see under *ǯeĺo). On the other hand, cf. the common Turkic derivative *jal-ta-, perhaps reflected in the above Yak. form, as well as in Turkm. jalta, Shor čaltak, Khak. čaltɨ 'lazy', Tur. jaltak 'bootlicker' etc. (see ЭСТЯ 4, 101-102).
Proto-Turkic: *jAlkɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to glitter 2 flame, ray
Russian meaning: 1 блестеть, сиять 2 пламя, блеск, луч
Turkish: jalkɨn 2
Tatar: jalqɨ- 1 (dial.), jalqɨn 2
Middle Turkic: jalqun 2 (R)
Uzbek: jɔlqin 2
Uighur: jalqun 2
Turkmen: jalqɨm 2
Oyrat: d́alqɨn 2
Kazakh: žalqɨn 2
Bashkir: jalqɨn 2
Comments: VEWT 181, ЭСТЯ 4, 106-107, Лексика 357. Usually united with *jal- (v. sub *ǯi̯ale), but seems to have a distinct Altaic origin.
Proto-Turkic: *jAl-kɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shallow 2 wave
Russian meaning: 1 мелкий 2 волна
Turkmen: jalpaq 1
Tuva: čalɣɨɣ 1, čalɣɨjaq 2
Comments: (?) Cf. also Chag. jalɣin 'Salzsteppe' etc. ( < 'shallow place'?), see VEWT 183.
Proto-Turkic: *jAlma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a thick quilted coat
Russian meaning: толстая стеганая куртка
Old Turkic: jalma (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalma (MK)
Comments: EDT 929, TMN 4, 190-192.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,
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