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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scarcely
Russian meaning: едва
Evenki: aran
Even: arъ̣n
Spoken Manchu: arǝqǝn (2952)
Literary Manchu: arqan
Solon: arã
Comments: ТМС 1, 48.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *arka-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back
Russian meaning: спина
Evenki: arkan
Even: arqъ̣n
Negidal: ajkan
Orok: atta(n)
Oroch: akka(n)
Udighe: aka(n)
Solon: arkã
Comments: ТМС 1, 51.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *arpa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: barley; oats
Russian meaning: ячмень; овес
Literary Manchu: arfa
Comments: ТМС 1, 52. Despite its isolated nature, the Manchu word is certainly archaic and can hardly be explained as a borrowing < Mong. arbai, despite Rozycki 20.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *asī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wife of elder brother 2 woman 3 wife
Russian meaning: 1 жена старшего брата 2 женщина 3 жена
Evenki: asī 2
Even: asị 2
Negidal: asī 2
Spoken Manchu: ašǝ, asǝ 3 (908)
Literary Manchu: aša 1
Ulcha: asị 3
Orok: asị 2
Nanai: aśa 2
Oroch: asa 2
Udighe: ahanta 2
Solon: aš́ē, aš́ī 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 55. TM > Dag. aškā (Тод. Даг. 123).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *axiri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sweep, rake up snow
Russian meaning: подметать, разгребать снег
Ulcha: aχịrị-
Orok: aχịrị-
Nanai: aχịrị-
Comments: ТМС 1, 25.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aǯi-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of salmon
Russian meaning: калуга
Evenki: aǯin
Negidal: aǯịn
Literary Manchu: aǯin
Ulcha: aǯị(n)
Orok: aǯị(n)
Nanai: aǯị̃
Oroch: aǯị(n)
Udighe: aǯi(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 16.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ā(b)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sleep 2 to lie 3 to entertain
Russian meaning: 1 спать 2 лежать 3 заинтересовать, развлекать
Evenki: ā- 1
Even: awụn- 3
Negidal: ā- 1
Ulcha: aụ- ~ aw- 1, 2
Orok: ā(wụ)- 1, 2
Nanai: ao- 1, 2
Oroch: ā- 1
Solon: ā-š́in- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 2, 10 (should be distinguished from *ām- q. v. sub *ā̀mV). Loss of *-b- in some forms is in this case probably secondary (analogical, based on the reanalysis of the root element *-b- as a verbal suffix).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ābu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck (утка-морянка)
Russian meaning: вид утки (утка-морянка)
Even: āwụldụqa
Orok: awụŋGa
Oroch: auŋa
Udighe: auŋga
Comments: ТМС 1, 10.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arrow point, notch 2 whetstone
Russian meaning: 1 острие, зазубрина (у стрелы) 2 оселок, точильный камень
Evenki: āɣen 2
Even: āɣъn 2
Negidal: aɣat 1, aɣan 2
Literary Manchu: atan 1
Nanai: aŋã 2
Oroch: āta 1, awa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 12, 13. TM > Yak. aɣān.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 swift 2 to run quickly 3 to step (on sand, snow)
Russian meaning: 1 быстрый 2 быстро бежать 3 ступать (по песку, снегу)
Even: ajịŋ 1
Literary Manchu: aja- 2
Orok: aja-mụnǯị 1
Nanai: āi- 3 (Он. 30)
Comments: ТМС 1, 21.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āli-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to get tired
Russian meaning: уставать
Negidal: ālị̄-
Ulcha: āl(ị)-
Orok: ālị-
Nanai: ālị-
Comments: ТМС 1, 32.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āli-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to crumble (of earth, snow) 2 to kill an animal (after a long hunt)
Russian meaning: 1 обваливаться (о почве, снеге) 2 убивать зверя (при облаве)
Negidal: ālị-w- 1
Udighe: ali- 2, alip- 'to become spoiled (of meat)' (Корм. 205, 206)
Comments: ТМС 1, 32.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ām-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sleep 2 to be sleepy
Russian meaning: 1 спать 2 хотеть спать
Evenki: āme- 2
Even: āmol- 2
Negidal: āma- 2
Spoken Manchu: amǝhǝ- 1 (528)
Literary Manchu: amga- / amxa- 1
Ulcha: amasị- 2
Orok: āma- 2
Nanai: āmalo-, āmasị- 2
Oroch: āma-si- 2
Udighe: amahi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 1-2.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āmu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lake 2 river
Russian meaning: 1 озеро 2 река
Evenki: āmut 1
Even: amar, āmār 2
Negidal: amụt 1
Spoken Manchu: omǝ 1 (2082)
Literary Manchu: omo 1
Jurchen: omo (45) 1
Nanai: amoã 1
Oroch: amu 1
Udighe: amuli 'name of a river' (Корм. 207)
Solon: amụǯi 1, amur 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 40. Man. > Oroch, Ul. omo, Orok omō id.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ā(n)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: not
Russian meaning: не, нет
Evenki: āčin
Even: ān, āč
Negidal: āčin
Spoken Manchu: aqu (3017)
Literary Manchu: aqu
Jurchen: a-ĉwi (705)
Ulcha: ana
Orok: ana
Nanai: anā
Oroch: ana
Udighe: anči
Solon: aš́ĩ
Comments: All forms listed must go back to a common negative stem *ān-. See ТМС 1, 41, 60.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āńi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to enjoy 2 feast
Russian meaning: 1 радоваться 2 праздник
Even: āńị- 1
Nanai: ańā 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 45.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āŋ(gi)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: right
Russian meaning: правый
Evenki: anŋū, āńŋū
Even: āngъ̣ɣ
Negidal: ańŋị-dā
Ulcha: anǯị
Orok: āńǯē
Nanai: āŋgịa
Oroch: āńǯä
Udighe: ajaŋaǯa
Solon: angida
Comments: ТМС 1, 40-41.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 first child 2 small child 3 the most
Russian meaning: 1 первенец 2 маленький ребенок 3 самый, наиболее
Even: āǯịn 1
Spoken Manchu: aǯigǝ 2 (2403)
Literary Manchu: aǯi-ge 2, aǯi 1
Nanai: aǯị̄ 3, aǯị-go- 'родить первенца'
Udighe: aǯiga 'girl'
Comments: ТМС 1, 16-17, 55, Он. 29.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to propose for marriage 2 proposed for marriage since childhood
Russian meaning: 1 сватать 2 сосватанные с малолетства
Evenki: ba- 1
Literary Manchu: ba-čixi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 60.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *badara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dun-bird
Russian meaning: нырок, крохаль
Evenki: badara
Comments: ТМС 1, 63. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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