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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:äm:
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: finger nail
Tabasaran: šib
Rutul: xeb
Tsakhur: xɨvna
Udi: muχ
Comment: Other relevant forms: Tab. Khür. š:av (pointing to PL *ɫ:), Düb. šav. Traces of the PL oblique base *ʎ:im:V- (with Ablaut) are preserved in Rut. xäb, xibɨ-l-; the Tsakh. form (cf. also Gelm. xɨbɨna) reflects the original plural *ɫ:im:V-p:V with metathesis. Metathesized is also the Ud. form muχ - but external comparison shows that metathesis must have occurred in the rest of PL dialects after the separation of Udi.

    Cf. Лексика 1971, 119.


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