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Japanese etymology :

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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *dia ( ~ *dai)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder brother or sister, elder relative
Russian meaning: старший брат или сестра, старший родственник
Old Japanese: je
Comments: JLTT 392.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)iárì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: collar
Russian meaning: воротник
Middle Japanese: eri
Tokyo: erí
Kyoto: érì
Kagoshima: éri
Comments: JLTT 393.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)íká
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kite (out of paper)
Russian meaning: бумажный змей
Middle Japanese: ika, ika-nobori
Proto-Japanese: *(d)íká(n)ta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: raft
Russian meaning: плот
Old Japanese: ikada
Middle Japanese: íkáda
Tokyo: ìkada
Kyoto: íkádá
Kagoshima: ikáda
Comments: JLTT 422.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ìkùsà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: warrior, war
Russian meaning: воин, война
Old Japanese: ikusa
Middle Japanese: ìkùsà
Tokyo: ikusá
Kyoto: ìkúsà
Kagoshima: ikusá
Comments: JLTT 423. Kyoto points to *ìkúsà, all other forms - to *ìkùsà.
Proto-Japanese: *dìmài / *dùmài
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dream
Russian meaning: сновидение
Old Japanese: ime, dial. jumi
Middle Japanese: ìmè, jume
Tokyo: yumé
Kyoto: yúmè
Kagoshima: yumé
Comments: JLTT 579.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)impi-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to oppress
Russian meaning: угнетать
Middle Japanese: ibir-
Tokyo: ibir-
Proto-Japanese: *(d)impu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to smoke, fume 2 to be smoky
Russian meaning: 1 дымить, окуривать 2 дымиться
Middle Japanese: ibus- 1, ibur- 2
Tokyo: ibús- 1, ibúr- 2
Kyoto: íbús- 1, íbúr- 2
Kagoshima: ibús- 1, ibúr- 2
Comments: JLTT 696. Original accent is not quite clear.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)inka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thorn, bur
Russian meaning: шип
Tokyo: igá
Kyoto: ìgâ
Kagoshima: íga
Comments: JLTT 421. The word is not attested in OJ, and the modern accentuation is controversial: Tokyo and Kagoshima point to *(d)ínkà, while Kyoto rather to *(d)ìnkâ.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ípà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock, cliff
Russian meaning: скала
Old Japanese: ipa
Middle Japanese: ífà
Tokyo: iwá
Kyoto: íwà
Kagoshima: íwa
Comments: JLTT 429.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ìpià
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: house
Russian meaning: дом
Old Japanese: ipje
Middle Japanese: ìfè
Tokyo: ié
Kyoto: íè
Kagoshima: ié
Comments: JLTT 421.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ír-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to enter
Russian meaning: входить
Old Japanese: ir-
Middle Japanese: ír-
Tokyo: ìr-
Kyoto: ír-
Kagoshima: ír-
Comments: JLTT 698.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to roast, fry
Russian meaning: жарить
Old Japanese: ir-
Middle Japanese: ìr-
Tokyo: ír-
Kyoto: ìr-
Kagoshima: ìr-
Comments: JLTT 698.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ira-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be nervous, angry
Russian meaning: нервничать, сердиться
Middle Japanese: ira-t-, ira-ra-
Tokyo: ira-dát-, íra-ira
Kyoto: írá-dát-, íra-ira
Kagoshima: ìràdàt-, ira-íra / ira-irá
Comments: JLTT 698. The original tone is hard to establish, because the root is present only as a reduplication or part of compound, and the RJ accentuation is not attested.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)írá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lend 2 to answer 3 answer
Russian meaning: 1 одалживать 2 отвечать; брать в долг 3 ответ
Old Japanese: iras- 1, irap- 2
Middle Japanese: írás- 1, iraf- 2
Tokyo: irae 3
Comments: JLTT 698.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ìrǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: color
Russian meaning: цвет
Old Japanese: iro
Middle Japanese: ìrò
Tokyo: iró
Kyoto: írò
Kagoshima: iró
Comments: JLTT 426.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ísì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stone
Russian meaning: камень
Old Japanese: isi
Middle Japanese: ísì
Tokyo: ishí
Kyoto: íshi
Kagoshima: íshi
Nase: ìší
Shuri: íšì
Hateruma: ìšì
Comments: JLTT 426.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ita-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plentiful, strong
Russian meaning: обильный, чрезвычайный
Old Japanese: ita-
Middle Japanese: ita-
Comments: JLTT 829.
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ita-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to freeze, freeze stiff
Russian meaning: замерзать, застывать
Middle Japanese: ita-
Proto-Japanese: *(d)ìtàtì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Mustela itatsi itatsi, kolinsky
Russian meaning: колонок, ласка
Old Japanese: itati
Middle Japanese: ìtàti
Tokyo: ìtachi, itachí
Kyoto: ítàchì
Kagoshima: itachí
Comments: JLTT 427. Tokyo reflects a tone variation between *(d)ìtàtì and *(d)ìtátí.
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Back: 1
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