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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *lā̀mò ( ~ -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sea, wave
Russian meaning: море, волна
Mongolian: *namug
Tungus-Manchu: *lāmu
Japanese: *nàmì
Comments: ОСНЯ 2, 30, Murayama 1962, 109 (Jpn.-TM). Cf. also Koguryo *nuami 'pond, sea', see Lee 38, Menges 1984, 280-281.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺā̀p`o ( ~ -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: string, strap
Russian meaning: веревка, ремешок
Mongolian: *deɣe-sü
Tungus-Manchu: *lāpV-ki
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss. Cf. *labV̀. Cf. perhaps Karakh. (MK) jabtač 'cloth, handkerchief' (merged with *jap- 'to cover').
Proto-Altaic: *ĺā́p`V
Meaning: bifurcated pole
Russian meaning: раздвоенная жердь
Turkic: *jāpa(k)
Mongolian: *daɣaga(n)
Tungus-Manchu: *lap-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *lā́ŕgu
Meaning: sloppy job
Russian meaning: разгильдяйство, небрежность
Turkic: *jạ̄ŕ-
Mongolian: *nargi-
Tungus-Manchu: *largī
Korean: *nòrắs
Japanese: *núká-r-
Comments: Cf. also Mong. nerme 'to make worse'. Reason for closed *-ạ̄- in Turkic is not quite clear.
Proto-Altaic: *lā̀t`á ( ~ ĺ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wave, storm
Russian meaning: волна, шторм
Tungus-Manchu: *lāta
Japanese: *nàntá
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *lebV ( ~ -p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to eat greedily
Russian meaning: жадно есть
Mongolian: *labsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *lebge-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. expressive isogloss. In PTM cf. also *labada- 'to grasp with teeth', *lupku- 'to suck'.
Proto-Altaic: *lèjk`á
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to intend, demand
Russian meaning: намереваться, требовать
Mongolian: *neke-
Tungus-Manchu: *leKe-
Korean: *njǝ̀kí- / *nǝ̀ikí-
Japanese: *niànkà-p-
Comments: KW 274, EAS 76, Poppe 39, 56, АПиПЯЯ 78. Korean has a "verbal" low tone. The medial cluster with *-j- is in this case responsible for some peculiar reflexes: diphthongs both in Jpn. and Kor. and the palatalized initial reflexes (*ĺ-?) in TM languages. Despite Doerfer MT 51, TM cannot be borrowed from Mong, and - despite Rozycki 150 - Mong. cannot be borrowed from TM. Doerfer (TMN 1, 531) argues fervently against the Mong.-Kor. comparison ("Ramstedt verstößt hier gegen seine eigenen Prinzipien. Man kann das kor. Wort [nǝgi-, njǝgi- in Ramstedt's transcription] natürlich nicht mit dem mo. vergleichen, wenn man (cf. RAM 85!) ursprachlich -k- = mo. -k- = kor. -k-,-kh- ansetzt."), evidently unaware that modern Kor. -g- is a phonetic variant of -k- in intervocalic position.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺekleKV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of aquatic bird
Russian meaning: вид водоплавающей птицы
Turkic: *[j]eglek
Mongolian: *deglej
Tungus-Manchu: *leg(l)ek-
Comments: A Western isogloss; no doubt, onomatopoeic in origin, but interlanguage loans seem to be excluded in this case.
Proto-Altaic: *lélugV
Meaning: kerchief, pendant
Russian meaning: платок, подвеска
Turkic: *jaglɨk
Mongolian: *nolga
Tungus-Manchu: *lelu(ke)
Korean: *nòríkái
Comments: In Kor. the word also means 'plaything', and is usually derived < nōr- 'to play'; external evidence shows that the derivation is rather opposite ('to play' < 'to fondle with a pendant').
Proto-Altaic: *ĺèmo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be lazy, negligent
Russian meaning: быть ленивым, небрежным
Mongolian: *dömü-
Tungus-Manchu: *lemūk-
Japanese: *nàmàka-
Comments: The TM and Jpn. forms point to a common derivative *ĺèmo-kV (-k`V).
Proto-Altaic: *lemV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: meat, fat (of animals)
Russian meaning: мясо, жир (животный)
Turkic: *jạm-
Mongolian: *lami-
Tungus-Manchu: *lemuk
Comments: A Western isogloss. {Turk. *jạmɨŕ should be perhaps rather compared with Mong. sami 'groin' < PA *zamU.}
Proto-Altaic: *leńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to incline, sway, shake
Russian meaning: наклоняться, раскачиваться
Turkic: *jAń-ka-
Mongolian: *naji-(gu)-
Tungus-Manchu: *leŋgī-
Comments: EAS 75, Владимирцов 369, ОСНЯ 3, 58-60. A Western isogloss. Borrowing in Mong. from Turk. is quite improbable, despite Щербак 1997, 121.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺeŋgV
Meaning: a k. of predator
Russian meaning: вид хищника
Mongolian: *ǯiŋger
Tungus-Manchu: *leŋgur
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss. Cf. also *lúŋa.
Proto-Altaic: *lépù(-nV) ( ~ -b-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: swamp
Russian meaning: болото
Mongolian: *labku, *lobku
Tungus-Manchu: *lebē(n)-
Korean: *nɨp(h)
Japanese: *númà
Comments: Martin 236, Whitman 1985, 25, ТМС 1, 514. Jpn. *númà < *núbà-n, with normal regressive dissimilation.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺep`a ( ~ -o, -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: feather, down, wool
Russian meaning: перо, пух
Turkic: *jAp
Mongolian: *daɣaki
Tungus-Manchu: *lepu-
Comments: Владимирцов 208. A Western isogloss. Possibly derived is the Turk.-Mong. name for "foal" ( < "down, hair fading"): Turk. *japak (ЭСТЯ 4, 159-160), Mong. daɣagan ( > Evk. daɣakan etc., see Doerfer MT 99), see KW 81, Poppe 47.
Proto-Altaic: *lép`ó ( ~ *ĺ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rise, high
Russian meaning: подниматься, высокий
Tungus-Manchu: *lep- / *lupu-
Korean: *nòph-
Japanese: *nǝ́mpǝ́r-
Comments: Martin 1996, 98. An Eastern isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *ĺḕgì
Meaning: to hate, abhor
Russian meaning: ненавидеть, чувствовать отвращение
Turkic: *jigren- ( ~ -e-)
Mongolian: *ǯig-
Tungus-Manchu: *lēgī-
Japanese: *nìkù-
Comments: Ozawa 270-272, ЭСТЯ 4, 200-201. Cf. *ĺā̀k`e.
Proto-Altaic: *lḕja
Meaning: to go out, break forth
Russian meaning: выходить, вырываться
Mongolian: *niɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *lēj- (*lī-)
Korean: *ná-
Japanese: *nà-r- / *nà-s-
Comments: EAS 76, KW 276, Владимирцов 212, Poppe 39, Rozycki 162 (Mong.-Tung.), Martin 225-226. In MKor. cf. also nath- 'to become, appear' - a derivative?
Proto-Altaic: *ĺḗlV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to run, ride, hurry
Russian meaning: бежать, скакать, спешить
Turkic: *jēl-
Mongolian: *ǯilu-
Tungus-Manchu: *lelu-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *lēmo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fresh, raw; vegetables
Russian meaning: свежий, сырой; овощи
Turkic: *jẹ̄miĺč
Mongolian: *lamaɣa
Korean: *nằmằrh
Japanese: *nàmâ
Comments: Martin 232 (Kor.-Jpn.). The Turkic word is traditionally analysed as 'food' ( < *jē- 'eat' < PA *ǯē q. v.), but this may well be a reinterpretation.
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Total of 2805 records 141 page

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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