Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *mV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 hand 2 knee 3 kneeling
Abkhaz: a-na-ṗǝ́ 1
Abaza: naṗǝ 1
Adyghe: ʎagʷanǯa-mǝ-śħ
Kabardian: ʎagʷaźa-mǝš́ħa
Ubykh: ʎa-mā-ša 2
Comments: PAT *na-ṗǝ 'hand' (for -ṗǝ see PWC *ṗA) is obviously a dissimilation from *ma-ṗǝ. The root *ma is clearly seen in compounds like *ma-cʷA 'finger' (Abkh. a-ma-čá, Abaz. ma-čʷǝ), Abkh. a-ma-χʷár 'arm' etc.

    Outside AT the same root (with the general meaning "extremity") can be probably discovered within the common WC designation of "knee": AT *mǝ-qA (Abkh. a-š́a-mχǝ́, Bz. a-š́a-mχǝ́, Abaz. š́a-mqa); Ub. ʎa-mā-ša (where the first part is the PWC root for 'foot, leg' q.v. and the last part is the PWC root for 'head': the whole compound can thus be interpreted as "head of leg's extremity"). In AK this root has survived only within the compound *ʎa-gʷa(n)ža-mǝ-śħa 'kneeling' (*ʎa-gʷa(n)ža is the PAK word for 'knee'). Thus Abdokov's (1983, 79) comparison of PAT *mǝ-qA with an isolated Akhvakh form (Akhv. muq̇u 'knee') should be rejected.


List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov