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Pokorny's dictionary :

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\data\ie\pokorny
Number: 1836
Root: sp(h)e(n)d-
English meaning: to shiver, to shake
German meaning: `zucken, zappeln' und (über `flackern') `glänzen'
Material: Ai. spandatē `zuckt, schlägt aus', spanda- m. `Zucken, Bewegung', snāyu-spanda- `Pulsschlag', spandana- m. `zuckend'; gr. σφενδόνη `Schleuder', σφαδάζω `zucke, zapple, bewege mich heftig'(*σφδ-); σφόνδυλος, σπόνδυλος m. `Wirbel an der Spindel, usw.'; unnasaliert σφεδανός, σφοδρός `heftig, eifrig'; älter ndl. spat `Krampf', nhd. Spat(h), mhd. spat, ostfries. spat(t), spad(de) `Geschwulst am Pferdefuß' (germ. d, dd neben t, tt kann junge Variation sein), nd. ndl. spatten `zucken, zappeln';

    hierher lit. spį́stu, spį́sti `erglänzen', spìndžiu, spindė́ti `glänzen', lett. atspîst `wiedererglänzen', spîdêt `glänzen, leuchten', ablaut. spuôžs `glänzend, hell, leuchtend' (*spandús), spuôdrs `glänzend, durchsichtig, rein' (*spondros).

References: WP. II 664, Trautmann 275;
See also: vgl. *sp(h)eng- `glänzen'.
Pages: 989
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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