Comments:ТМС 2, 401, 422. Manchu has č- as a result of assimilation, but Jurchen shows that *š- was the initial consonant. TM > Yak. čɨ̄čāx, Dolg. čɨ̄čāk, Tof. šīǯek 'small bird' (see Stachowski 77), probably also Yug čičik, Selk. čičik 'small bird' (see Starostin 1995, 217 - although the Ket (tъ̄qt) and Kott. (čičaba) forms should be regarded separately, as well as other Uralic and Caucasian forms quoted ibid.).