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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *hI[a]χV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 be high 2 rise, raise 3 high 4 long
Lezghian: aq̇-aχ-iz 2
Rutul: ha-χa-s 1
Tsakhur: aχ-tɨ-n 3
Kryz: ʕaχtä 4
Budukh: ʕapχu 4
Archi: eχa-s 2
Udi: boχo 4
Comment: The stem is verbal (and belongs to the strong verb class), but is often used for deriving adjectives 'high' (Rut. ha-χɨ-d, Tsakh. aχtɨ-n, Arch. b-e:χu) or 'long' (Kryz. ʕaχtä, Bud. ʕapχu, Ud. boχo). The meaning 'long' may be a result of partial contamination with PL *[hI]alχä- 'long' q.v., but in general these two roots are to be strictly kept apart.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 105.


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