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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *K(i)arba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to grope (for smth.) 2 to grasp (with hands or teeth) 3 to swim (grope through water with hands and feet) 4 to rake up
Russian meaning: 1 нащупывать 2 хватать (руками или зубами) 3 плавать (хвататься за воду руками и ногами) 4 сгребать
Old Turkic: qarva- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: qarva- (MK) 1
Turkish: kavra- 2
Middle Turkic: qarba- (Qutb)
Turkmen: Gabra- 2
Khakassian: xarba- 2
Shor: qarba- 2
Oyrat: qarba- 2
Yakut: xarbā- 2,3,4
Dolgan: karbā- 'to row, swim'
Tuva: qarban- 3
Comments: EDT 646, VEWT 243, ЭСТЯ 5, 302-303, Мудрак 103 (with a wrong attribution of Tuva xɨr-). Despite Kaɫ. MEJ 42, Stachowski 139, forms like Yak. xarbā- are hardly borrowed < Mong. qarma- (on which see under *k`aŕa).

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