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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 149
Proto-Semitic: *rigl-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: foot
Ugaritic: /riglu/ 'foot' [Huehner 176] (unattested alphabetically)
Hebrew: rägäl 'foot, leg' [KB 1184]; 'one who goes by foot, pedestrian' ibid. 1184
Aramaic: SML lgr, OFF rgl, lgl, ngr, PLM rgl 'foot' [HJ 1060]; SamP riggālāʔi 'foot-soldier'
Biblical Aramaic: *rǝgal or *rǝgēl (only raglayin, du.) 'Fuss' [KB deutsch 1779]
Judaic Aramaic: riglā (raglā) [Ja 1449]; ryglh 'foot, leg' [Sok 516], riglāʔ- 'foot-soldier'
Syrian Aramaic: reglā 'pes' [Brock 712]
Modern Aramaic: MAL reɣra 'Fuss' [Berg 75] TUR raɣlo 'foot' [R Ṭūrōyo 118] MLH *reɣlo 'Fuss' (c. suff. reɣlav 'sein Fuss') [J Mlah 188]
Arabic: riǧl- 'pied' [BK 1 831], raǯul- 'man'
Epigraphic South Arabian: SAB rgl 'foot' [SD 116], MIN rgl 'pied, jambe' [LM 77]
Notes: Note AKK rig/k/ḳlu OA translated as 'ein Ggst.' in [AHw 982] with a remark: "Gelb p. 63 f. zu wsem. ri/agl 'Fuss'?".

    ETH *ʔǝgr 'foot' usually compared to this root (so [Kaye passim]) is not related; see *ʔi(n)gir-, No. .

    Cf. JUD nigrā [Ja 902] <*ligr-, with dissimilation *l- > n- in the vicinity of -r-, and MND ligra 'foot, leg' [DM 235]; metathesis in both cases due to nearly complete incompatibility of r and l in SEM roots.

    Cf. ESA: ḤḌR rgln 'fantassin' [LM 77], with a meaning shift.

    [KB 1184]: HBR, UGR, ARM, ARB, ESA, GEZ (ʔǝgr); [Brock 712]: SYR, ARM, HBR, ARB, ESA, GEZ (ʔǝgr), AKK (riglu 'ungula'; not in [AHw])


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