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Turkic etymology :

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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arm 2 forearm 3 shin-bone of animal 4 various measures of length
Russian meaning: 1 рука (верхняя часть) 2 предплечье 3 голенная кость животного 4 различные меры длины
Old Turkic: qar 1, qarɨ 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qarɨ (MK) 1
Turkish: karu-ǯa 1
Tatar: qarɨ 1, qara 4 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qar 1 (Vam.), qarɨ 1 (Abush.), 2 (Houts.), 4 (in all sources)
Uzbek: qari 1,4, qara 3 (dial.)
Uighur: qeri 4, qaja 3 (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: qar 2
Azerbaidzhan: gari 3 (dial.)
Turkmen: Garɨ 3,4
Shor: qarɨ 1
Oyrat: qarɨ 1
Halaj: qarɨ 4
Chuvash: xor 2, 4
Yakut: xarɨ, xara 2, 3
Tuva: qɨrɨ 2
Tofalar: qɨrɨ 2
Kirghiz: qar 1, qarɨ 1
Kazakh: qar 2, qarɨ 2, 3
Noghai: qarɨ 4
Bashkir: qar 3
Balkar: qarɨ 4
Karakalpak: qar 2, qarɨ 2, 4
Comments: TMN 3, 461-2, ЭСТЯ 5, 278-283, Дыбо 160-164, Дыбо 1989, Федотов 2, 361, Лексика 246-247. The usage of *Karɨ as a measure ('cubit') may seem natural, but in fact reflects a merger with a different root, see under *K(i)arɨĺ. Turk. > Hung. kar 'arm', see Ligeti 1933, MNyTESz 2, 369.
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