Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *gwītanV
Meaning: plough
Proto-Nakh: *gōtan
Proto-Dargwa: *k:utan
Proto-Lezghian: *kʷitan
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳʷatanV
Notes: Besides the listed languages in EC the word is present also in Lak. (kutan), Av. (kután). The Lak. and Av. word are probably borrowed (cf. the secondary devoicing of k-, resembling the devoicing in the PL form: it is, however, hardly possible to deduce PL *kʷitan from Lak. or Av., thus the loan was probably reverse).

    The PNC reconstruction given here is highly tentative, primarily, because of the irregular correspondence between EC and WC. The word is also present in other languages of the Caucasus: Georg. gutani, Osset. gūton / goton, Arm. gutan, Azerb. kotan, but does not have a secure etymology in any of these languages. See Genko 1930, Abayev 1, 527: "a common Caucasian word of unknown origin".


List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov