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Modern (Beijing) reading: yī
Preclassic Old Chinese: ʔij
Classic Old Chinese: ʔij
Western Han Chinese: ʔjǝj
Eastern Han Chinese: ʔjǝj
Early Postclassic Chinese: ʔjij
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ʔjij
Late Postclassic Chinese: ʔji
Middle Chinese: ʔji
English meaning : personal equational copula: it is, they are; he, she, it, they
Russian meaning[s]: 1) вост. диал. он; тот; 2) она; 3) звукоподражание, см. 咿; 4) сокр. г. Кульджа
Comments: A rather universal personal stem, thus Viet. is not necessarily borrowed.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 9
Four-angle index: 4146
Karlgren code: 0604 a-c
Vietnamese reading: y
Shijing occurrences: 24.3, 33.1, 35.2, 35.6

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