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Pokorny's dictionary :

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\data\ie\pokorny
Number: 511
Root: erǝ-1, rē-, er(e)-
English meaning: to row
German meaning: `rudern; Ruder'
Derivatives: erǝ-ter- `Ruderer'
Material: Ai. arí-tra- m. `treibend; Ruder', n. (auch áritra-) `Steuerruder', aritár- `Ruderer';

    gr. ἐρέ-της `Ruderer', Ersatz für *ἐρετήρ (= ai. aritár-) wozu fem. ᾽Ερέτρια ON erhalten, ἐρέσσω, att. ἐρέττω `rudere' (*ερετ-ι̯ω, Denominativ), ἐρετμός, Pl. ἐρετμά (statt *ἐρη̃μος = lat. rēmus, nach ἐρέτης, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 4932) `Ruder', hom. εἰρεσίη (εἰ- metr. Dehnung) `das Rudern', ὑπηρέτης `Ruderknecht, Matrose'; übertragen: `schwer arbeitender Diener', πεντήρης `Fünfdecker'; εἰκόσ-ορος, τριᾱκόντ-ορος, ion. τριηκόντ-ερος usw. (die -ορος-Formen durch gr. Assimilation von ο aus ε?); ἁλι-ήρης `das Meer durchrudernd', ἀμφ-ήρης `doppelruderig', τριήρης `Dreidecker';

    lat. rēmus `Ruder', triresmom, septeresmom Columna rostrata (Grundf. eher *rē-smo- als *ret-smo-);

    air. - `rudern', imb-rā- `rudern, zu Schiffe fahren' (z. B. Impf. -raad, Perf. imm-rerae `profectus est', Verbn. imram `das Rudern'), rāme `Ruder';

    anord. rōa, ags. rōwan, mhd. rüejen `rudern'; ahd. ruodar, ags. rōðor n. `Ruder', anord. rōþr (u-St. *rōþru-) `das Rudern';

    lit. iriù, ìrti `rudern', ìrklas `Ruder', ablaut. apr. artwes f. Pl. `Schiffsreise'.

References: WP. I 143 f., Trautmann 105.
Pages: 338
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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