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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pUn-ai
Meaning : mast-wood
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pun_n_ai, pin_n_ai
Tamil meaning : mast-wood, Calophyllum inophyllum
Tamil derivates : pun_ku Malabar poon, Calophyllum tomentosum (also kāṭṭu-ppun_n_ai)
Malayalam : punna
Malayalam meaning : Calophyllum inophyllum; Rottlera tinctoria
Kannada : punnike, ponne, honne
Kannada meaning : Terminalia tomentosa W. & A.
Kannada derivates : honneya mara id.; Rottlera tinctoria Roxb.; sura-honne R. tinctoria; Alexandrian laurel, Calophyllum inophyllum Lin.
Tulu : ponnè
Tulu meaning : Rottlera tinctoria
Tulu derivates : śiri-ponnè Calophyllum apetalum
Notes : For some reason, Tamil and Mal. have -u-, as if the root were subject to umlaut (this cannot be, as the inlaut resonant is geminated). Sanskrit influence (Skt. puṃnāga- can be suspected).
Number in DED : 4343
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUnal-
Meaning : river
Tamil : pun_al, pun_ai
Tamil meaning : water, flood, river
Malayalam : punal, puṇal
Malayalam meaning : water, river
Kannada : ponal
Kannada meaning : stream, river
Number in DED : 4338
Proto-South Dravidian : *punḍ-
Meaning : quarrel; turbulent
Kannada : puṇḍa
Kannada meaning : refractory, turbulent; a free-booter, rascal, lawless fellow, a licentious man
Kannada derivates : puṇḍu, puṇḍutana lawless proceedings, brigandage, depravity
Kodagu : puṇḍɨ
Kodagu meaning : quarrel
Kodagu derivates : puṇḍë quarrelsome man
Tulu : puṇḍa
Tulu meaning : mischievous, quarrelsome, wicked
Number in DED : 4272
Proto-South Dravidian : *Punḍ-ai
Meaning : pudendum muliebre
Tamil : puṇṭai
Tamil meaning : pudendum muliebre
Number in DED : 4273
Proto-South Dravidian : *pŭṇ-i
Meaning : border of field
Kannada : huṇi
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) borders of a ricefield
Kodagu : kɨppuṇi
Kodagu meaning : lower level in a field
Kodagu derivates : meppuṇi upper level in a field
Tulu : puṇi
Tulu meaning : the border of a field
Number in DED : 4269
Proto-South Dravidian : *puṇiǯ- (?)
Meaning : a k. of insect
Kannada : puṇija
Kannada meaning : a kind of insect
Number in DED : 4270
Proto-South Dravidian : *Puŋk-
Meaning : fool
Tamil : puŋkan_
Tamil meaning : fool
Malayalam : puŋkan
Malayalam meaning : fool
Number in DED : 4244
Proto-South Dravidian : *puŋ-/*pul- (?)
Meaning : Indian beech
Tamil : pun_ku, puŋku, puŋkam, pūnti
Tamil meaning : Indian beech, Pongamia glabra; rosewood, Dalbergia lanceolaria
Malayalam : puŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : Pongamia glabra
Malayalam derivates : uŋŋu Bauhinia variegata [considered a kind of puŋŋu]
Kannada : hoŋge
Kannada meaning : Pongamia glabra Vent.; Dalbergia oujeinensis Roxb.
Kannada derivates : puligil, puliŋgil, huligilu P. glabra; huligali, hulivili, hulige D. oujeinensis
Tulu : puŋgu
Tulu meaning : Pongamia glabra
Notes : Possibly a bunch of different roots; extremely hard to determine the exact phonetics, as it often happens with SDR names of plants.
Number in DED : 4341
Proto-South Dravidian : *pur-
Meaning : strength, energy
Kannada : puri
Kannada meaning : strength, courage, pride
Kannada derivates : (Hal.) hurupu energy; (Hav.) huruppu id., enthusiasm
Number in DED : 4286
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUr-a-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pura (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to keep, preserve, protect, govern, bestow, reverence
Tamil derivates : purantār kings; purappu keeping, protection; puravu care, protection, gift, boon, tax, land given free of rent by a king; puravalan_ protector, preserver, defender, king
Kannada : pore
Kannada meaning : to nourish, cherish, support, preserve, invigorate; be nourished or fed; n. nourishing, invigoration, refreshment
Kannada derivates : pokkuḷa, pokkuḷi state of having oneself fed by others (e. g. a cuckoo); horakuḷi person who depends on others for his sustenance
Proto-Nilgiri : *por
Number in DED : 4283
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUr-ai-
Meaning : defect, error
Tamil : purai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be defective, slip into wrong note in singing; n. defect, blemish, falsehood
Tamil derivates : puraical defect, weakness, discord, flaw; puraittal defective note in singing; puraippu fault, flaw, defect, doubt; purivu error; puraiy-ēr_u to be suffocated by food passing into the windpipe
Kannada : pore, porake
Kannada meaning : error, mistake, fault; the wrong way in drinking or swallowing
Kannada derivates : porey-ēr_u choking sensation to arise from a mouthful going the wrong way
Number in DED : 4293
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUr-ai
Meaning : house; roof
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : purai
Tamil meaning : house, dwelling, small room
Tamil derivates : pirai shed, factory; puraiyan_ house, cottage, dwelling made of leaves; puraiyuḷ house
Malayalam : pura
Malayalam meaning : house (esp. thatched house), hut, room
Kodagu : pore
Kodagu meaning : thatched roof
Tulu : porè, purè
Tulu meaning : roof, ceiling
Tulu derivates : pura house
Number in DED : 4294
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUr-ai
Meaning : ulcer
Tamil : purai
Tamil meaning : deep ulcer, fistula
Kannada : pure, pore
Kannada meaning : boil, ulcer
Number in DED : 4296
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUr-ai
Meaning : to bore; tube, pipe
Tamil : purai
Tamil meaning : tubular hollow, tube, pipe, windpipe
Tulu : perevuni
Tulu meaning : to be bored, perforated
Tulu derivates : perepini to bore, perforate; (?) burma, burmu a gimlet; berpuri a borer
Number in DED : 4297
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUraḷ-
Meaning : to roll
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : puraḷ (puraḷv-, puraṇṭ-), piraḷ (piraḷv-, piraṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to roll over, tumble over, be upset, slip off, roll (as waves), overflow, be deranged or changed (as times, customs or laws), be overturned (as a state), go back on one's word, be refuted, die
Tamil derivates : puraḷi, piraḷi lying, deceit, insurrection; puraṭṭu (puraṭṭi-) to turn a thing over, roll, turn up (as the soil in ploughing), fry (as vegetable curry), nauseate, deceive, pervert, smear, foul with dirt; n. turning over, overturn, prevarication, deceit, treachery, nausea, colic; puraṭci upsetting, disorder, anarchy; puraṭṭan_, piraṭṭan_ deceiver, liar; piraṭṭu deceit
Malayalam : puraḷuka
Malayalam meaning : to roll
Malayalam derivates : puraṭṭuka to turn about; puraḷikka to revolve in the mind; piraḷuka to wallow, roll, turn, be smeared, overflow; piraṭṭuka to roll about (tr.), distort words, deceive, rub as ointment, soil; piraṭṭu deceit, lewdness; piraṭṭan fraudulent; piraṭṭi confusion, consternation; piraḷca turning about, wallowing
Kannada : poraḷ, puruḷ
Kannada meaning : to roll, welter, wallow
Kannada derivates : (Hal.) hoḍḍu to roll about
Tulu : pureluni, pureyuni, poreluni, poreḍuni
Tulu meaning : to roll (intr.), turn
Tulu derivates : purepuni, porepuni, porelpuni to roll (tr.), turn over, recant, impute, attribute; porelụ reeling; porŋkuni to roll, run over; pereḍuni to roll, move, wallow
Proto-Nilgiri : *porḷ-
Number in DED : 4285
Proto-South Dravidian : *pUraǯ-ai
Meaning : halter of elephant
Tamil : puracai, purōcai
Tamil meaning : halter or headstall of an elephant
Kannada : horaje
Kannada meaning : cord put round the neck of an elephant
Kannada derivates : hor(a)ji a stout and long rope used in drawing an idol-car
Number in DED : 4284
Proto-South Dravidian : *Pur-i-
Meaning : to desire
Tamil : puri (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to desire
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to cause to desire; n. desire; purivu desire, love, attachment
Number in DED : 4287
Proto-South Dravidian : *pur-i
Meaning : backbone
Kannada : huri
Kannada meaning : backbone, spine
Number in DED : 4299
Proto-South Dravidian : *pur-i-
Meaning : to curl, twist
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : puri (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be twisted, curl, turn; n. cord, twine, rope, strand, twist (as of straw), curl, spiral, conch
Malayalam : puri
Malayalam meaning : twisting, string
Malayalam derivates : puriyuka to curl, twist
Kannada : puri
Kannada meaning : twisting, twist, twine, string
Tulu : puri
Tulu meaning : twining, twisting (as threads), coir yarn
Tulu derivates : puripu the twist as of a rope or cord
Number in DED : 4177
Proto-South Dravidian : *puruḍ-
Meaning : ceremonial pollution
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : puruṭu
Tamil meaning : ceremonial pollution on account of childbirth
Kannada : puruḍu
Kannada meaning : ceremonial uncleanness after childbirth
Proto-Nilgiri : *pir- (?)
Notes : The PN form has yet to be ascertained.
Number in DED : 4290
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

Pages: 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140
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