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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *=uš:
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 daughter 2 newborn daughter 3 newborn son
Lezghian: ruš 1
Tabasaran: riš 1
Agul: ruš 1
Rutul: rɨš 1
Tsakhur: jɨš 1
Kryz: riš 1
Budukh: riž 1
Archi: diš-du-r 2
Comment: Most Lezgian languages reflect only the feminine form *r-uš: (obl. base r-uš:a-, cf. Lezg. ruša-, Ag. ruša-, Rut. rɨšä-); cf. also Tab. Düb. riš:i, Ag. Bursh. ruš:. The only language that has preserved the old opposition between *r-uš: 'daughter' and *u_-uš: 'son' is Archi (cf. Arch. wiš-du 'newborn son'). Some languages have preserved, however, the archaic prefixless plural form *š:i-p:V (cf. Tab. pl. šu-bar, Ag. pl. ši-bar, Kryz. pl. ši-bi). [Not quite clear morphologically is Tab. šiw 'woman', perhaps corresponding to -š:e in Tsakh. xuna-š:e id. It seems to contain a masculine class marker *-u, but has a feminine meaning.]

    See Trubetzkoy 1922, 194; Лексика 1971, 109, 129; Гигинейшвили 1977, 120; Талибов 1960а, 294.


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