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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gub- ( ~ *geb-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bud, flower button
Russian meaning: бутон, головка цветка
Literary Manchu: gubsu
Comments: ТМС 1, 165. Cf. also Man. Gubiri 'name of a plant' (ibid.), geferi 'name of a plant' (ТМС 1, 183).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gudige
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stomach
Russian meaning: желудок
Evenki: gudiɣē
Even: gudi
Negidal: gudi
Literary Manchu: guweǯixe
Udighe: gudie
Solon: gudege
Comments: ТМС 1, 167. On Mong. güǯiɣe < TM see Doerfer MT 22; backloans are probably Man. Sib. guǯuge and Nan. gūǯẽ.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gugda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: high, tall
Russian meaning: высокий
Evenki: gugda
Even: gụ̄d
Negidal: gogda
Literary Manchu: Godo-χon
Ulcha: GụGda
Orok: GụGda
Nanai: GoGda
Oroch: gugda
Udighe: gugda
Solon: gụgda
Comments: ТМС 1,166.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gujā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to butt 2 horn 3 fang 4 to play (of animals)
Russian meaning: 1 бодать 2 рог 3 клык 4 играть (о животных)
Evenki: gujā- 1
Even: gụj- 1
Negidal: goja 2
Literary Manchu: Guja- 4
Ulcha: Gụja 3
Orok: Gụja- 1
Nanai: Goja 2
Oroch: guja 3
Udighe: guja 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 168.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bent upwards (of head) 2 convex, hill 3 part of harness (a piece of iron with a ring) 4 (plough) thills 5 ski straps
Russian meaning: 1 задранный кверху (о голове) 2 бугор, выпуклость 3 часть упряжи (железка с кольцом) 4 оглобли (у сохи) 5 лыжные ремни
Evenki: gugarka 3
Literary Manchu: gukdu 2, Goqči 4
Ulcha: gūksi 5
Nanai: gukū 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 159, 166, 169.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to blaze 2 to set fire 3 (bon)fire 4 hearth
Russian meaning: 1 сверкать 2 разжигать 3 костер 4 очаг
Evenki: gul- 1
Even: gụl- 2
Negidal: golo-wun 3
Literary Manchu: Golon tuwa 3; gulgin 'flame'
Ulcha: Gol-ǯo(n) 4
Nanai: Gola- 2, Golǯõ 4
Oroch: gogǯo(n) 4
Solon: gụlǯēr 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 169.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gula
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge, cliff 2 eyelashes 3 beard, moustache
Russian meaning: 1 склон, скат 2 ресницы 3 борода, усы
Evenki: gula 1
Negidal: gulaxan 1
Literary Manchu: Gulaqu 1
Oroch: gūla 1, gulagö 2
Udighe: gula 1, guluge 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 169.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gulde-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to untie, unwrap
Russian meaning: развязывать, разворачивать
Negidal: gulde-
Nanai: gulde-
Comments: ТМС 1, 170.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gulī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to put animal bones on a special decking
Russian meaning: класть кости животных на специальный лабаз
Evenki: gulī-
Even: göli-
Negidal: gulī-
Orok: guli-
Comments: ТМС 1, 170.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gulu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: female deer, roe
Russian meaning: самка оленя, косуля
Evenki: gulkačān
Even: gulkъ
Orok: gulu
Udighe: gulugese
Comments: ТМС 1, 170.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gulu-kun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 whole 2 (whole) piece
Russian meaning: 1 целый 2 (целый) кусок
Spoken Manchu: guluxun 'complete, pure' (2348, 2820)
Literary Manchu: gulxun 1
Ulcha: gulxu(n) 2
Nanai: gulxũ 2
Udighe: guluhu 2
Solon: gulgũ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 169. TM > Dag. gulgun (Тод. Даг. 133).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gun-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to punish, avenge
Russian meaning: наказывать, мстить
Evenki: gunča-
Comments: ТМС 1, 172. Attested only in Evk., but having probable Turkic and Mongolian parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guŋgu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 big fly 2 grasshopper, dragon-fly
Russian meaning: 1 большая муха 2 кузнечик, стрекоза
Ulcha: guŋguni 2
Udighe: guŋgu 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 172.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guŋur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: garlic
Russian meaning: чеснок
Evenki: guŋur
Comments: ТМС 1, 173. Attested only in Evk., with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gupuj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hit down berries by a special device
Russian meaning: обивать ягоды битком
Evenki: gujā-
Even: guj-
Ulcha: gupi-
Orok: gupi-
Nanai: gupi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 168. Evk. gujā-vun 'биток' > Russ. dial. gajevun, Selk. kujavun, see Аникин 161 (with lit.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to look out, appear 2 to understand
Russian meaning: 1 выглядывать, показываться 2 понимать
Even: göpken- 1
Negidal: gupket-/č- 1
Ulcha: gurpun- 1
Orok: golpon-, gorpon- 1
Nanai: gurpun- 1
Solon: guru- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 163, 174. Sol. > Dag. goro-, guru- (Тод. Даг. 132).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 acacia 2 polar birch 3 willow
Russian meaning: 1 акация 2 полярная береза 3 ива
Evenki: guran 2
Literary Manchu: Goro 1
Nanai: GorGolaǯi 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 161, 162, 173.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gurbi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Literary Manchu: Gurbi(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 173. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gure-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: free, spacious
Russian meaning: свободный, просторный
Negidal: gujexī
Ulcha: gure
Orok: gurei
Nanai: guxe (irreg. < *gure-ke ?)
Oroch: gure-ni
Comments: ТМС 1, 169.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gurē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to unfasten 2 to tie (a band) 3 string, lace
Russian meaning: 1 развязывать 2 подвязывать (унты) 3 завязки, тесемка
Evenki: gurē- 1, gurewu- 2, guren 3
Even: gurelge- 1, gụrъ̣n 3
Literary Manchu: Guran 3
Ulcha: gure-li- 1
Orok: gure-li- 1
Nanai: gure-li- 1, gorĩ 2
Oroch: guǯe 3
Udighe: gue- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 174.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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