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Modern (Beijing) reading: jiān
Preclassic Old Chinese: ćen
Classic Old Chinese: cen
Western Han Chinese: cjan
Eastern Han Chinese: cjan
Early Postclassic Chinese: cjen
Middle Postclassic Chinese: cjen
Late Postclassic Chinese: cjen
Middle Chinese: cjen
English meaning : to fry [L.Zhou]
Russian meaning[s]: 1) выпаривать; подсушивать на огне; поджаривать; жареный; 2) засахаривать; засахаренный
Comments: Standard Sino-Viet. is tiễn (with irregular tone).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 86
Four-angle index: 8590
Karlgren code: 0245 g
Vietnamese reading: chiên

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