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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *asai- ~ *asar-
Meaning : faint, drowsy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : acar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become faint, drowsy
Tamil derivates : acarttu (acartti-) to cause to be drowsy or sluggish; acati drowsiness; acappu inattentiveness, absence of mind; acāvu (acāvi-) to droop, languish, grow slack; acā languor, faintness; acai (-v-, -nt-) to be weary, exhausted, grow feeble, walk or ride slowly; acaivu weariness, exhaustion; añar (-v-, -nt-) to be lazy, slothful; n. mental distress, disease; ayar (-v-, -nt-) to lose consciousness (as in fainting, sleep, drunkenness), become weary, forget; (-pp-, -tt-) to forget; ayarcci, ayarti languor, faintness, forgetfulness; ayarppu, ayarvu forgetfulness; ayā languor, faintness; ayāvu (ayāvi-) to be distressed; añcal laziness, sloth
Malayalam : aśati
Malayalam meaning : drowsiness, forgetfulness
Malayalam derivates : aśattu pōka to forget oneself; ayarkka to swoon, feel estranged, disagree; ayarcca fatigue, distress, affliction, forgetfulness; ayarti, ayarppu swoon, forgetfulness, discord
Kannada : asur
Kannada meaning : to feel disgusted, have an aversion or a dislike, be impatient; n. fatigue, faintness
Kannada derivates : asurusuru exhaustion; ayil, aylu bewilderment, madness; āsar_ to be weary; n. weariness, fatigue, languor
Tulu : ajakè
Tulu meaning : idleness
Tulu derivates : ? āsarụ thirst, that which slakes thirst
Notes : As is often the case, there may be several roots confused in this DED entry; the most dubious forms are those in which Tamil has a palatal nasal (añar, añcal), because that would mean the original form is *anǯ-, although no other SDR languages show any forms with the nasal. The difference in semantics is also striking: "faint, drowsy, weary" vs. "lazy, slothful". The rest of the forms, however, are hard to separate from each other.
Number in DED : 0039

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