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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔiʎʷV(n)-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 graze 2 herdsman 3 grass 4 preserve, raise (smn.)
Rutul: =ɨxa- 1
Tsakhur: uxīxe- 1
Kryz: xɨn 3
Budukh: xɨn 3
Archi: uʎ-du 2
Udi: ef-sun 4
Comment: Labialization was early lost in all languages except Arch. (cf. also Arch. plur. ʎʷ-at) and Ud. In Tsakh. the stem is reduplicated, but cf. also Tsakh. oxan-as 'to eat' which obviously belongs here too (the -n-conjugation may be explained either as secondary suffixation or as a result of contamination with the PL root *ʔikʷVn- 'to eat' q.v.).

    The name for "grass" in Kryz. and Bud. (cf. also Rut. xɨn id.) can be explained as a derivate of the same verbal root (PL *(ʔi)ʎʷon).


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