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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʒ́ǝ̆ / *ć̣ǝ̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: a negative particle
Proto-Nakh: *ca
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *-č̣i
Proto-Tsezian: *-č̣
Proto-Lezghian: *č:V
Notes: A common EC negative particle; it is still used as a separate word in Nakh, but mostly as a suffix (or in conjunction with other negative particles) in other EC languages. A certain instability of laryngeal features is characteristic for auxiliary morphemes.

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