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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *[hI]alχä-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 long 2 up, on top
Lezghian: jarʁi 1
Tabasaran: jarχi 1
Agul: jarχIe-f 1
Rutul: χuläχ-dɨ 1
Tsakhur: χɨli-na 1
Budukh: laχa 2
Archi: lāχa 1
Udi: laχo 2
Comment: Within PL there is a difficult interrelation between four roots: *[hI]alχä- 'long', *hI[a]χV- 'high', *jaq:V 'high' and *ʔarχ:(Vl)- 'far' q.v. In several languages contaminations have arisen. Thus, -ʁ- in Lezg. jarʁi 'long' is obviously due to contamination with jarʁal 'far'.

    Several languages reflect metathesized forms (*[hI]alχä- ~ *laχä- ~ *χalä- and, with Ablaut, *χolä-), which is usual for verbal/adjectival stems. Note that all these variants are not merely Lezgian, but have external parallels as well.


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