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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ʎ́ǝ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: lie
Abkhaz: a-š́-ta-rá
Abaza: š́-ṭa-za-ra
Adyghe: -ʎǝ-
Kabardian: -ʎǝ-
Ubykh: -ʎǝ-
Comments: PAT *š́ǝ-ta- (with unclear glottalization in Abaz.); the element *-ta- may be possibly identified with the locative verbal stem *-ta- 'to be (inside)'. In AK (PAK *ʎǝ-) and Ub. this root is used only with locative preverbs (cf. Kab. jǝ-ʎǝ-n 'lie within', Ub. bʁ́a-ʎǝ- 'lie upon' etc.). In Ub. the root is confined to the plural (being the collective counterpart of -sǝ- q.v.).

    The transitive meaning ("to put") is not attested in the verbal paradigm, but there are some nominal derivates which have preserved it: cf. Kab. ʎa 'place' (*'place to put smth.'), Ub. ʎa-šʷá 'sheath, case' ("place (-šʷa) to put smth. in").


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