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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔu ( ~ *hu)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: demonstrative pronoun (that)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ħu
Proto-Tsezian: *wa-
Proto-Lak: wa
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔu- / *uV-
Proto-Khinalug: hu
Proto-West Caucasian: *wV
Notes: This stem should be probably kept apart from PEC *ʔŏ 'demonstrative pronoun', since they are opposed in some languages; however, contaminations were certainly possible. In some Eastern languages (Lezg. and Khin.) the root tends to mean 'that (above the speaker)'. See Абдоков 1983, 139-140.

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