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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cover (n.) 2 gate, door 3 to close
Russian meaning: 1 крышка 2 ворота, дверь 3 закрывать
Old Turkic: qapaɣ, qapɨɣ (Orkh., OUygh.) 2, qapɣɨ (Orkh.) 2, qapaq (OUygh.) 1, qap- 3
Karakhanid: qapuɣ (MK, KB), qapɣaq (MK) 1, qapuɣ (MK) 2
Turkish: kapak 1, kapɨ 2, kapa- 3, kap- 3
Tatar: dial. qapqaq 1, qapqa 2, qapla- 3
Middle Turkic: qabaɣ (Qutb.) 1, qapu (Houts., Pav. C.) 2, qabuɣ (Qutb.) 2
Uzbek: qɔpɛqɔq 1, qɔpqɛ 2, qɔplɛ- 3
Uighur: qap(q)aq 1, dial. qobuɣ 2, qapla- 3
Azerbaidzhan: GapaG 1, Gapɨ 2, Gapa- 3
Turkmen: Gapaq 1, Gapɨ 2, dial. Gap- 3
Khakassian: xaxpax 1
Shor: qabaq 1
Oyrat: qaqpaq 1
Chuvash: xobъ 1, xop(la)- 3
Yakut: xappax 1
Dolgan: kappaktā- 'to cover'
Tuva: qaqpaq 1
Kirghiz: qapqaq 1, qapqa 2
Kazakh: qaqpaq 1, qapɨ 2, qaqpa 2
Noghai: qapaq 1, qapɨ 2, qap(l)a- 3
Bashkir: qapqa 2, qapla- 3
Karaim: qabaq 2
Karakalpak: qaqpaq 1, qapɨ 2, qaqpa 2
Salar: qāvu 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: qapu 2, qabaq 2
Comments: VEWT 203, TMN 3, 369, ЭСТЯ 5, 160, 263-264, 274-275, Лексика 510, Федотов 2, 358-359, Stachowski 138 (there is also a variant *Kāp- - due to merger with another root *Kāp-, v. sub *k[ā]p`á; the meaning 'cover' here is probably secondary). Turk. > Mong. qabqaɣ 'cover' (whence Evk. kapkak, see Doerfer MT 125), qabqa 'gate', see TMN 3, 371, 415, Hung. kapu 'gate', see Gombocz 1912.
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