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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bear 2 gopher 3 bear's flesh (as food) 4 young tarbagan
Russian meaning: 1 медведь 2 суслик 3 медвежье мясо (как пища) 4 тарбаган (до 5 месяцев)
Evenki: urike 2, urka- 3
Even: ụrka- 3, urgeɣe 4
Negidal: ujguli 1
Ulcha: xuǯuli 1
Nanai: xujguluẽ 1
Oroch: ugguli 1, urike 'fox-seal'
Comments: ТМС 2, 251, 284, 285, 286. For the forms meaning 'gopher, seal' cf., however, some Turkic Siberian forms: Khak. örke, Yak. örgö, Tuva örge (VEWT 374-375) - which may be borrowed from Tungus, but may also constitute a separate root (note that Turk. > Hung. ürge 'gopher', see Gombocz 1912, Russ. Siber. jerkeška, see Аникин 202).

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