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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔirɨ- (~ *ʔI-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 red 2 blood
Lezghian: jaru 1
Tabasaran: üru 1
Agul: iref 1
Rutul: irdɨ 1
Kryz: iri 1, iräǯ 2
Budukh: ird 2
Comment: In Lezg. a secondary dissimilatory vowel shift (*ʔirɨ- > *ʔerɨ-, cf. Khl. eri); in Tab., on the other hand, assimilation due to labialisation (cf. Tab. Düb. iri 'red'). In Kryz. and Bud. the word for 'blood' is derived from this adjectival base.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 104.


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