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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *jA
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: a demonstrative stem
Abkhaz: ja-rá
Abaza: ja-ra
Adyghe: jǝj
Kabardian: jǝ, jej
Ubykh: jǝ-
Comments: In PAT used as the 3d p. pronoun *ja-ra 'he'; cf. also *jǝ (Abkh. j(ǝ)-, Abaz. j(ǝ)- the verbal prefix of the 3d person) and *-jǝ within complex demonstrative stems (*a-nǝ-jǝ 'that', *a-rǝ-jǝ 'this' > Abkh., Abaz. ani, ari etc.).

    In AK the root functions as the 3d p. possessive prefix (jǝ- 'his'), see Шагиров 1, 180.

    In Ubykh jǝ- is the demonstrative pronoun expressing near deixis ('this'); the same morpheme is probably used as a personal prefix of the 3d p. pl.


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