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Modern (Beijing) reading: quàn
Preclassic Old Chinese: khʷars
Classic Old Chinese: khwanh
Western Han Chinese: khwanh
Eastern Han Chinese: khwanh
Early Postclassic Chinese: khwàn
Middle Postclassic Chinese: khwǝ̀n
Late Postclassic Chinese: khwǝ̀n
Middle Chinese: khwǝ̀n
English meaning : to exhort, encourage, motivate
Russian meaning[s]: 1) убеждать, уговаривать; советовать; воодушевлять; 2) побуждать, стимулировать; 3) покровительствовать
Comments: Regular Sino-Viet. is khuyến.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 19
Four-angle index: 4686
Karlgren code: 0158 s
Vietnamese reading: khuyên

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