Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *mǝʎǝ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: nail, claw
Abkhaz: -ṗχǝ-c
Abaza: -ṗχǝ/-mχǝ
Comments: For PAT two compounds may be reconstructed: a) *naṗǝ-mǝxǝ 'fingernail' (*naṗǝ 'hand'), whence Abaz. naṗχǝ, Abkh. a-naṗχǝ́-c, Bz. a-naṗxǝ́-ć/a-napxǝ́-ś (with an additional suffixed -ć); b) *š́aṗǝ-mǝxǝ 'toenail' (*š́aṗǝ 'foot'), whence Abaz. š́amχǝ, Abkh. a-š́aṗχǝ́-c, Bz. a-š́aṗxǝ́-ć/a-š́apxǝ́-ś/a-š́amxǝ́-ś.

    Initial *m- is clearly visible in the second compound, while in the first

   it had been lost completely because of dissimilation with the initial n-.

    PAT *x goes back to several PWC consonants (*ƛ̣,*ƛ,*ʎ(*ʎ:),*x); *-ʎ- is

   chosen here because of EC counterparts. Abdokov (1983, 77) compares the AA

   form with PAK *(p)χʷá-mba 'finger' which is semantically dubious and

   phonetically impossible.








List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov