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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯeki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: always, constantly
Russian meaning: всегда, постоянно
Negidal: ǯek
Ulcha: ǯek-ǯek
Nanai: ǯek
Oroch: ǯe, ǯeki
Udighe: ǯe 'at this time'
Comments: ТМС 1, 283.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become quiet (of a sound), hidden 2 to miss
Russian meaning: 1 стихать, замирать (о звуке), скрываться 2 не заметить, не обратить внимания
Evenki: ǯeliw- 2
Even: ǯēl- 1
Negidal: ǯeliw- 2
Nanai: ǯelu- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 283, 284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 name of a plant 2 juniper
Russian meaning: 1 назв. растения (из семян которого добывается масло) 2 можжевельник
Evenki: ǯulkirē, ǯulke ( < *ǯelu-ke?) 2
Literary Manchu: ǯelmin 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 273, 284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯele- / *ǯelu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lie, deceit 2 secret
Russian meaning: 1 ложь, обман 2 тайна
Evenki: ǯelum 2
Even: ǯelъm 2
Negidal: ǯelum 2
Literary Manchu: ǯele 1, ǯendu 2
Ulcha: ǯele(n) 1
Orok: ǯele(n) 1, ǯelum-
Nanai: ǯelẽ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯele-kī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ermine
Russian meaning: горностай
Evenki: ǯelekī
Even: ǯiliki
Negidal: ǯelexī
Literary Manchu: ǯelken
Ulcha: ǯieli(n)
Orok: ǯeĺei
Nanai: ǯeli
Oroch: ǯeleki
Udighe: ǯelexi
Comments: ТМС 1, 284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯem- ( ~ -ia-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: orbed, spheric
Russian meaning: округлый, шаровидный
Evenki: ǯembeme
Negidal: ǯeŋge-
Comments: ТМС 1, 284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯemku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swamp, a k. of swamp plant
Russian meaning: болото, вид болотного растения
Evenki: ǯemku
Negidal: ǯeŋku
Orok: ǯempu
Nanai: ǯeŋku
Udighe: ǯempu (Корм. 236)
Comments: ТМС 1, 284-285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯe-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to eat
Russian meaning: есть
Evenki: ǯep-, ǯeb-
Even: ǯeb-, ǯep-
Negidal: ǯep-
Spoken Manchu: ǯe- (392)
Literary Manchu: ǯe-
Jurchen: ǯe-fu (535)
Ulcha: ǯepuwu
Orok: deptu-
Nanai: ǯeb-, ǯep-
Oroch: ǯepte-
Udighe: ǯo-, ǯe-, ǯepte-
Solon: ǯeg-, ǯeb-
Comments: ТМС 1, 279-280.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯerin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge
Russian meaning: край
Literary Manchu: ǯerin
Ulcha: ǯerin
Nanai: ǯerĩ
Comments: ТМС 1, 285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯesē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: custom
Russian meaning: привычка, обычай
Evenki: ǯesē
Comments: ТМС 1, 286. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯēk- (*ǯiak-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 fitting 2 to fit
Russian meaning: 1 точно, впору 2 подходить, быть впору
Negidal: ǯēk 1, ǯēk- 2
Ulcha: ǯēk 1
Orok: ǯīk, ǯēk 1
Nanai: ǯēk 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 283. Long -ē- in all sources and the variation -ī- / -ē- in Orok point most probably to PTM *-ia- (with the expected -ē̂- in modern languages confused with -ē- after an affricate).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯēlge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crack, narrow passage
Russian meaning: щель, узкий проход
Evenki: ǯēlge
Nanai: ǯelgẽ
Comments: ТМС 1, 283. Nan. has a secondary vowel shortening (the old length is proved also by the Dagur loanword from TM - ǯēlge, ǯēleg, see Тод. Даг. 143).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯēri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boast
Russian meaning: хвастаться
Ulcha: ǯeru-
Orok: dērī-
Nanai: ǯēri-
Oroch: ǯeri-
Comments: ТМС 1, 285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯi- ( ~ *di-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to come
Russian meaning: приходить
Spoken Manchu: ǯi- (1172)
Literary Manchu: ǯi-
Jurchen: di-xexe-gi (678), di-hul (712)
Ulcha: diwu
Nanai: ǯi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 255.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯiab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to respond, answer (a call, request)
Russian meaning: откликаться (на зов)
Evenki: ǯāw-
Even: ǯāw-
Spoken Manchu: ǯavǝ-, ǯavu- (1292)
Literary Manchu: ǯabu-
Orok: darra-
Oroch: ǯā-
Udighe: ǯieu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 240.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯiaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 coin, money 2 valuables, things
Russian meaning: 1 монета, деньги 2 ценные вещи, вещи
Evenki: ǯaka 2
Negidal: ǯaxa 1, 2
Spoken Manchu: ǯihā (1412) 1
Literary Manchu: ǯiχa 1, ǯaqa 2
Jurchen: ǯie-xa (575) 1, ǯa-xa 2
Ulcha: ǯaqa 2
Orok: ǯaqa, ǯaqqa 2
Nanai: ǯaqa 2
Oroch: ǯaka 2
Solon: ǯaka 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 242, 243. Despite the doublet in Manchu, the forms meaning `coin, money' and `valuables' are hard to separate. Most probably we are dealing with interdialectal and interlingual loans: Manchu ǯaqa `thing(s)' < Southern TM, while Manchu ǯiχa `coin, money' (with a secondarily developed meaning) > Nan. ǯịχa, Orok ǯaχa, Ul. ǯêχa etc. `money'. The original meaning (preserved, e.g., in Negidal) appears to have been `valuable things destined for dowry'. Man. > Dag. ǯiga 'coin'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯian-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to burn, blaze 2 to extinguish 3 to heat 4 torch 5 glowing coals
Russian meaning: 1 пылать 2 тушить 3 топить 4 факел 5 жар, горящие угли
Evenki: ǯānŋe- 1
Literary Manchu: jaŋGa 4
Orok: dandallị- 2
Nanai: jaŋGoŕa- 3
Udighe: ǯaŋa 5
Comments: ТМС 1,249,342. A specific development of the initial *ǯ- in Manchu and Nanai is probably conditioned by its position before the diphthong *ia.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯ(i)arami ( ~ d-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: otter
Russian meaning: выдра
Orok: daramị(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 198. An isolated Orok word, but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯibge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slow, sluggish; miserly
Russian meaning: медленный, медлительный; скупой
Literary Manchu: ǯibge
Comments: ТМС 1, 255. Attested only in Manchu, but having a probable Mong. parallel.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯig-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 running fast; race horse 2 to streak
Russian meaning: 1 проворно бегающий, беговая лошадь 2 мелькать
Evenki: ǯiɣar 1
Even: ǯịg- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 255.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
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Forward: 1

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