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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : to stir, mix up
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kalaŋku (kalaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to be stirred up, agitated, ruffled (as water), be confused, abashed
Tamil derivates : kalakku (kalakki-) to confuse, nonplus; kalakkam, kalakku being agitated (as surface of water), discomposure, distress, perplexity; kalaŋkal turbidity, muddiness, muddy water, perturbation; kalāvu (kalāvi-) to be perturbed, confused, be displeased, angry; kalāy (-pp-, -tt-) to get angry, quarrel; kalāpam disturbance, uproar, raid; kalām war, battle, rivalry, rage; kali perturbation, discomposure, uneasiness, war, dissension, strife; kaluẓ (-v-, -nt-) to become turbid (as water), be disturbed in mind, weep; n. weeping, muddiness; kaluẓcci, kaluẓvu sorrow, weeping; kaluẓi disturbed water, puddle, flood, tears, confusion; kaliẓ (-v-, -nt-) to weep, be troubled in mind; n. muddy water
Malayalam : kalaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be mixed, agitated, turbid (as water), embarrassed
Malayalam derivates : kalaŋŋal turbidity; kalakkuka to mix (tr.), confound; kalakkam turbidness, confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalampuka to get confused, quarrel, anoint the body with perfumes; kalampal, kalampu uproar, quarrel
Kannada : kalaku, kalaŋku
Kannada meaning : to agitate, shake, perturb, make turbid, stir up, disturb
Kannada derivates : kalakisu to perturb, stir; kalaku turbidness; kalaḍu to be shaken or perturbed, become turbid, muddy, unclean; kalumbu to perturbate, make turbid; n. turbidness, contamination, defilement; kaluhe turbidness, impurity
Kodagu : kalaŋg- (kalaŋgi-)
Kodagu meaning : to be stirred up
Kodagu derivates : kalak- (kalaki-) to stir up, churn; (Shanmugam) kalak stirring up
Tulu : kalaŋkụ, kaḷaŋkụ
Tulu meaning : turbidness, muddiness
Tulu derivates : kalaŋkuni, kaḷaŋkuni to be turbid; kaḷaŋkāvuni to render turbid; kalambuni to quarrel, fight; galjuni to confuse, disturb
Proto-Nilgiri : *kalǝ-
Number in DED : 1303

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