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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *lHīq̇_wĂ / *lHīq_wĂ (~ ɫ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: a k. of bird
Proto-Nakh: *l(ɦ)ēq̇
Proto-Tsezian: *laluq̇V (~ r)
Proto-Lak: liIluχ:i
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔiχI-liq̇an
Proto-Lezghian: *liq̇Iʷ
Proto-West Caucasian: *la(r)qʷa
Notes: The comparison seems quite plausible, despite some irregularities (usual for bird names in many linguistic families). It is hard to guess which particular bird was denoted by the name *lHīq̇_wĂ in PNC, but most semantic reflexes point to some big or medium-sized bird ("eagle" ~ "jackdaw"/"rook" ~ "pigeon").

    For phonetic reasons the PWC root can not be compared with PEC *lɨ̆nƛ_wē 'pigeon', pace Klimov (1967,302), Abdokov (1983, 121); also improbable are the etymologies of Abkh. laħʷa by Lomtatidze (1961, 121) and of PAK *tħar(ǝ)q:ʷá by Shakryl (1968,48-49).


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