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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔŏ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: that (demonstrative pronoun)
Proto-Nakh: *ʔo
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔa
Proto-West Caucasian: *a
Notes: This demonstrative stem is mostly used for far deixis ("that") as opposed to *ha- (q.v.) for near deixis or emphatic deixis. We must note, however, that in many modern languages it is extremely complicated to make a clear-cut distinction between the reflexes of these two pronominal morphemes.

    See Trubetzkoy 1930, 274; Абдоков 1983, 140.


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