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\data\alt\japet
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́sǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to allure, incite
Russian meaning: возбуждать, подстрекать
Middle Japanese: sosor- 'to be excited, nervous'; sosonokas-
Tokyo: sosór- / sòsor-, sosonokás-
Kyoto: sósór-, sósónókás-
Kagoshima: sosór-, sosonokás-
Comments: JLTT 756.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́sǝ́-k- (~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pour
Russian meaning: лить
Old Japanese: s(w)os(w)ok-
Middle Japanese: sósók-
Tokyo: sòsog-, sosóg-
Kyoto: sósóg-
Kagoshima: sosóg-
Comments: JLTT 756.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́sír- ( ~ *suásír-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to slander
Russian meaning: клеветать
Old Japanese: s(w)osir-
Middle Japanese: sósír-
Tokyo: soshír-
Kyoto: sóshír-
Kagoshima: soshír-
Comments: JLTT 756. The Tokyo accent is aberrant.
Proto-Japanese: *sǝ̀tǝ́ ( ~ ua)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: external side
Russian meaning: внешняя сторона
Middle Japanese: soto
Tokyo: sóto
Kyoto: sòtó
Kagoshima: sotó
Comments: JLTT 531.
Proto-Japanese: *si
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thou (2d p. pron.)
Russian meaning: ты
Old Japanese: si
Comments: OJ si is not frequent and is sometimes hard to distinguish from the deictic / emphatic particle si; however, there are several text examples firmly identifying its function as a 2d p. pronoun. It is used parallelly with the far more frequent na, but never occurs in compounds or with suffixes -re or -no; it is thus probable that it originally functioned as the direct stem as opposed to na as the oblique stem in a suppletive paradigm. See more detailed discussion in Murayama 1950, Miller JOAL and Itabashi 1998 (pace the latter author, however, we must say that the coincidence of si 'thou' and si `deictic / emphatic pronoun and particle' must be just a coincidence).
Proto-Japanese: *sia ( ~ *sai)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shaggy hoof
Russian meaning: мохнатое копыто
Middle Japanese: se
Comments: JLTT 521.
Proto-Japanese: *sík-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to litter, strew
Russian meaning: расстилать
Old Japanese: sik-
Middle Japanese: sík-
Tokyo: shìk-
Kyoto: shík-
Kagoshima: shík-
Comments: JLTT 751.
Proto-Japanese: *sika
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deer
Russian meaning: олень
Old Japanese: sika
Tokyo: shìka, shíka
Kyoto: shíkà
Kagoshima: shiká
Comments: JLTT 523. Significant accent variation in dialects does not allow to reconstruct a common accent pattern.
Proto-Japanese: *sikar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse
Russian meaning: ругать
Middle Japanese: sikar-
Tokyo: shìkar-, shikár-
Kyoto: shíkár-
Kagoshima: shìkàr-
Comments: JLTT 750. Original accent unclear (both *síkár- and *sìkàr- are possible).
Proto-Japanese: *síkímí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: threshold
Russian meaning: порог
Old Japanese: sikjimji
Middle Japanese: síkímí
Tokyo: shìkii
Kyoto: shíkíí
Kagoshima: shikíi
Comments: JLTT 523. Modern shikii is actually a merger of OJ síkjíimjí 'threshhold' and sikiwi (attested only in MJ) 'rush plant'.
Proto-Japanese: *síkími
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Illicium anisatum (a tree with poisonous fruits)
Russian meaning: вид аниса
Old Japanese: sikjimji
Middle Japanese: síkímí
Tokyo: shikimi
Comments: JLTT 523.
Proto-Japanese: *sím-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to soak
Russian meaning: впитываться, просачиваться
Old Japanese: sim-
Middle Japanese: sím-
Tokyo: shìmi-
Kyoto: shímí-
Kagoshima: shimí-
Comments: JLTT 751.
Proto-Japanese: *sìmà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: island
Russian meaning: остров
Old Japanese: sima
Middle Japanese: sìmà
Tokyo: shimá
Kyoto: shímà
Kagoshima: shimá
Comments: JLTT 524.
Proto-Japanese: *sìmài ( ~ -ià)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes japonicus
Russian meaning: вид дубоноса
Middle Japanese: sìmè
Tokyo: shimé
Kyoto: shímè
Kagoshima: shimé
Comments: JLTT 524.
Proto-Japanese: *sìmà-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be closed, shut
Russian meaning: быть закрытым, закрываться
Old Japanese: sima-r-
Middle Japanese: sima-r-
Tokyo: shimár-
Kyoto: shímár-
Kagoshima: shìmàr-
Comments: JLTT 751.
Proto-Japanese: *sìmǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frost, cold rain
Russian meaning: иней, холодный дождь
Old Japanese: sim(w)o
Middle Japanese: simo
Tokyo: shimó
Kyoto: shímò
Kagoshima: shimó
Comments: JLTT 524.
Proto-Japanese: *símí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pock-mark; stain
Russian meaning: оспина, веснушка; пятно
Old Japanese: simji
Tokyo: shìmi
Kyoto: shímí
Kagoshima: shími
Comments: JLTT 524.
Proto-Japanese: *símìas-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to show
Russian meaning: показывать
Old Japanese: simjes-
Middle Japanese: símès-
Tokyo: shimés-, shìmes-
Kyoto: shímés-
Kagoshima: shimés-
Comments: JLTT 751. The accent in RJ and PJ is exceptional, showing that the word is treated as a compound *sí- 'make' + *mi-as- 'show, cause to see'. One may suppose that original *sìmà-s- (causative from the attested *sìmà-, OJ sìmà-, Tokyo shimé- "mark, mark out as one's territory") was restructured under the influence of *mì-as- 'show'.
Proto-Japanese: *sìmpá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tongue
Russian meaning: язык
Nase: šìbá
Shuri: šíbá
Proto-Japanese: *símpà / *sìmpá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: turf
Russian meaning: дерн
Middle Japanese: síbà
Tokyo: shìba / shíbà
Kyoto: shìbá
Kagoshima: shíba
Comments: JLTT 522. RJ has síbà, but modern dialects show variation between *síbà and *sìbá ( > Tok. shíba, Kyo. shìbá).
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Total of 1705 records 86 pages

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Forward: 1 20

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