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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔăʒ_Ĕ (~ -ǝ̆-,-ŏ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to be ill, feel pain
Proto-Nakh: *l-ac̣-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *c̣:i-n-
Proto-Lak: c̣u-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔic:-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔac̣:a
Proto-Khinalug: c̣ɨ-t
Proto-West Caucasian: *źV
Notes: A rather widely represented common NC root. The etymology on the whole seems quite satisfactory, but there are some irregularities: in PD we would rather expect *z, not *c:. We may think that the root consonant here was expressively geminated (PD *ʔizz- > *ʔicc:-), and indeed we see traces of this gemination in Ak. izz-es, izz-ala. It is even possible that the gemination occurred as early as in Proto-Darg.-Lezg. - cf. a quite analogous gemination in Rut. =ädda- (normally -d- would be expected).

    Cf. also Hurr. azz-u/ošχǝ 'tabooed, impure, sinful, sick (or the like)', see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 40.

    See Abdokov 1983, 136.


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