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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xülme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: needle
Russian meaning: игла
Evenki: inme
Even: inmъ
Negidal: inme
Spoken Manchu: unū (266)
Literary Manchu: ulme
Jurchen: hiul-me (249)
Ulcha: xulme(n)
Orok: xulme
Nanai: xurme
Oroch: imme
Udighe: iŋme
Solon: imme
Comments: ТМС 1, 316.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)üm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 strap, tie 2 to girdle
Russian meaning: 1 ремешок, завязка 2 подпоясывать
Evenki: imenne 1
Even: imъnru 1
Negidal: imenne 1
Literary Manchu: iḿele-, uḿele- 2
Solon: imende 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 314. Evk. umurū 'strap, belt' etc. (ТМС 2, 272) is borrowed from Mong. ümrǖl, see Doerfer MT 27.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ünī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to carry on the back
Russian meaning: нести на спине
Evenki: inī-
Even: inu-
Negidal: inīw- 'навьючить'
Literary Manchu: unu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 315-316.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ripen
Russian meaning: созревать
Evenki: ir-
Even: ir-
Negidal: ij-
Spoken Manchu: urǝ-, uru- (391)
Literary Manchu: ure-
Ulcha: xuru-
Orok: xuri-
Nanai: xuru-
Comments: ТМС 1, 323.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xürbe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: spawn, to spawn
Russian meaning: нерест, метать икру
Evenki: irbe
Ulcha: xulbi-
Nanai: xurbe-
Comments: ТМС 1, 324. Evk. > Dolg. ɨrba (Stachowski 261).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)üremē- ( ~ -i-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to visit, come as a guest
Russian meaning: приходить в гости, гостить
Evenki: iremē-
Negidal: ijemē-
Comments: ТМС 1, 329.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xürgi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to raise, feed 2 food, food supply
Russian meaning: 1 растить, кормить 2 пища, продовольствие
Evenki: irgī- 1, irgise 2
Even: irgъ- 1, issъ 2
Negidal: iggi- 1,isse 2
Spoken Manchu: uǯi- 1 (2338)
Literary Manchu: uǯi- 1
Ulcha: xujse 2
Orok: xujse 2
Nanai: xujgie- 1, xujgese 2
Oroch: iggi- 1, iggixe 2
Udighe: igisi- 1
Solon: iggi-, irgi- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 325-326.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xürgü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tail
Russian meaning: хвост
Evenki: irgi
Even: irgъ
Negidal: īɣi / idgi
Spoken Manchu: unčixǝn, unč́ux́un, iunč́ux́un (2291, 2607)
Literary Manchu: unčexen
Ulcha: xuǯu
Orok: xudu
Nanai: xuigu
Oroch: iggi
Udighe: igi
Solon: iggi, irgi
Comments: ТМС 1, 325.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xüse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hunter 2 man 3 male 4 to be anxious, worry about smth.
Russian meaning: 1 охотник 2 человек, мужчина 3 самец 4 волноваться, беспокоиться
Evenki: isegdin 1, išiganil- (V-L) 4
Even: iseɣde 2
Negidal: isegdin 1
Ulcha: xuse(gdi) 2
Orok: xusenne 2
Nanai: xuse 3
Solon: iš́igē- 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 332, 336.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xüse-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to vomit
Russian meaning: тошнить, рвать
Evenki: ise-
Even: is-
Negidal: ise-
Ulcha: xuse-
Orok: xuse-
Nanai: xuse-
Oroch: ise-
Solon: iš́irī-
Comments: ТМС 1, 332.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xǖ- (*xüb-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sound
Russian meaning: звучать
Evenki: ī-
Even: ī-
Negidal: ī-
Ulcha: ujsi-
Orok: uji-
Nanai: xuj-si-
Comments: ТМС 1, 293-294.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xǖkte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tooth
Russian meaning: зуб
Evenki: īkte
Even: īt
Negidal: īkte
Spoken Manchu: vīxǝ (32)
Literary Manchu: weixe
Jurchen: juj-xe (495)
Nanai: xukte(le)
Oroch: ikte
Udighe: ikte
Solon: ītte
Comments: ТМС 1, 300. Cf. also Evk. īken 'jaw, chin' (ТМС 1, 302). North. > Ul., Orok ikte.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xǖnčē-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elbow
Russian meaning: локоть
Evenki: īčēn
Even: iečen
Negidal: īčēn
Ulcha: unče(n)
Orok: ūite
Nanai: xujčẽ
Oroch: īčo(n)
Solon: īnčē̃
Comments: ТМС 1, 336. TM > Dag. inčēn, jinčēn, īčēn (Тод. Даг. 146). Loss of *x- in Ul. and Orok is not quite clear: perhaps borrowing from some archaic South. Tung. dialect (before the change *ǖ > ī).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arrow for a cross-bow, bolt 2 anvil 3 hammer
Russian meaning: 1 стрела (самострела) 2 наковальня 3 молот
Even: ǯābdaw 3
Ulcha: ǯabdụ(n) 1, ǯaụdụ 2
Nanai: ǯabdu 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 239, 240.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯabdar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a big snake
Russian meaning: большая змея
Evenki: ǯabdar
Even: ǯabdъ̣
Negidal: ǯabdan, ǯabdar
Spoken Manchu: ǯavǝǯi 'python' (2272)
Literary Manchu: ǯabǯan
Ulcha: ǯabda(n)
Orok: dabda
Nanai: ǯabǯã
Oroch: ǯabda
Udighe: ǯabda
Solon: ǯagdã
Comments: ТМС 1, 239.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯabuka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ear-flaps, headgear
Russian meaning: наушники
Ulcha: ǯawa
Nanai: ǯaụa
Oroch: ǯawa, ǯauka
Udighe: ǯauga
Comments: ТМС 1, 240.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯagari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bear's head; bear (3 y. old)
Russian meaning: голова медведя; медведь (3-х лет)
Evenki: ǯaɣari
Negidal: ǯaɣaskačān
Literary Manchu: ǯajra 'медведица (самка медведя-муравьеда)'
Nanai: ǯārị
Udighe: ǯāi
Comments: ТМС 1, 242.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯagda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pine-tree
Russian meaning: сосна
Evenki: ǯagda
Even: ǯaɣdъ̣
Negidal: ǯagda
Spoken Manchu: ǯahǝdǝ, ǯahǝdā (2158)
Literary Manchu: ǯaqdan
Ulcha: ǯagda
Nanai: ǯāGda
Solon: ǯagda
Comments: ТМС 1, 242. Cf. also Evk. dē̂kta, Evn. dē̂t, Orok ǯēqta 'fir-needles, fallen leaves' (ТМС 1, 202) - dialectal variants? A TM source is very probable for WMong. ǯodaw, Khalkha ǯodō, Bur. žodō "Siberian fir tree".
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to overflow (of sea, river) 2 to be agitated, wave (of sea) 3 spirit - master of the sea
Russian meaning: 1 заливать, затоплять водой 2 плескаться, волноваться (о море) 3 дух-хозяин моря
Evenki: ǯalki- 2
Even: ǯāl-, ǯālqab- 1
Negidal: ǯalalgun 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 245, 246. Evk. ǯalki- > Yak. ǯalkɨj- id. (not vice versa, despite ТМС).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯala-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 joint 2 shoe straps 3 generation; world 4 plummet
Russian meaning: 1 сустав 2 завязки на унтах 3 поколение; мир 4 грузило
Evenki: ǯalan 1, ǯalaptun 2
Even: ǯalъ̣n 1, ǯalъ̣pkịr 2
Negidal: ǯalan 1, ǯalaptin 4
Spoken Manchu: ǯalǝn 1 (75)
Literary Manchu: ǯala(n) 1, 3
Jurchen: ǯa-la-an (848) 3
Ulcha: ǯala(n) 1, 3
Orok: dala(n) 1, 3
Nanai: ǯalã 1, 3
Oroch: ǯala(n) 1, 3
Udighe: ǯala(n) 1, 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 245-246. Man. > Nan. (Naikh.) jalo, jalonị 'world' (ТМС 1, 340), Dag. ǯalan (Тод. Даг. 142).
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